AWS Identity and Access Management permissions in AWS ParallelCluster 3.x - AWS ParallelCluster

AWS Identity and Access Management permissions in AWS ParallelCluster 3.x

AWS ParallelCluster uses IAM permissions to control access to resources when creating and managing clusters.

To create and manage clusters in an AWS account, AWS ParallelCluster requires permissions at two levels:
  • Permissions that the pcluster user requires to invoke the pcluster CLI commands for creating and managing clusters.

  • Permissions that the cluster resources require to perform cluster actions.

AWS ParallelCluster uses an EC2 instance profile and role to provide cluster resource permissions. To manage cluster resource permissions, AWS ParallelCluster also requires permissions to IAM resources. For more information, see AWS ParallelCluster user example policies for managing IAM resources.

pcluster users require IAM permissions to use the pcluster CLI to create and manage a cluster and its resources. These permissions are included in IAM policies that can be added to a user or role. For more information on IAM roles, see Creating a user role in the AWS Identity and Access Management User Guide.

You can also use AWS ParallelCluster configuration parameters to manage IAM permissions.

The following sections contain the required permissions with examples.

To use the example policies, replace <REGION>, <AWS ACCOUNT ID>, and similar strings with the appropriate values.

The following example policies include Amazon Resource Names (ARNs) for the resources. If you're working in the AWS GovCloud (US) or AWS China partitions, the ARNs must be changed. Specifically, they must be changed from "arn:aws" to "arn:aws-us-gov" for the AWS GovCloud (US) partition or "arn:aws-cn" for the AWS China partition. For more information, see Amazon Resource Names (ARNs) in AWS GovCloud (US) Regions in the AWS GovCloud (US) User Guide and ARNs for AWS services in China in Getting Started with AWS services in China.

You can track changes to the example policies in AWS ParallelCluster documentation on GitHub.

AWS ParallelCluster EC2 instance roles

When you create a cluster with the default configuration settings, AWS ParallelCluster uses EC2 instance profiles to automatically create a default cluster EC2 instance role that provides the permissions required to create and manage the cluster and its resources.

Alternatives to using the default AWS ParallelCluster instance role

In place of the default AWS ParallelCluster instance role, you can use the InstanceRole cluster configuration setting to specify your own existing IAM role for EC2. For more information, see AWS ParallelCluster configuration parameters to manage IAM permissions. Typically, you specify existing IAM roles to fully control the permissions granted to EC2.

If your intent is to add extra policies to the default instance role, we recommend that you pass the additional IAM policies by using the AdditionalIamPolicies configuration setting instead of InstanceProfile or InstanceRole settings. You can update AdditionalIamPolicies when you update your cluster, however, you can't update the InstanceRole when you update your cluster.

AWS ParallelCluster example pcluster user policies

The following examples show the user policies required to create and manage AWS ParallelCluster and its resources by using the pcluster CLI. You can attach policies to a user or role.

Base AWS ParallelCluster pcluster user policy

The following policy shows the permissions required to run AWS ParallelCluster pcluster commands.

The last action listed in the policy is included to provide validation of any secrets specified in the cluster configuration. For example, an AWS Secrets Manager secret is used to configure the DirectoryService integration. In this case, a cluster is created only if a valid secret exists in the PasswordSecretArn. If this action is omitted, secret validation is skipped. To improve your security posture, we recommend that you scope down this policy statement by adding only the secrets specified in your cluster configuration.

Note

If existing Amazon EFS file systems are the only file systems used in your cluster, you can scope down the example Amazon EFS policy statements to the specific file systems referenced in the SharedStorage section of the cluster configuration file.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Action": [ "ec2:Describe*" ], "Resource": "*", "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "EC2Read" }, { "Action": [ "ec2:AllocateAddress", "ec2:AssociateAddress", "ec2:AttachNetworkInterface", "ec2:AuthorizeSecurityGroupEgress", "ec2:AuthorizeSecurityGroupIngress", "ec2:CreateFleet", "ec2:CreateLaunchTemplate", "ec2:CreateLaunchTemplateVersion", "ec2:CreateNetworkInterface", "ec2:CreatePlacementGroup", "ec2:CreateSecurityGroup", "ec2:CreateSnapshot", "ec2:CreateTags", "ec2:CreateVolume", "ec2:DeleteLaunchTemplate", "ec2:DeleteNetworkInterface", "ec2:DeletePlacementGroup", "ec2:DeleteSecurityGroup", "ec2:DeleteVolume", "ec2:DisassociateAddress", "ec2:ModifyLaunchTemplate", "ec2:ModifyNetworkInterfaceAttribute", "ec2:ModifyVolume", "ec2:ModifyVolumeAttribute", "ec2:ReleaseAddress", "ec2:RevokeSecurityGroupEgress", "ec2:RevokeSecurityGroupIngress", "ec2:RunInstances", "ec2:TerminateInstances" ], "Resource": "*", "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "EC2Write" }, { "Action": [ "dynamodb:DescribeTable", "dynamodb:ListTagsOfResource", "dynamodb:CreateTable", "dynamodb:DeleteTable", "dynamodb:GetItem", "dynamodb:PutItem", "dynamodb:UpdateItem", "dynamodb:Query", "dynamodb:TagResource" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:dynamodb:*:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:table/parallelcluster-*", "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "DynamoDB" }, { "Action": [ "route53:ChangeResourceRecordSets", "route53:ChangeTagsForResource", "route53:CreateHostedZone", "route53:DeleteHostedZone", "route53:GetChange", "route53:GetHostedZone", "route53:ListResourceRecordSets", "route53:ListQueryLoggingConfigs" ], "Resource": "*", "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "Route53HostedZones" }, { "Action": [ "cloudformation:*" ], "Resource": "*", "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "CloudFormation" }, { "Action": [ "cloudwatch:PutDashboard", "cloudwatch:ListDashboards", "cloudwatch:DeleteDashboards", "cloudwatch:GetDashboard" ], "Resource": "*", "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "CloudWatch" }, { "Action": [ "iam:GetRole", "iam:GetRolePolicy", "iam:GetPolicy", "iam:SimulatePrincipalPolicy", "iam:GetInstanceProfile" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:role/*", "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:policy/*", "arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/*", "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:instance-profile/*" ], "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "IamRead" }, { "Action": [ "iam:CreateInstanceProfile", "iam:DeleteInstanceProfile", "iam:AddRoleToInstanceProfile", "iam:RemoveRoleFromInstanceProfile" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:instance-profile/parallelcluster/*" ], "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "IamInstanceProfile" }, { "Condition": { "StringEqualsIfExists": { "iam:PassedToService": [ "lambda.amazonaws.com", "ec2.amazonaws.com", "spotfleet.amazonaws.com" ] } }, "Action": [ "iam:PassRole" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:role/parallelcluster/*" ], "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "IamPassRole" }, { "Action": [ "lambda:CreateFunction", "lambda:DeleteFunction", "lambda:GetFunctionConfiguration", "lambda:GetFunction", "lambda:InvokeFunction", "lambda:AddPermission", "lambda:RemovePermission", "lambda:UpdateFunctionConfiguration", "lambda:TagResource", "lambda:ListTags", "lambda:UntagResource" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:lambda:*:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:function:parallelcluster-*", "arn:aws:lambda:*:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:function:pcluster-*" ], "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "Lambda" }, { "Action": [ "s3:*" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::parallelcluster-*", "arn:aws:s3:::aws-parallelcluster-*" ], "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "S3ResourcesBucket" }, { "Action": [ "s3:Get*", "s3:List*" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:s3:::*-aws-parallelcluster*", "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "S3ParallelClusterReadOnly" }, { "Action": [ "elasticfilesystem:*" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:elasticfilesystem:*:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:*" ], "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "EFS" }, { "Action": [ "logs:DeleteLogGroup", "logs:PutRetentionPolicy", "logs:DescribeLogGroups", "logs:CreateLogGroup", "logs:TagResource", "logs:UntagResource", "logs:FilterLogEvents", "logs:GetLogEvents", "logs:CreateExportTask", "logs:DescribeLogStreams", "logs:DescribeExportTasks" ], "Resource": "*", "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "CloudWatchLogs" }, { "Action": [ "resource-groups:ListGroupResources" ], "Resource": "*", "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "ResourceGroupRead" }, { "Action": "secretsmanager:DescribeSecret", "Resource": "arn:aws:secretsmanager:<REGION>:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:secret:<SECRET NAME>", "Effect": "Allow" } ] }

Additional AWS ParallelCluster pcluster user policy when using AWS Batch scheduler

In case you need to create and manage a cluster with AWS Batch scheduler, the following additional policy is required.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Condition": { "StringEqualsIfExists": { "iam:PassedToService": [ "ecs-tasks.amazonaws.com", "batch.amazonaws.com", "codebuild.amazonaws.com" ] } }, "Action": [ "iam:PassRole" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:role/parallelcluster/*" ], "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "IamPassRole" }, { "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "iam:AWSServiceName": [ "batch.amazonaws.com" ] } }, "Action": [ "iam:CreateServiceLinkedRole", "iam:DeleteServiceLinkedRole" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:role/aws-service-role/batch.amazonaws.com/*" ], "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": [ "codebuild:*" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:codebuild:*:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:project/pcluster-*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": [ "ecr:*" ], "Resource": "*", "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "ECR" }, { "Action": [ "batch:*" ], "Resource": "*", "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "Batch" }, { "Action": [ "events:*" ], "Resource": "*", "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "AmazonCloudWatchEvents" }, { "Action": [ "ecs:DescribeContainerInstances", "ecs:ListContainerInstances" ], "Resource": "*", "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "ECS" } ] }

Additional AWS ParallelCluster pcluster user policy when using Amazon FSx for Lustre

In case you need to create and manage a cluster with Amazon FSx for Lustre, the following additional policy is required.

Note

If existing Amazon FSx file systems are the only file systems used in your cluster, you can scope down the example Amazon FSx policy statements to the specific file systems referenced in the SharedStorage section of the cluster configuration file.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "iam:AWSServiceName": [ "fsx.amazonaws.com", "s3.data-source.lustre.fsx.amazonaws.com" ] } }, "Action": [ "iam:CreateServiceLinkedRole", "iam:DeleteServiceLinkedRole" ], "Resource": "*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": [ "fsx:*" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:fsx:*:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:*" ], "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "FSx" }, { "Action": [ "iam:CreateServiceLinkedRole", "iam:AttachRolePolicy", "iam:PutRolePolicy" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:role/aws-service-role/s3.data-source.lustre.fsx.amazonaws.com/*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": [ "s3:Get*", "s3:List*", "s3:PutObject" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:s3:::<S3 NAME>", "Effect": "Allow" } ] }

AWS ParallelCluster image build pcluster user policy

Users that intend to create custom EC2 images with AWS ParallelCluster must have the following set of permissions.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Action": [ "ec2:DescribeImages", "ec2:DescribeInstanceTypeOfferings", "ec2:DescribeInstanceTypes", "ec2:DeregisterImage", "ec2:DeleteSnapshot" ], "Resource": "*", "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "EC2" }, { "Action": [ "iam:CreateInstanceProfile", "iam:AddRoleToInstanceProfile", "iam:GetRole", "iam:GetRolePolicy", "iam:GetInstanceProfile", "iam:RemoveRoleFromInstanceProfile" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:instance-profile/parallelcluster/*", "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:instance-profile/ParallelClusterImage*", "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:role/parallelcluster/*" ], "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "IAM" }, { "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "iam:PassedToService": [ "lambda.amazonaws.com", "ec2.amazonaws.com" ] } }, "Action": [ "iam:PassRole" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:instance-profile/parallelcluster/*", "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:role/parallelcluster/*" ], "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "IAMPassRole" }, { "Action": [ "logs:CreateLogGroup", "logs:TagResource", "logs:UntagResource", "logs:DeleteLogGroup" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:logs:*:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:log-group:/aws/imagebuilder/ParallelClusterImage-*", "arn:aws:logs:*:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:log-group:/aws/lambda/ParallelClusterImage-*" ], "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "CloudWatch" }, { "Action": [ "cloudformation:DescribeStacks", "cloudformation:CreateStack", "cloudformation:DeleteStack" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:cloudformation:*:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:stack/*" ], "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "CloudFormation" }, { "Action": [ "lambda:CreateFunction", "lambda:GetFunction", "lambda:AddPermission", "lambda:RemovePermission", "lambda:DeleteFunction", "lambda:TagResource", "lambda:ListTags", "lambda:UntagResource" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:lambda:*:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:function:ParallelClusterImage-*" ], "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "Lambda" }, { "Action": [ "imagebuilder:Get*" ], "Resource": "*", "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "ImageBuilderGet" }, { "Action": [ "imagebuilder:CreateImage", "imagebuilder:TagResource", "imagebuilder:CreateImageRecipe", "imagebuilder:CreateComponent", "imagebuilder:CreateDistributionConfiguration", "imagebuilder:CreateInfrastructureConfiguration", "imagebuilder:DeleteImage", "imagebuilder:DeleteComponent", "imagebuilder:DeleteImageRecipe", "imagebuilder:DeleteInfrastructureConfiguration", "imagebuilder:DeleteDistributionConfiguration" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:imagebuilder:*:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:image/parallelclusterimage-*", "arn:aws:imagebuilder:*:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:image-recipe/parallelclusterimage-*", "arn:aws:imagebuilder:*:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:component/parallelclusterimage-*", "arn:aws:imagebuilder:*:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:distribution-configuration/parallelclusterimage-*", "arn:aws:imagebuilder:*:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:infrastructure-configuration/parallelclusterimage-*" ], "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "ImageBuilder" }, { "Action": [ "s3:CreateBucket", "s3:ListBucket", "s3:ListBucketVersions" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::parallelcluster-*" ], "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "S3Bucket" }, { "Action": [ "sns:GetTopicAttributes", "sns:TagResource", "sns:CreateTopic", "sns:Subscribe", "sns:Publish", "SNS:DeleteTopic", "SNS:Unsubscribe" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:sns:*:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:ParallelClusterImage-*" ], "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "SNS" }, { "Action": [ "s3:PutObject", "s3:GetObject", "s3:GetObjectVersion", "s3:DeleteObject", "s3:DeleteObjectVersion" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::parallelcluster-*/*" ], "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "S3Objects" }, { "Action": "iam:CreateServiceLinkedRole", "Effect": "Allow", "Resource": "arn:aws:iam::*:role/aws-service-role/imagebuilder.amazonaws.com/AWSServiceRoleForImageBuilder", "Condition": { "StringLike": { "iam:AWSServiceName": "imagebuilder.amazonaws.com" } } } ] }

AWS ParallelCluster user example policies for managing IAM resources

When using AWS ParallelCluster to create clusters or custom AMIs, IAM policies must be provided that contain permissions to grant the required set of permissions to AWS ParallelCluster components. These IAM resources can be either automatically created by AWS ParallelCluster or be provided as input when creating a cluster or a custom image.

You can use the following modes to provide the AWS ParallelCluster user with the permissions required to access IAM resources by using additional IAM policies in the configuration.

Privileged IAM access mode

With this mode, AWS ParallelCluster automatically creates all necessary IAM resources. These IAM policies are scoped down to enable access to cluster resources only.

To enable Privileged IAM access mode, add the following policy to the user role.

Note

If you configure HeadNode / Iam / AdditionalPolicies or Scheduling / SlurmQueues / Iam / AdditionalPolicies parameters, you must provide the AWS ParallelCluster user with permission to attach and detach role policies for each additional policy as shown in the following policy. Add the additional policy ARNs to the condition for attaching and detaching role policies.

Warning

This mode enables the user to have IAM Administrator privileges in the AWS account

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Action": [ "iam:CreateServiceLinkedRole", "iam:DeleteRole", "iam:TagRole" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:role/parallelcluster/*" ], "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "IamRole" }, { "Action": [ "iam:CreateRole" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:role/parallelcluster/*" ], "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "IamCreateRole" }, { "Action": [ "iam:PutRolePolicy", "iam:DeleteRolePolicy" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:role/parallelcluster/*", "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "IamInlinePolicy" }, { "Condition": { "ArnLike": { "iam:PolicyARN": [ "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:policy/parallelcluster*", "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:policy/parallelcluster/*", "arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/CloudWatchAgentServerPolicy", "arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/AmazonSSMManagedInstanceCore", "arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/AWSBatchFullAccess", "arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/AmazonS3ReadOnlyAccess", "arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/service-role/AWSBatchServiceRole", "arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/service-role/AmazonEC2ContainerServiceforEC2Role", "arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/service-role/AmazonECSTaskExecutionRolePolicy", "arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/service-role/AmazonEC2SpotFleetTaggingRole", "arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/EC2InstanceProfileForImageBuilder", "arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/service-role/AWSLambdaBasicExecutionRole" ] } }, "Action": [ "iam:AttachRolePolicy", "iam:DetachRolePolicy" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:role/parallelcluster/*", "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "IamPolicy" } ] }

Restricted IAM access mode

When no additional IAM policies are granted to the user, IAM roles required by clusters or custom image build need to be manually created by an administrator and passed as part of the cluster configuration.

When creating a cluster the following parameters are required:

When building a custom image the following parameters are required:

The IAM roles passed as part of the above listed parameters must be created on the /parallelcluster/ path prefix. If this isn't possible, the user policy needs to be updated to grant iam:PassRole permission on the specific custom roles, as in the following example.

{ "Condition": { "StringEqualsIfExists": { "iam:PassedToService": [ "ecs-tasks.amazonaws.com", "lambda.amazonaws.com", "ec2.amazonaws.com", "spotfleet.amazonaws.com", "batch.amazonaws.com", "codebuild.amazonaws.com" ] } }, "Action": [ "iam:PassRole" ], "Resource": [ <list all custom IAM roles> ], "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "IamPassRole" }
Warning

Currently this mode does not allow the management of AWS Batch clusters because not all IAM roles can be passed in the cluster configuration.

PermissionsBoundary mode

This mode delegates to AWS ParallelCluster the creation of IAM roles that are bound to the configured IAM permissions boundary. For more information on IAM permissions boundaries, see Permissions boundaries for IAM entities in the IAM User Guide.

The following policy needs to be added to the user role.

In the policy, replace <permissions-boundary-arn> with the IAM policy ARN to be enforced as permissions boundary.

Warning

If you configure the HeadNode / Iam / AdditionalPolicies or Scheduling / SlurmQueues / Iam / AdditionalPolicies parameters, you must grant the user permission to attach and detach role policies for each additional policy as shown in the following policy. Add the additional policy ARNs to the condition for attaching and detaching role policies.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Action": [ "iam:CreateServiceLinkedRole", "iam:DeleteRole", "iam:TagRole" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:role/parallelcluster/*" ], "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "IamRole" }, { "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "iam:PermissionsBoundary": [ <permissions-boundary-arn> ] } }, "Action": [ "iam:CreateRole" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:role/parallelcluster/*" ], "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "IamCreateRole" }, { "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "iam:PermissionsBoundary": [ <permissions-boundary-arn> ] } }, "Action": [ "iam:PutRolePolicy", "iam:DeleteRolePolicy" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:role/parallelcluster/*", "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "IamInlinePolicy" }, { "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "iam:PermissionsBoundary": [ <permissions-boundary-arn> ] }, "ArnLike": { "iam:PolicyARN": [ "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:policy/parallelcluster*", "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:policy/parallelcluster/*", "arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/CloudWatchAgentServerPolicy", "arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/AmazonSSMManagedInstanceCore", "arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/AWSBatchFullAccess", "arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/AmazonS3ReadOnlyAccess", "arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/service-role/AWSBatchServiceRole", "arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/service-role/AmazonEC2ContainerServiceforEC2Role", "arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/service-role/AmazonECSTaskExecutionRolePolicy", "arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/service-role/AmazonEC2SpotFleetTaggingRole", "arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/EC2InstanceProfileForImageBuilder", "arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/service-role/AWSLambdaBasicExecutionRole" ] } }, "Action": [ "iam:AttachRolePolicy", "iam:DetachRolePolicy" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:role/parallelcluster/*", "Effect": "Allow", "Sid": "IamPolicy" } ] }

When this mode is enabled, you must specify the permissions boundary ARN in the Iam / PermissionsBoundary configuration parameter when creating or updating a cluster and in the Build / Iam / PermissionBoundary parameter when building a custom image.

AWS ParallelCluster configuration parameters to manage IAM permissions

AWS ParallelCluster exposes a series of configuration options to customize and manage the IAM permissions and roles that are used in a cluster or during the custom AMI creation process.

Cluster configuration

Head node IAM role

HeadNode / Iam / InstanceRole | InstanceProfile

With this option, you override the default IAM role that's assigned to the head node of the cluster. For additional details, please refer to the InstanceProfile reference.

Here is the minimal set of policies to be used as part of this role when the scheduler is Slurm:

  • arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/CloudWatchAgentServerPolicy managed IAM policy. For more information, see Create IAM roles and users for use with the CloudWatch agent in the Amazon CloudWatch User Guide.

  • arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/AmazonSSMManagedInstanceCore managed IAM policy. For more information, see AWS managed policies for AWS Systems Manager in the AWS Systems Manager User Guide.

  • Additional IAM policy:

    { "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Action": [ "s3:GetObject", "s3:GetObjectVersion" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::<REGION>-aws-parallelcluster/*", "arn:aws:s3:::dcv-license.<REGION>/*", "arn:aws:s3:::parallelcluster-*-v1-do-not-delete/*" ], "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": [ "dynamodb:GetItem", "dynamodb:PutItem", "dynamodb:UpdateItem", "dynamodb:BatchWriteItem" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:dynamodb:<REGION>:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:table/parallelcluster-*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "ec2:ResourceTag/parallelcluster:node-type": "Compute" } }, "Action": "ec2:TerminateInstances", "Resource": "*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": [ "ec2:RunInstances", "ec2:CreateFleet" ] "Resource": "*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "iam:PassedToService": [ "ec2.amazonaws.com" ] } }, "Action": [ "iam:PassRole" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:role/parallelcluster/*", "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:instance-profile/parallelcluster/*" ], "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": [ "ec2:DescribeInstances", "ec2:DescribeInstanceStatus", "ec2:DescribeVolumes", "ec2:DescribeInstanceAttribute", "ec2:DescribeCapacityReservations" ], "Resource": "*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": [ "ec2:CreateTags", "ec2:AttachVolume" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:ec2:<REGION>:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:instance/*", "arn:aws:ec2:<REGION>:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:volume/*" ], "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": [ "cloudformation:DescribeStacks", "cloudformation:DescribeStackResource", "cloudformation:SignalResource" ], "Resource": "*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": [ "route53:ChangeResourceRecordSets" ], "Resource": "*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": "secretsmanager:GetSecretValue", "Resource": "arn:aws:secretsmanager:<REGION>:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:secret:<SECRET_ID>", "Effect": "Allow" } ] }

Note that in case Scheduling / SlurmQueues / Iam / InstanceRole is used to override the compute IAM role, the head node policy reported above needs to include such role in the Resource section of the iam:PassRole permission.

Here is the minimal set of policies to be used as part of this role when the scheduler is AWS Batch:

  • arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/CloudWatchAgentServerPolicy managed IAM policy. For more information, see Create IAM roles and users for use with the CloudWatch agent in the Amazon CloudWatch User Guide.

  • arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/AmazonSSMManagedInstanceCore managed IAM policy. For more information, see AWS managed policies for AWS Systems Manager in the AWS Systems Manager User Guide.

  • Additional IAM policy:

    { "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Action": [ "s3:GetObject", "s3:PutObject", "s3:GetObjectVersion" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::parallelcluster-*-v1-do-not-delete/*" ], "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": "s3:GetObject", "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::dcv-license.<REGION>/*", "arn:aws:s3:::<REGION>-aws-parallelcluster/*" ], "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "iam:PassedToService": [ "batch.amazonaws.com" ] } }, "Action": [ "iam:PassRole" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:role/parallelcluster/*", "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:instance-profile/parallelcluster/*" ], "Effect": "Allow" }, "Action": [ "batch:DescribeJobQueues", "batch:DescribeJobs", "batch:ListJobs", "batch:DescribeComputeEnvironments" ], "Resource": "*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": [ "batch:SubmitJob", "batch:TerminateJob", "logs:GetLogEvents", "ecs:ListContainerInstances", "ecs:DescribeContainerInstances", ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:logs:<REGION>:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:log-group:/aws/batch/job:log-stream:PclusterJobDefinition*", "arn:aws:ecs:<REGION>:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:container-instance/AWSBatch-PclusterComputeEnviron*", "arn:aws:ecs:<REGION>:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:cluster/AWSBatch-Pcluster*", "arn:aws:batch:<REGION>:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:job-queue/PclusterJobQueue*", "arn:aws:batch:<REGION>:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:job-definition/PclusterJobDefinition*:*", "arn:aws:batch:<REGION>:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:job/*" ], "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": [ "ec2:DescribeInstances", "ec2:DescribeInstanceStatus", "ec2:DescribeVolumes", "ec2:DescribeInstanceAttribute" ], "Resource": "*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": [ "ec2:CreateTags", "ec2:AttachVolume" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:ec2:<REGION>:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:instance/*", "arn:aws:ec2:<REGION>:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:volume/*" ], "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": [ "cloudformation:DescribeStackResource", "cloudformation:DescribeStacks", "cloudformation:SignalResource" ], "Resource": "*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": "secretsmanager:GetSecretValue", "Resource": "arn:aws:secretsmanager:<REGION>:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:secret:<SECRET_ID>", "Effect": "Allow" } ] }

Amazon S3 access

HeadNode / Iam / S3Access or Scheduling / SlurmQueues / S3Access

In these configuration sections, you can customize the Amazon S3 access by granting additional Amazon S3 policies to the IAM roles associated with the head node or compute nodes of the cluster when such roles are created by AWS ParallelCluster. For more information, see the reference documentation for each of the configuration parameter.

This parameter can be only used when the user is configured with Privileged IAM access mode or PermissionsBoundary mode.

Additional IAM policies

HeadNode / Iam / AdditionalIamPolicies or SlurmQueues / Iam / AdditionalIamPolicies

Use this option to attach additional managed IAM policies to the IAM roles associated with the head node or compute nodes of the cluster when such roles are created by AWS ParallelCluster.

Warning

To use this option, make sure the AWS ParallelCluster user is granted iam:AttachRolePolicy and iam:DetachRolePolicy permissions for the IAM policies that need to be attached.

AWS Lambda functions role

Iam / Roles / LambdaFunctionsRole

This option overrides the role attached to all AWS Lambda functions that are used during the cluster creation process. AWS Lambda needs to be configured as the principal allowed to assume the role.

Note

If DeploymentSettings / LambdaFunctionsVpcConfig is set, the LambdaFunctionsRole must include the AWS Lambda role permission to set the VPC configuration.

Here is the minimal set of policies to be used as part of this role:

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Action": [ "route53:ListResourceRecordSets", "route53:ChangeResourceRecordSets" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:route53:::hostedzone/*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": ["logs:CreateLogStream", "logs:PutLogEvents"], "Effect": "Allow", "Resource": "arn:aws:logs:<REGION>:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:log-group:/aws/lambda/pcluster-*" }, { "Action": "ec2:DescribeInstances", "Effect": "Allow", "Resource": "*" }, { "Action": "ec2:TerminateInstances", "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "ec2:ResourceTag/parallelcluster:node-type": "Compute" } }, "Effect": "Allow", "Resource": "*" }, { "Action": [ "s3:DeleteObject", "s3:DeleteObjectVersion", "s3:ListBucket", "s3:ListBucketVersions" ], "Effect": "Allow", "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::parallelcluster-*-v1-do-not-delete", "arn:aws:s3:::parallelcluster-*-v1-do-not-delete/*" ] } ] }

Compute nodes IAM role

Scheduling / SlurmQueues / Iam / InstanceRole | InstanceProfile

This option allows to override the IAM role that is assigned to the compute nodes of the cluster. For more information, see InstanceProfile.

Here is the minimal set of policies to be used as part of this role:

  • arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/CloudWatchAgentServerPolicy managed IAM policy. For more information, see Create IAM roles and users for use with the CloudWatch agent in the Amazon CloudWatch User Guide.

  • arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/AmazonSSMManagedInstanceCore managed IAM policy. For more information, see AWS managed policies for AWS Systems Manager in the AWS Systems Manager User Guide.

  • Additional IAM policy:

    { "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Action": [ "dynamodb:Query" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:dynamodb:<REGION>:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:table/parallelcluster-*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": "s3:GetObject", "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::<REGION>-aws-parallelcluster/*" ], "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": "ec2:DescribeInstanceAttribute", "Resource": "*", "Effect": "Allow" } ] }

Permissions boundary

Iam / PermissionsBoundary

This parameter forces AWS ParallelCluster to attach the given IAM policy as a PermissionsBoundary to all IAM roles that are created as part of a cluster deployment.

See PermissionsBoundary mode for the list of policies required by the user when this setting is defined.

Custom Image configuration

Instance role for EC2 Image Builder

Build / Iam / InstanceRole | InstanceProfile

With this option you override the IAM role that is assigned to the EC2 instance launched by EC2 Image Builder to create a custom AMI.

Here is the minimal set of policies to be used as part of this role:

  • arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/AmazonSSMManagedInstanceCore managed IAM policy. For more information, see AWS managed policies for AWS Systems Manager in the AWS Systems Manager User Guide.

  • arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/EC2InstanceProfileForImageBuilder managed IAM policy. For more information, see EC2InstanceProfileForImageBuilder policy in the Image Builder User Guide.

  • Additional IAM policy:

    { "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Action": [ "ec2:CreateTags", "ec2:ModifyImageAttribute" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:ec2:<REGION>::image/*", "Effect": "Allow" } ] }

AWS Lambda cleanup role

Build / Iam / CleanupLambdaRole

This option overrides the role attached to all AWS Lambda functions that are used during the custom image build process. AWS Lambda needs to be configured as the principal allowed to assume the role.

Note

If DeploymentSettings / LambdaFunctionsVpcConfig is set, the CleanupLambdaRole must include the AWS Lambda role permission to set the VPC configuration.

Here is the minimal set of policies to be used as part of this role:

  • arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/service-role/AWSLambdaBasicExecutionRole managed IAM policy. For more information, see AWS managed policies for Lambda features in the AWS Lambda Developer Guide.

  • Additional IAM policy:

    { "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Action": [ "iam:DetachRolePolicy", "iam:DeleteRole", "iam:DeleteRolePolicy" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:role/parallelcluster/*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": [ "iam:DeleteInstanceProfile", "iam:RemoveRoleFromInstanceProfile" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:iam::<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:instance-profile/parallelcluster/*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": "imagebuilder:DeleteInfrastructureConfiguration", "Resource": "arn:aws:imagebuilder:<REGION>:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:infrastructure-configuration/parallelclusterimage-*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": [ "imagebuilder:DeleteComponent" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:imagebuilder:<REGION>:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:component/parallelclusterimage-*/*" ], "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": "imagebuilder:DeleteImageRecipe", "Resource": "arn:aws:imagebuilder:<REGION>:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:image-recipe/parallelclusterimage-*/*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": "imagebuilder:DeleteDistributionConfiguration", "Resource": "arn:aws:imagebuilder:<REGION>:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:distribution-configuration/parallelclusterimage-*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": [ "imagebuilder:DeleteImage", "imagebuilder:GetImage", "imagebuilder:CancelImageCreation" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:imagebuilder:<REGION>:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:image/parallelclusterimage-*/*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": "cloudformation:DeleteStack", "Resource": "arn:aws:cloudformation:<REGION>:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:stack/*/*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": "ec2:CreateTags", "Resource": "arn:aws:ec2:<REGION>::image/*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": "tag:TagResources", "Resource": "*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": [ "lambda:DeleteFunction", "lambda:RemovePermission" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:lambda:<REGION>:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:function:ParallelClusterImage-*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": "logs:DeleteLogGroup", "Resource": "arn:aws:logs:<REGION>:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:log-group:/aws/lambda/ParallelClusterImage-*:*", "Effect": "Allow" }, { "Action": [ "SNS:GetTopicAttributes", "SNS:DeleteTopic", "SNS:GetSubscriptionAttributes", "SNS:Unsubscribe" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:sns:<REGION>:<AWS ACCOUNT ID>:ParallelClusterImage-*", "Effect": "Allow" } ] }

Additional IAM policies

Build / Iam / AdditionalIamPolicies

You use this option to attach additional managed IAM policies to the role associated with the EC2 instance used by EC2 Image Builder to produce the custom AMI.

Warning

To use this option, make sure the AWS ParallelClusteruser is granted iam:AttachRolePolicy and iam:DetachRolePolicy permissions for the IAM policies that need to be attached.

Permissions boundary

Build / Iam / PermissionsBoundary

This parameter forces AWS ParallelCluster to attach the given IAM policy as a PermissionsBoundary to all IAM roles that are created as part of custom AMI build.

See PermissionsBoundary mode for the list of policies required to use such functionality.