AWS Tools for Windows PowerShell
Command Reference

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Synopsis

Calls the AWS Key Management Service CreateGrant API operation.

Syntax

New-KMSGrant
-Constraints_EncryptionContextEqual <Hashtable>
-Constraints_EncryptionContextSubset <Hashtable>
-GranteePrincipal <String>
-GrantToken <String[]>
-KeyId <String>
-Name <String>
-Operation <String[]>
-RetiringPrincipal <String>
-Select <String>
-Force <SwitchParameter>

Description

Adds a grant to a KMS key. A grant is a policy instrument that allows Amazon Web Services principals to use KMS keys in cryptographic operations. It also can allow them to view a KMS key (DescribeKey) and create and manage grants. When authorizing access to a KMS key, grants are considered along with key policies and IAM policies. Grants are often used for temporary permissions because you can create one, use its permissions, and delete it without changing your key policies or IAM policies. For detailed information about grants, including grant terminology, see Using grants in the Key Management Service Developer Guide. For examples of working with grants in several programming languages, see Programming grants. The CreateGrant operation returns a GrantToken and a GrantId.
  • When you create, retire, or revoke a grant, there might be a brief delay, usually less than five minutes, until the grant is available throughout KMS. This state is known as eventual consistency. Once the grant has achieved eventual consistency, the grantee principal can use the permissions in the grant without identifying the grant. However, to use the permissions in the grant immediately, use the GrantToken that CreateGrant returns. For details, see Using a grant token in the Key Management Service Developer Guide.
  • The CreateGrant operation also returns a GrantId. You can use the GrantId and a key identifier to identify the grant in the RetireGrant and RevokeGrant operations. To find the grant ID, use the ListGrants or ListRetirableGrants operations.
The KMS key that you use for this operation must be in a compatible key state. For details, see Key state: Effect on your KMS key in the Key Management Service Developer Guide. Cross-account use: Yes. To perform this operation on a KMS key in a different Amazon Web Services account, specify the key ARN in the value of the KeyId parameter. Required permissions: kms:CreateGrant (key policy) Related operations:

Parameters

-Constraints_EncryptionContextEqual <Hashtable>
A list of key-value pairs that must match the encryption context in the cryptographic operation request. The grant allows the operation only when the encryption context in the request is the same as the encryption context specified in this constraint.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?True (ByPropertyName)
AliasesConstraints_EncryptionContextEquals
-Constraints_EncryptionContextSubset <Hashtable>
A list of key-value pairs that must be included in the encryption context of the cryptographic operation request. The grant allows the cryptographic operation only when the encryption context in the request includes the key-value pairs specified in this constraint, although it can include additional key-value pairs.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?True (ByPropertyName)
This parameter overrides confirmation prompts to force the cmdlet to continue its operation. This parameter should always be used with caution.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?True (ByPropertyName)
-GranteePrincipal <String>
The identity that gets the permissions specified in the grant.To specify the principal, use the Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of an Amazon Web Services principal. Valid Amazon Web Services principals include Amazon Web Services accounts (root), IAM users, IAM roles, federated users, and assumed role users. For examples of the ARN syntax to use for specifying a principal, see Amazon Web Services Identity and Access Management (IAM) in the Example ARNs section of the Amazon Web Services General Reference.
Required?True
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?True (ByPropertyName)
-GrantToken <String[]>
A list of grant tokens. Use a grant token when your permission to call this operation comes from a new grant that has not yet achieved eventual consistency. For more information, see Grant token and Using a grant token in the Key Management Service Developer Guide.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?True (ByPropertyName)
AliasesGrantTokens
-KeyId <String>
Identifies the KMS key for the grant. The grant gives principals permission to use this KMS key.Specify the key ID or key ARN of the KMS key. To specify a KMS key in a different Amazon Web Services account, you must use the key ARN.For example:
  • Key ID: 1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab
  • Key ARN: arn:aws:kms:us-east-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab
To get the key ID and key ARN for a KMS key, use ListKeys or DescribeKey.
Required?True
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?True (ByPropertyName)
-Name <String>
A friendly name for the grant. Use this value to prevent the unintended creation of duplicate grants when retrying this request.When this value is absent, all CreateGrant requests result in a new grant with a unique GrantId even if all the supplied parameters are identical. This can result in unintended duplicates when you retry the CreateGrant request.When this value is present, you can retry a CreateGrant request with identical parameters; if the grant already exists, the original GrantId is returned without creating a new grant. Note that the returned grant token is unique with every CreateGrant request, even when a duplicate GrantId is returned. All grant tokens for the same grant ID can be used interchangeably.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?True (ByPropertyName)
-Operation <String[]>
A list of operations that the grant permits. The operation must be supported on the KMS key. For example, you cannot create a grant for a symmetric KMS key that allows the Sign operation, or a grant for an asymmetric KMS key that allows the GenerateDataKey operation. If you try, KMS returns a ValidationError exception. For details, see Grant operations in the Key Management Service Developer Guide.
Required?True
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?True (ByPropertyName)
AliasesOperations
-RetiringPrincipal <String>
The principal that has permission to use the RetireGrant operation to retire the grant. To specify the principal, use the Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of an Amazon Web Services principal. Valid Amazon Web Services principals include Amazon Web Services accounts (root), IAM users, federated users, and assumed role users. For examples of the ARN syntax to use for specifying a principal, see Amazon Web Services Identity and Access Management (IAM) in the Example ARNs section of the Amazon Web Services General Reference.The grant determines the retiring principal. Other principals might have permission to retire the grant or revoke the grant. For details, see RevokeGrant and Retiring and revoking grants in the Key Management Service Developer Guide.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?True (ByPropertyName)
-Select <String>
Use the -Select parameter to control the cmdlet output. The default value is '*'. Specifying -Select '*' will result in the cmdlet returning the whole service response (Amazon.KeyManagementService.Model.CreateGrantResponse). Specifying the name of a property of type Amazon.KeyManagementService.Model.CreateGrantResponse will result in that property being returned. Specifying -Select '^ParameterName' will result in the cmdlet returning the selected cmdlet parameter value.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?True (ByPropertyName)

Common Credential and Region Parameters

-AccessKey <String>
The AWS access key for the user account. This can be a temporary access key if the corresponding session token is supplied to the -SessionToken parameter.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?True (ByPropertyName)
AliasesAK
-Credential <AWSCredentials>
An AWSCredentials object instance containing access and secret key information, and optionally a token for session-based credentials.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?True (ByValue, ByPropertyName)
-EndpointUrl <String>
The endpoint to make the call against.Note: This parameter is primarily for internal AWS use and is not required/should not be specified for normal usage. The cmdlets normally determine which endpoint to call based on the region specified to the -Region parameter or set as default in the shell (via Set-DefaultAWSRegion). Only specify this parameter if you must direct the call to a specific custom endpoint.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?True (ByPropertyName)
-NetworkCredential <PSCredential>
Used with SAML-based authentication when ProfileName references a SAML role profile. Contains the network credentials to be supplied during authentication with the configured identity provider's endpoint. This parameter is not required if the user's default network identity can or should be used during authentication.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?True (ByValue, ByPropertyName)
-ProfileLocation <String>
Used to specify the name and location of the ini-format credential file (shared with the AWS CLI and other AWS SDKs)If this optional parameter is omitted this cmdlet will search the encrypted credential file used by the AWS SDK for .NET and AWS Toolkit for Visual Studio first. If the profile is not found then the cmdlet will search in the ini-format credential file at the default location: (user's home directory)\.aws\credentials.If this parameter is specified then this cmdlet will only search the ini-format credential file at the location given.As the current folder can vary in a shell or during script execution it is advised that you use specify a fully qualified path instead of a relative path.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?True (ByPropertyName)
AliasesAWSProfilesLocation, ProfilesLocation
-ProfileName <String>
The user-defined name of an AWS credentials or SAML-based role profile containing credential information. The profile is expected to be found in the secure credential file shared with the AWS SDK for .NET and AWS Toolkit for Visual Studio. You can also specify the name of a profile stored in the .ini-format credential file used with the AWS CLI and other AWS SDKs.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?True (ByPropertyName)
AliasesStoredCredentials, AWSProfileName
-Region <Object>
The system name of an AWS region or an AWSRegion instance. This governs the endpoint that will be used when calling service operations. Note that the AWS resources referenced in a call are usually region-specific.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?True (ByPropertyName)
AliasesRegionToCall
-SecretKey <String>
The AWS secret key for the user account. This can be a temporary secret key if the corresponding session token is supplied to the -SessionToken parameter.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?True (ByPropertyName)
AliasesSK, SecretAccessKey
-SessionToken <String>
The session token if the access and secret keys are temporary session-based credentials.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?True (ByPropertyName)
AliasesST

Outputs

This cmdlet returns an Amazon.KeyManagementService.Model.CreateGrantResponse object containing multiple properties. The object can also be referenced from properties attached to the cmdlet entry in the $AWSHistory stack.

Supported Version

AWS Tools for PowerShell: 2.x.y.z