Amazon SageMaker controls - AWS Security Hub

Amazon SageMaker controls

These controls are related to SageMaker resources.

These controls may not be available in all AWS Regions. For more information, see Availability of controls by Region.

[SageMaker.1] Amazon SageMaker notebook instances should not have direct internet access

Related requirements: PCI DSS v3.2.1/1.2.1, PCI DSS v3.2.1/1.3.1, PCI DSS v3.2.1/1.3.2, PCI DSS v3.2.1/1.3.4, PCI DSS v3.2.1/1.3.6, NIST.800-53.r5 AC-21, NIST.800-53.r5 AC-3, NIST.800-53.r5 AC-3(7), NIST.800-53.r5 AC-4, NIST.800-53.r5 AC-4(21), NIST.800-53.r5 AC-6, NIST.800-53.r5 SC-7, NIST.800-53.r5 SC-7(11), NIST.800-53.r5 SC-7(16), NIST.800-53.r5 SC-7(20), NIST.800-53.r5 SC-7(21), NIST.800-53.r5 SC-7(3), NIST.800-53.r5 SC-7(4), NIST.800-53.r5 SC-7(9)

Category: Protect > Secure network configuration

Severity: High

Resource type: AWS::SageMaker::NotebookInstance

AWS Config rule: sagemaker-notebook-no-direct-internet-access

Schedule type: Periodic

Parameters: None

This control checks whether direct internet access is disabled for an SageMaker notebook instance. The control fails if the DirectInternetAccess field is enabled for the notebook instance.

If you configure your SageMaker instance without a VPC, then by default direct internet access is enabled on your instance. You should configure your instance with a VPC and change the default setting to Disable—Access the internet through a VPC. To train or host models from a notebook, you need internet access. To enable internet access, your VPC must have either an interface endpoint (AWS PrivateLink) or a NAT gateway and a security group that allows outbound connections. To learn more about how to connect a notebook instance to resources in a VPC, see Connect a notebook instance to resources in a VPC in the Amazon SageMaker Developer Guide. You should also ensure that access to your SageMaker configuration is limited to only authorized users. Restrict IAM permissions that permit users to change SageMaker settings and resources.

Remediation

You can't change the internet access setting after creating a notebook instance. Instead, you can stop, delete, and recreate the instance with blocked internet access. To delete a notebook instance that permits direct internet access, see Use notebook instances to build models: Clean up in the Amazon SageMaker Developer Guide. To recreate a notebook instance that denies internet access, see Create a notebook instance. For Network, Direct internet access, choose Disable—Access the internet through a VPC.

[SageMaker.2] SageMaker notebook instances should be launched in a custom VPC

Related requirements: NIST.800-53.r5 AC-21, NIST.800-53.r5 AC-3, NIST.800-53.r5 AC-3(7), NIST.800-53.r5 AC-4, NIST.800-53.r5 AC-4(21), NIST.800-53.r5 AC-6, NIST.800-53.r5 SC-7, NIST.800-53.r5 SC-7(11), NIST.800-53.r5 SC-7(16), NIST.800-53.r5 SC-7(20), NIST.800-53.r5 SC-7(21), NIST.800-53.r5 SC-7(3), NIST.800-53.r5 SC-7(4), NIST.800-53.r5 SC-7(9)

Category: Protect > Secure network configuration > Resources within VPC

Severity: High

Resource type: AWS::SageMaker::NotebookInstance

AWS Config rule: sagemaker-notebook-instance-inside-vpc

Schedule type: Change triggered

Parameters: None

This control checks if an Amazon SageMaker notebook instance is launched within a custom virtual private cloud (VPC). This control fails if a SageMaker notebook instance is not launched within a custom VPC or if it is launched in the SageMaker service VPC.

Subnets are a range of IP addresses within a VPC. We recommend keeping your resources inside a custom VPC whenever possible to ensure secure network protection of your infrastructure. An Amazon VPC is a virtual network dedicated to your AWS account. With an Amazon VPC, you can control the network access and internet connectivity of your SageMaker Studio and notebook instances.

Remediation

You can't change the VPC setting after creating a notebook instance. Instead, you can stop, delete, and recreate the instance. For instructions, see Use notebook instances to build models: Clean up in the Amazon SageMaker Developer Guide.

[SageMaker.3] Users should not have root access to SageMaker notebook instances

Related requirements: NIST.800-53.r5 AC-2(1), NIST.800-53.r5 AC-3(15), NIST.800-53.r5 AC-3(7), NIST.800-53.r5 AC-6, NIST.800-53.r5 AC-6(10), NIST.800-53.r5 AC-6(2)

Category: Protect > Secure access management > Root user access restrictions

Severity: High

Resource type: AWS::SageMaker::NotebookInstance

AWS Config rule: sagemaker-notebook-instance-root-access-check

Schedule type: Change triggered

Parameters: None

This control checks whether root access is turned on for an Amazon SageMaker notebook instance. The control fails if root access is turned on for a SageMaker notebook instance.

In adherence to the principal of least privilege, it is a recommended security best practice to restrict root access to instance resources to avoid unintentionally over provisioning permissions.

Remediation

To restrict root access to SageMaker notebook instances, see Control root access to a SageMaker notebook instance in the Amazon SageMaker Developer Guide.