AWS Step Functions
Developer Guide

Input and Output Processing in Step Functions

A Step Functions execution receives a JSON file as input and passes that input to the first state in the workflow. Individual states receive JSON as input and usually pass JSON as output to the next state. Understanding how this information flows from state to state, and learning how to filter and manipulate this data, is key to effectively designing and implementing workflows in AWS Step Functions.

In the Amazon States Language, three components filter and control the flow of JSON from state to state:

  • InputPath

  • OutputPath

  • ResultPath

The following diagram shows how JSON information moves through a task state. InputPath selects which components from the input to pass to the task of the Task state (for example, an AWS Lambda function). ResultPath then selects what combination of the state input and the task result to pass to the output. OutputPath can filter the JSON output to further limit the information that is passed to the output.

      Input and output processing

InputPath, OutputPath, and ResultPath each use paths to manipulate JSON as it moves through each state in your workflow. A path is a string, beginning with $, that identifies components within JSON text. Step Functions paths use JsonPath syntax.


ResultPath is limited to using reference paths, which limit scope so that it can identify only a single node in JSON. See Reference Paths in the Amazon States Language.