Paths - AWS Step Functions


In the Amazon States Language, a path is a string beginning with $ that you can use to identify components within JSON text. Paths follow JsonPath syntax. You can specify a path to access subsets of the input when specifying values for InputPath, ResultPath, and OutputPath. For more information see Input and Output Processing in Step Functions.


You can also specify a JSON node of the input or the context object by using paths within the "Parameters" field of a state definition. See Pass Parameters to a Service API.

Reference Paths

A reference path is a path whose syntax is limited in such a way that it can identify only a single node in a JSON structure:

  • You can access object fields using only dot (.) and square bracket ([ ]) notation.

  • The operators @ .. , : ? * aren't supported.

  • Functions such as length() aren't supported.

For example, if state input data contains the following values:

{ "foo": 123, "bar": ["a", "b", "c"], "car": { "cdr": true } }

The following reference paths would return the following.

$.foo => 123 $.bar => ["a", "b", "c"] $.car.cdr => true

Certain states use paths and reference paths to control the flow of a state machine or configure a state's settings or options.