Amazon Simple Storage Service
API Reference (API Version 2006-03-01)
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GET Bucket Object versions

Description

You can use the versions subresource to list metadata about all of the versions of objects in a bucket. You can also use request parameters as selection criteria to return metadata about a subset of all the object versions. For more information, see Request Parameters.

To use this operation, you must have READ access to the bucket.

Requests

Syntax

GET /?versions HTTP/1.1
Host: BucketName.s3.amazonaws.com
Date: date
Authorization: authorization string (see Authenticating Requests (AWS Signature Version 4))

Request Parameters

This implementation of GET uses the parameters in the following table to return a subset of the objects in a bucket.

ParameterDescriptionRequired
delimiter

A delimiter is a character that you specify to group keys. All keys that contain the same string between the prefix and the first occurrence of the delimiter are grouped under a single result element in CommonPrefixes. These groups are counted as one result against the max-keys limitation. These keys are not returned elsewhere in the response. Also, see prefix.

Type: String

Default: None

No
encoding-type

Requests Amazon S3 to encode the response and specifies the encoding method to use.

An object key can contain any Unicode character; however, XML 1.0 parser cannot parse some characters, such as characters with an ASCII value from 0 to 10. For characters that are not supported in XML 1.0, you can add this parameter to request that Amazon S3 encode the keys in the response.

Type: String

Default: None

Valid value: url

No
key-marker

Specifies the key in the bucket that you want to start listing from. Also, see version-id-marker.

Type: String

Default: None

No
max-keys

Sets the maximum number of keys returned in the response body. The response might contain fewer keys, but will never contain more. If additional keys satisfy the search criteria, but were not returned because max-keys was exceeded, the response contains <isTruncated>true</isTruncated>. To return the additional keys, see key-marker and version-id-marker.

Type: String

Default: 1000

No
prefix

Use this parameter to select only those keys that begin with the specified prefix. You can use prefixes to separate a bucket into different groupings of keys. (You can think of using prefix to make groups in the same way you'd use a folder in a file system.) You can use prefix with delimiter to roll up numerous objects into a single result under CommonPrefixes. Also, see delimiter.

Type: String

Default: None

No
version-id-marker

Specifies the object version you want to start listing from. Also, see key-marker.

Type: String

Default: None

Valid Values: Valid version ID | Default

Constraint: May not be an empty string

No

Request Headers

This implementation of the operation uses only request headers that are common to all operations. For more information, see Common Request Headers.

Responses

Response Headers

This implementation of the operation uses only response headers that are common to most responses. For more information, see Common Response Headers.

Response Elements

Name Description
DeleteMarker

Container for an object that is a delete marker.

Type: Container

Children: Key, VersionId, IsLatest, LastModified, Owner

Ancestor: ListVersionsResult

DisplayName

Object owner's name.

Type: String

Ancestor: ListVersionsResult.Version.Owner | ListVersionsResult.DeleteMarker.Owner

Encoding-Type

Encoding type used by Amazon S3 to encode object key names in the XML response.

If you specify encoding-type request parameter, Amazon S3 includes this element in the response, and returns encoded key name values in the following response elements:

KeyMarker, NextKeyMarker, Prefix, Key, and Delimiter.

Type: String

Ancestor: ListBucketResult

ETag

The entity tag is an MD5 hash of the object. The ETag only reflects changes to the contents of an object, not its metadata.

Type: String

Ancestor: ListVersionsResult.Version

ID

Object owner's ID.

Type: String

Ancestor: ListVersionsResult.Version.Owner | ListVersionsResult.DeleteMarker.Owner

IsLatest

Specifies whether the object is (true) or is not (false) the current version of an object.

Type: Boolean

Valid Values: true | false

Ancestor: ListVersionsResult.Version | ListVersionsResult.DeleteMarker

IsTruncated

A flag that indicates whether (true) or not (false) Amazon S3 returned all of the results that satisfied the search criteria. If your results were truncated, you can make a follow-up paginated request using the NextKeyMarker and NextVersionIdMarker response parameters as a starting place in another request to return the rest of the results.

Type: Boolean

Valid Values: true | false

Ancestor: ListVersionsResult

Key

The object's key.

Type: String

Ancestor: ListVersionsResult.Version | ListVersionsResult.DeleteMarker

KeyMarker

Marks the last Key returned in a truncated response.

Type: String

Ancestor: ListVersionsResult

LastModified

Date and time the object was last modified.

Type: Date

Ancestor: ListVersionsResult.Version | ListVersionsResult.DeleteMarker

ListVersionsResult

Container for the result.

Type: Container

Children: All elements in the response

Ancestor: ListVersionsResult

MaxKeys

Specifies the maximum number of objects to return.

Type: String

Default: 1000

Valid Values: Integers from 1 to 1000, inclusive

Ancestor: ListVersionsResult

Name

Bucket owner's name.

Type: String

Ancestor: ListVersionsResult

NextKeyMarker

When the number of responses exceeds the value of MaxKeys, NextKeyMarker specifies the first key not returned that satisfies the search criteria. Use this value for the key-marker request parameter in a subsequent request.

Type: String

Ancestor: ListVersionsResult

NextVersionIdMarker

When the number of responses exceeds the value of MaxKeys, NextVersionIdMarker specifies the first object version not returned that satisfies the search criteria. Use this value for the version-id-marker request parameter in a subsequent request.

Type: String

Ancestor: ListVersionsResult

Owner

Bucket owner.

Type: String

Children: DisplayName, ID

Ancestor: ListVersionsResult.Version | ListVersionsResult.DeleteMarker

Prefix

Selects objects that start with the value supplied by this parameter.

Type: String

Ancestor: ListVersionsResult

Size

Size in bytes of the object.

Type: String

Ancestor: ListVersionsResult.Version

StorageClass

Always STANDARD.

Type: String

Ancestor: ListVersionsResult.Version

Version

Container for version information.

Type: Container

Ancestor: ListVersionsResult

VersionId

Version ID of an object

Type: String

Ancestor: ListVersionsResult.Version | ListVersionsResult.DeleteMarker

VersionIdMarker

Marks the last version of the Key returned in a truncated response.

Type: String

Ancestor: ListVersionsResult

Special Errors

This implementation of the operation does not return special errors. For general information about Amazon S3 errors and a list of error codes, see Error Responses.

Examples

Sample Request

The following request returns all of the versions of all of the objects in the specified bucket.

GET /?versions HTTP/1.1
Host: BucketName.s3.amazonaws.com
Date: Wed, 28 Oct 2009 22:32:00 +0000
Authorization: authorization string (see Authenticating Requests (AWS Signature Version 4))

Sample Response to GET Versions

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<ListVersionsResult xmlns="http://s3.amazonaws.com/doc/2006-03-01">
    <Name>bucket</Name>
    <Prefix>my</Prefix>
    <KeyMarker/>
    <VersionIdMarker/>
    <MaxKeys>5</MaxKeys>
    <IsTruncated>false</IsTruncated>
    <Version>
        <Key>my-image.jpg</Key>
        <VersionId>3/L4kqtJl40Nr8X8gdRQBpUMLUo</VersionId>
        <IsLatest>true</IsLatest>
         <LastModified>2009-10-12T17:50:30.000Z</LastModified>
        <ETag>&quot;fba9dede5f27731c9771645a39863328&quot;</ETag>
        <Size>434234</Size>
        <StorageClass>STANDARD</StorageClass>
        <Owner>
            <ID>75aa57f09aa0c8caeab4f8c24e99d10f8e7faeebf76c078efc7c6caea54ba06a</ID>
            <DisplayName>mtd@amazon.com</DisplayName>
        </Owner>
    </Version>
    <DeleteMarker>
        <Key>my-second-image.jpg</Key>
        <VersionId>03jpff543dhffds434rfdsFDN943fdsFkdmqnh892</VersionId>
        <IsLatest>true</IsLatest>
        <LastModified>2009-11-12T17:50:30.000Z</LastModified>
        <Owner>
            <ID>75aa57f09aa0c8caeab4f8c24e99d10f8e7faeebf76c078efc7c6caea54ba06a</ID>
            <DisplayName>mtd@amazon.com</DisplayName>
        </Owner>    
    </DeleteMarker>
    <Version>
        <Key>my-second-image.jpg</Key>
        <VersionId>QUpfdndhfd8438MNFDN93jdnJFkdmqnh893</VersionId>
        <IsLatest>false</IsLatest>
        <LastModified>2009-10-10T17:50:30.000Z</LastModified>
        <ETag>&quot;9b2cf535f27731c974343645a3985328&quot;</ETag>
        <Size>166434</Size>
        <StorageClass>STANDARD</StorageClass>
        <Owner>
            <ID>75aa57f09aa0c8caeab4f8c24e99d10f8e7faeebf76c078efc7c6caea54ba06a</ID>
            <DisplayName>mtd@amazon.com</DisplayName>
        </Owner>
    </Version>
    <DeleteMarker>
        <Key>my-third-image.jpg</Key>
        <VersionId>03jpff543dhffds434rfdsFDN943fdsFkdmqnh892</VersionId>
        <IsLatest>true</IsLatest>
        <LastModified>2009-10-15T17:50:30.000Z</LastModified>
        <Owner>
            <ID>75aa57f09aa0c8caeab4f8c24e99d10f8e7faeebf76c078efc7c6caea54ba06a</ID>
            <DisplayName>mtd@amazon.com</DisplayName>
        </Owner>    
    </DeleteMarker>   
    <Version>
        <Key>my-third-image.jpg</Key>
        <VersionId>UIORUnfndfhnw89493jJFJ</VersionId>
        <IsLatest>false</IsLatest>
        <LastModified>2009-10-11T12:50:30.000Z</LastModified>
        <ETag>&quot;772cf535f27731c974343645a3985328&quot;</ETag>
        <Size>64</Size>
        <StorageClass>STANDARD</StorageClass>
        <Owner>
            <ID>75aa57f09aa0c8caeab4f8c24e99d10f8e7faeebf76c078efc7c6caea54ba06a</ID>
            <DisplayName>mtd@amazon.com</DisplayName>
        </Owner>
     </Version>
</ListVersionsResult>

Sample Request

The following request returns objects in the order they were stored, returning the most recently stored object first starting with the value for key-marker.

GET /?versions&key-marker=key2 HTTP/1.1
Host: s3.amazonaws.com
Pragma: no-cache
Accept: image/gif, image/x-xbitmap, image/jpeg, image/pjpeg, */*
Date: Thu, 10 Dec 2009 22:46:32 +0000
Authorization: signatureValue

Sample Response

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<ListVersionsResult xmlns="http://s3.amazonaws.com/doc/2006-03-01/">
  <Name>mtp-versioning-fresh</Name>
  <Prefix/>
  <KeyMarker>key2</KeyMarker>
  <VersionIdMarker/>
  <MaxKeys>1000</MaxKeys>
  <IsTruncated>false</IsTruncated>
  <Version>
    <Key>key3</Key>
    <VersionId>I5VhmK6CDDdQ5Pwfe1gcHZWmHDpcv7gfmfc29UBxsKU.</VersionId>
    <IsLatest>true</IsLatest>
    <LastModified>2009-12-09T00:19:04.000Z</LastModified>
    <ETag>&quot;396fefef536d5ce46c7537ecf978a360&quot;</ETag>
    <Size>217</Size>
    <Owner>
      <ID>75aa57f09aa0c8caeab4f8c24e99d10f8e7faeebf76c078efc7c6caea54ba06a</ID>
    </Owner>
    <StorageClass>STANDARD</StorageClass>
  </Version>
  <DeleteMarker>
    <Key>sourcekey</Key>
    <VersionId>qDhprLU80sAlCFLu2DWgXAEDgKzWarn-HS_JU0TvYqs.</VersionId>
    <IsLatest>true</IsLatest>
    <LastModified>2009-12-10T16:38:11.000Z</LastModified>
    <Owner>
      <ID>75aa57f09aa0c8caeab4f8c24e99d10f8e7faeebf76c078efc7c6caea54ba06a</ID>
    </Owner>
  </DeleteMarker>
  <Version>
    <Key>sourcekey</Key>
    <VersionId>wxxQ7ezLaL5JN2Sislq66Syxxo0k7uHTUpb9qiiMxNg.</VersionId>
    <IsLatest>false</IsLatest>
    <LastModified>2009-12-10T16:37:44.000Z</LastModified>
    <ETag>&quot;396fefef536d5ce46c7537ecf978a360&quot;</ETag>
    <Size>217</Size>
    <Owner>
      <ID>75aa57f09aa0c8caeab4f8c24e99d10f8e7faeebf76c078efc7c6caea54ba06a</ID>
    </Owner>
    <StorageClass>STANDARD</StorageClass>
  </Version>
</ListVersionsResult>

Sample Request Using prefix

This example returns objects whose keys begin with source.

GET /?versions&prefix=source HTTP/1.1
Host: bucket.s3.amazonaws.com
Date: Wed, 28 Oct 2009 22:32:00 +0000
Authorization: authorization string

Sample Response

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<ListVersionsResult xmlns="http://s3.amazonaws.com/doc/2006-03-01/">
  <Name>mtp-versioning-fresh</Name>
  <Prefix>source</Prefix>
  <KeyMarker/>
  <VersionIdMarker/>
  <MaxKeys>1000</MaxKeys>
  <IsTruncated>false</IsTruncated>
  <DeleteMarker>
    <Key>sourcekey</Key>
    <VersionId>qDhprLU80sAlCFLu2DWgXAEDgKzWarn-HS_JU0TvYqs.</VersionId>
    <IsLatest>true</IsLatest>
    <LastModified>2009-12-10T16:38:11.000Z</LastModified>
    <Owner>
      <ID>75aa57f09aa0c8caeab4f8c24e99d10f8e7faeebf76c078efc7c6caea54ba06a</ID>
    </Owner>
  </DeleteMarker>
  <Version>
    <Key>sourcekey</Key>
    <VersionId>wxxQ7ezLaL5JN2Sislq66Syxxo0k7uHTUpb9qiiMxNg.</VersionId>
    <IsLatest>false</IsLatest>
    <LastModified>2009-12-10T16:37:44.000Z</LastModified>
    <ETag>&quot;396fefef536d5ce46c7537ecf978a360&quot;</ETag>
    <Size>217</Size>
    <Owner>
      <ID>75aa57f09aa0c8caeab4f8c24e99d10f8e7faeebf76c078efc7c6caea54ba06a</ID>
    </Owner>
    <StorageClass>STANDARD</StorageClass>
  </Version>
</ListVersionsResult>

Sample Request Using key-marker and version-id-marker Parameters

The following example returns objects starting at the specified key (key-marker) and version ID (version-id-marker).

GET /?versions&key-marker=key3&version-id-marker=t46ZenlYTZBnj HTTP/1.1
Host: bucket.s3.amazonaws.com
Date: Wed, 28 Oct 2009 22:32:00 +0000
Authorization: signatureValue

Sample Response

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<ListVersionsResult xmlns="http://s3.amazonaws.com/doc/2006-03-01/">
  <Name>mtp-versioning-fresh</Name>
  <Prefix/>
  <KeyMarker>key3</KeyMarker>
  <VersionIdMarker>t46ZenlYTZBnj</VersionIdMarker>
  <MaxKeys>1000</MaxKeys>
  <IsTruncated>false</IsTruncated>
  <DeleteMarker>
    <Key>sourcekey</Key>
    <VersionId>qDhprLU80sAlCFLu2DWgXAEDgKzWarn-HS_JU0TvYqs.</VersionId>
    <IsLatest>true</IsLatest>
    <LastModified>2009-12-10T16:38:11.000Z</LastModified>
    <Owner>
      <ID>75aa57f09aa0c8caeab4f8c24e99d10f8e7faeebf76c078efc7c6caea54ba06a</ID>
    </Owner>
  </DeleteMarker>
  <Version>
    <Key>sourcekey</Key>
    <VersionId>wxxQ7ezLaL5JN2Sislq66Syxxo0k7uHTUpb9qiiMxNg.</VersionId>
    <IsLatest>false</IsLatest>
    <LastModified>2009-12-10T16:37:44.000Z</LastModified>
    <ETag>&quot;396fefef536d5ce46c7537ecf978a360&quot;</ETag>
    <Size>217</Size>
    <Owner>
      <ID>75aa57f09aa0c8caeab4f8c24e99d10f8e7faeebf76c078efc7c6caea54ba06a</ID>
    </Owner>
    <StorageClass>STANDARD</StorageClass>
  </Version>
</ListVersionsResult>

Sample Request Using key-marker, version-id-marker and max-keys

The following request returns up to three (the value of max-keys) objects starting with the key specified by key-marker and the version ID specified by version-id-marker.

GET /?versions&key-marker=key3&version-id-marker=t46Z0menlYTZBnj HTTP/1.1
Host: bucket.s3.amazonaws.com
Date: Wed, 28 Oct 2009 22:32:00 +0000
Authorization: authorization string

Sample Response

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<ListVersionsResult xmlns="http://s3.amazonaws.com/doc/2006-03-01/">
  <Name>mtp-versioning-fresh</Name>
  <Prefix/>
  <KeyMarker>key3</KeyMarker>
  <VersionIdMarker>null</VersionIdMarker>
  <NextKeyMarker>key3</NextKeyMarker>
  <NextVersionIdMarker>d-d309mfjFrUmoQ0DBsVqmcMV15OI.</NextVersionIdMarker>
  <MaxKeys>2</MaxKeys>
  <IsTruncated>true</IsTruncated>
  <Version>
    <Key>key3</Key>
    <VersionId>8XECiENpj8pydEDJdd-_VRrvaGKAHOaGMNW7tg6UViI.</VersionId>
    <IsLatest>false</IsLatest>
    <LastModified>2009-12-09T00:18:23.000Z</LastModified>
    <ETag>&quot;396fefef536d5ce46c7537ecf978a360&quot;</ETag>
    <Size>217</Size>
    <Owner>
      <ID>75aa57f09aa0c8caeab4f8c24e99d10f8e7faeebf76c078efc7c6caea54ba06a</ID>
    </Owner>
    <StorageClass>STANDARD</StorageClass>
  </Version>
  <Version>
    <Key>key3</Key>
    <VersionId>d-d309mfjFri40QYukDozqBt3UmoQ0DBsVqmcMV15OI.</VersionId>
    <IsLatest>false</IsLatest>
    <LastModified>2009-12-09T00:18:08.000Z</LastModified>
    <ETag>&quot;396fefef536d5ce46c7537ecf978a360&quot;</ETag>
    <Size>217</Size>
    <Owner>
      <ID>75aa57f09aa0c8caeab4f8c24e99d10f8e7faeebf76c078efc7c6caea54ba06a</ID>
    </Owner>
    <StorageClass>STANDARD</StorageClass>
  </Version>
</ListVersionsResult>

Sample Request Using the Delimiter and the Prefix Parameters

Assume you have the following keys in your bucket, example-bucket.

photos/2006/January/sample.jpg

photos/2006/February/sample.jpg

photos/2006/March/sample.jpg

videos/2006/March/sample.wmv

sample.jpg

The following GET versions request specifies the delimiter parameter with value "/".

GET /?versions&delimiter=/ HTTP/1.1
Host: example-bucket.s3.amazonaws.com
Date: Wed, 02 Feb 2011 20:34:56 GMT
Authorization: authorization string

The list of keys from the specified bucket are shown in the following response.

The response returns the sample.jpg key in a <Version> element. However, because all the other keys contain the specified delimiter, a distinct substring, from the beginning of the key to the first occurrence of the delimiter, from each of these keys is returned in a <CommonPrefixes> element. The key substrings, photos/ and videos/, in the <CommonPrefixes> element indicate that there are one or more keys with these key prefixes.

This is a useful scenario if you use key prefixes for your objects to create a logical folder like structure. In this case you can interpret the result as the folders photos/ and videos/ have one or more objects.

<ListVersionsResult xmlns="http://s3.amazonaws.com/doc/2006-03-01/">
  <Name>mvbucketwithversionon1</Name>
  <Prefix></Prefix>
  <KeyMarker></KeyMarker>
  <VersionIdMarker></VersionIdMarker>
  <MaxKeys>1000</MaxKeys>
  <Delimiter>/</Delimiter>
  <IsTruncated>false</IsTruncated>
  
  <Version>
    <Key>Sample.jpg</Key>
    <VersionId>toxMzQlBsGyGCz1YuMWMp90cdXLzqOCH</VersionId>
    <IsLatest>true</IsLatest>
    <LastModified>2011-02-02T18:46:20.000Z</LastModified>
    <ETag>&quot;3305f2cfc46c0f04559748bb039d69ae&quot;</ETag>
    <Size>3191</Size>
    <Owner>
      <ID>852b113e7a2f25102679df27bb0ae12b3f85be6f290b936c4393484be31bebcc</ID>
      <DisplayName>display-name</DisplayName>
    </Owner>
    <StorageClass>STANDARD</StorageClass>
  </Version>
 
  <CommonPrefixes>
    <Prefix>photos/</Prefix>
  </CommonPrefixes>
  <CommonPrefixes>
    <Prefix>videos/</Prefix>
  </CommonPrefixes>
</ListVersionsResult>

In addition to the delimiter parameter you can filter results by adding a prefix parameter as shown in the following request.

GET /?versions&prefix=photos/2006/&delimiter=/ HTTP/1.1
Host: example-bucket.s3.amazonaws.com
Date: Wed, 02 Feb 2011 19:34:02 GMT
Authorization: authorization string 

In this case the response will include only objects keys that start with the specified prefix. The value returned in the <CommonPrefixes> element is a substring from the beginning of the key to the first occurrence of the specified delimiter after the prefix.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<ListVersionsResult xmlns="http://s3.amazonaws.com/doc/2006-03-01/">
  <Name>example-bucket</Name>
  <Prefix>photos/2006/</Prefix>
  <KeyMarker></KeyMarker>
  <VersionIdMarker></VersionIdMarker>
  <MaxKeys>1000</MaxKeys>
  <Delimiter>/</Delimiter>
  <IsTruncated>false</IsTruncated>
  <Version>
    <Key>photos/2006/</Key>
    <VersionId>3U275dAA4gz8ZOqOPHtJCUOi60krpCdy</VersionId>
    <IsLatest>true</IsLatest>
    <LastModified>2011-02-02T18:47:27.000Z</LastModified>
    <ETag>&quot;d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e&quot;</ETag>
    <Size>0</Size>
    <Owner>
      <ID>75aa57f09aa0c8caeab4f8c24e99d10f8e7faeebf76c078efc7c6caea54ba06a</ID>
      <DisplayName>display-name</DisplayName>
    </Owner>
    <StorageClass>STANDARD</StorageClass>
  </Version>
  <CommonPrefixes>
    <Prefix>photos/2006/February/</Prefix>
  </CommonPrefixes>
  <CommonPrefixes>
    <Prefix>photos/2006/January/</Prefix>
  </CommonPrefixes>
  <CommonPrefixes>
    <Prefix>photos/2006/March/</Prefix>
  </CommonPrefixes>
</ListVersionsResult>