AWS Tools for Windows PowerShell
Command Reference

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Synopsis

Invokes the GenerateDataKey operation against AWS Key Management Service.

Syntax

New-KMSDataKey
-KeyId <String>
-EncryptionContext <Hashtable>
-GrantToken <String[]>
-KeySpec <DataKeySpec>
-NumberOfBytes <Int32>
-Force <SwitchParameter>

Description

Returns a data encryption key that you can use in your application to encrypt data locally. You must specify the customer master key (CMK) under which to generate the data key. You must also specify the length of the data key using either the KeySpec or NumberOfBytes field. You must specify one field or the other, but not both. For common key lengths (128-bit and 256-bit symmetric keys), we recommend that you use KeySpec. This operation returns a plaintext copy of the data key in the Plaintext field of the response, and an encrypted copy of the data key in the CiphertextBlob field. The data key is encrypted under the CMK specified in the KeyId field of the request. We recommend that you use the following pattern to encrypt data locally in your application:
  1. Use this operation (GenerateDataKey) to retrieve a data encryption key.
  2. Use the plaintext data encryption key (returned in the Plaintext field of the response) to encrypt data locally, then erase the plaintext data key from memory.
  3. Store the encrypted data key (returned in the CiphertextBlob field of the response) alongside the locally encrypted data.
To decrypt data locally:
  1. Use the Decrypt operation to decrypt the encrypted data key into a plaintext copy of the data key.
  2. Use the plaintext data key to decrypt data locally, then erase the plaintext data key from memory.
To return only an encrypted copy of the data key, use GenerateDataKeyWithoutPlaintext. To return a random byte string that is cryptographically secure, use GenerateRandom. If you use the optional EncryptionContext field, you must store at least enough information to be able to reconstruct the full encryption context when you later send the ciphertext to the Decrypt operation. It is a good practice to choose an encryption context that you can reconstruct on the fly to better secure the ciphertext. For more information, see Encryption Context in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.

Parameters

-EncryptionContext <Hashtable>
A set of key-value pairs that represents additional authenticated data.For more information, see Encryption Context in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?False
-Force <SwitchParameter>
This parameter overrides confirmation prompts to force the cmdlet to continue its operation. This parameter should always be used with caution.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?False
-GrantToken <String[]>
A list of grant tokens.For more information, see Grant Tokens in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?False
-KeyId <String>
The identifier of the CMK under which to generate and encrypt the data encryption key.A valid identifier is the unique key ID or the Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the CMK, or the alias name or ARN of an alias that refers to the CMK. Examples:
  • Unique key ID: 1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab
  • CMK ARN: arn:aws:kms:us-east-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab
  • Alias name: alias/ExampleAlias
  • Alias ARN: arn:aws:kms:us-east-2:111122223333:alias/ExampleAlias
Required?False
Position?1
Accept pipeline input?True (ByValue, )
-KeySpec <DataKeySpec>
The length of the data encryption key. Use AES_128 to generate a 128-bit symmetric key, or AES_256 to generate a 256-bit symmetric key.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?False
-NumberOfBytes <Int32>
The length of the data encryption key in bytes. For example, use the value 64 to generate a 512-bit data key (64 bytes is 512 bits). For common key lengths (128-bit and 256-bit symmetric keys), we recommend that you use the KeySpec field instead of this one.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?False

Common Credential and Region Parameters

-AccessKey <String>
The AWS access key for the user account. This can be a temporary access key if the corresponding session token is supplied to the -SessionToken parameter.
Required? False
Position? Named
Accept pipeline input? False
-Credential <AWSCredentials>
An AWSCredentials object instance containing access and secret key information, and optionally a token for session-based credentials.
Required? False
Position? Named
Accept pipeline input? False
-ProfileLocation <String>

Used to specify the name and location of the ini-format credential file (shared with the AWS CLI and other AWS SDKs)

If this optional parameter is omitted this cmdlet will search the encrypted credential file used by the AWS SDK for .NET and AWS Toolkit for Visual Studio first. If the profile is not found then the cmdlet will search in the ini-format credential file at the default location: (user's home directory)\.aws\credentials. Note that the encrypted credential file is not supported on all platforms. It will be skipped when searching for profiles on Windows Nano Server, Mac, and Linux platforms.

If this parameter is specified then this cmdlet will only search the ini-format credential file at the location given.

As the current folder can vary in a shell or during script execution it is advised that you use specify a fully qualified path instead of a relative path.

Required? False
Position? Named
Accept pipeline input? False
-ProfileName <String>
The user-defined name of an AWS credentials or SAML-based role profile containing credential information. The profile is expected to be found in the secure credential file shared with the AWS SDK for .NET and AWS Toolkit for Visual Studio. You can also specify the name of a profile stored in the .ini-format credential file used with the AWS CLI and other AWS SDKs.
Required? False
Position? Named
Accept pipeline input? False
-NetworkCredential <PSCredential>
Used with SAML-based authentication when ProfileName references a SAML role profile. Contains the network credentials to be supplied during authentication with the configured identity provider's endpoint. This parameter is not required if the user's default network identity can or should be used during authentication.
Required? False
Position? Named
Accept pipeline input? False
-SecretKey <String>
The AWS secret key for the user account. This can be a temporary secret key if the corresponding session token is supplied to the -SessionToken parameter.
Required? False
Position? Named
Accept pipeline input? False
-SessionToken <String>
The session token if the access and secret keys are temporary session-based credentials.
Required? False
Position? Named
Accept pipeline input? False
-Region <String>
The system name of the AWS region in which the operation should be invoked. For example, us-east-1, eu-west-1 etc.
Required? False
Position? Named
Accept pipeline input? False
-EndpointUrl <String>

The endpoint to make the call against.

Note: This parameter is primarily for internal AWS use and is not required/should not be specified for normal usage. The cmdlets normally determine which endpoint to call based on the region specified to the -Region parameter or set as default in the shell (via Set-DefaultAWSRegion). Only specify this parameter if you must direct the call to a specific custom endpoint.

Required? False
Position? Named
Accept pipeline input? False

Inputs

You can pipe a String object to this cmdlet for the KeyId parameter.

Outputs

This cmdlet returns a Amazon.KeyManagementService.Model.GenerateDataKeyResponse object containing multiple properties. The object can also be referenced from properties attached to the cmdlet entry in the $AWSHistory stack.

Supported Version

AWS Tools for PowerShell: 2.x.y.z