Table Of Contents

Feedback

User Guide

First time using the AWS CLI? See the User Guide for help getting started.

Note: You are viewing the documentation for an older major version of the AWS CLI (version 1).

AWS CLI version 2, the latest major version of AWS CLI, is now stable and recommended for general use. To view this page for the AWS CLI version 2, click here. For more information see the AWS CLI version 2 installation instructions and migration guide.

[ aws . kms ]

sign

Description

Creates a digital signature for a message or message digest by using the private key in an asymmetric CMK. To verify the signature, use the Verify operation, or use the public key in the same asymmetric CMK outside of AWS KMS. For information about symmetric and asymmetric CMKs, see Using Symmetric and Asymmetric CMKs in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide .

Digital signatures are generated and verified by using asymmetric key pair, such as an RSA or ECC pair that is represented by an asymmetric customer master key (CMK). The key owner (or an authorized user) uses their private key to sign a message. Anyone with the public key can verify that the message was signed with that particular private key and that the message hasn't changed since it was signed.

To use the Sign operation, provide the following information:

  • Use the KeyId parameter to identify an asymmetric CMK with a KeyUsage value of SIGN_VERIFY . To get the KeyUsage value of a CMK, use the DescribeKey operation. The caller must have kms:Sign permission on the CMK.
  • Use the Message parameter to specify the message or message digest to sign. You can submit messages of up to 4096 bytes. To sign a larger message, generate a hash digest of the message, and then provide the hash digest in the Message parameter. To indicate whether the message is a full message or a digest, use the MessageType parameter.
  • Choose a signing algorithm that is compatible with the CMK.

Warning

When signing a message, be sure to record the CMK and the signing algorithm. This information is required to verify the signature.

To verify the signature that this operation generates, use the Verify operation. Or use the GetPublicKey operation to download the public key and then use the public key to verify the signature outside of AWS KMS.

The CMK that you use for this operation must be in a compatible key state. For details, see How Key State Affects Use of a Customer Master Key in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide .

See also: AWS API Documentation

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Synopsis

  sign
--key-id <value>
--message <value>
[--message-type <value>]
[--grant-tokens <value>]
--signing-algorithm <value>
[--cli-input-json <value>]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]

Options

--key-id (string)

Identifies an asymmetric CMK. AWS KMS uses the private key in the asymmetric CMK to sign the message. The KeyUsage type of the CMK must be SIGN_VERIFY . To find the KeyUsage of a CMK, use the DescribeKey operation.

To specify a CMK, use its key ID, Amazon Resource Name (ARN), alias name, or alias ARN. When using an alias name, prefix it with "alias/" . To specify a CMK in a different AWS account, you must use the key ARN or alias ARN.

For example:

  • Key ID: 1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab
  • Key ARN: arn:aws:kms:us-east-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab
  • Alias name: alias/ExampleAlias
  • Alias ARN: arn:aws:kms:us-east-2:111122223333:alias/ExampleAlias

To get the key ID and key ARN for a CMK, use ListKeys or DescribeKey . To get the alias name and alias ARN, use ListAliases .

--message (blob)

Specifies the message or message digest to sign. Messages can be 0-4096 bytes. To sign a larger message, provide the message digest.

If you provide a message, AWS KMS generates a hash digest of the message and then signs it.

--message-type (string)

Tells AWS KMS whether the value of the Message parameter is a message or message digest. The default value, RAW, indicates a message. To indicate a message digest, enter DIGEST .

Possible values:

  • RAW
  • DIGEST

--grant-tokens (list)

A list of grant tokens.

For more information, see Grant Tokens in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide .

(string)

Syntax:

"string" "string" ...

--signing-algorithm (string)

Specifies the signing algorithm to use when signing the message.

Choose an algorithm that is compatible with the type and size of the specified asymmetric CMK.

Possible values:

  • RSASSA_PSS_SHA_256
  • RSASSA_PSS_SHA_384
  • RSASSA_PSS_SHA_512
  • RSASSA_PKCS1_V1_5_SHA_256
  • RSASSA_PKCS1_V1_5_SHA_384
  • RSASSA_PKCS1_V1_5_SHA_512
  • ECDSA_SHA_256
  • ECDSA_SHA_384
  • ECDSA_SHA_512

--cli-input-json (string) Performs service operation based on the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, the CLI values will override the JSON-provided values. It is not possible to pass arbitrary binary values using a JSON-provided value as the string will be taken literally.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Examples

Example 1: To generate a digital signature for a message

The following sign example generates a cryptographic signature for a short message. The output of the command includes a base-64 encoded Signature field that you can verify by using the verify command.

You must also specify a signing algorithm that your CMK supports. To get the signing algorithms for your CMK, use the describe-key command.

Before running this command, replace the example key ID with a valid key ID from your AWS account. The key ID must represent an asymmetric CMK with a key usage of SIGN_VERIFY.

aws kms sign \
    --key-id 1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab \
    --message 'hello world' \
    --message-type RAW \
    --signing-algorithm RSASSA_PKCS1_V1_5_SHA_256

Output:

{
    "KeyId": "arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab",
    "Signature": "ABCDEFhpyVYyTxbafE74ccSvEJLJr3zuoV1Hfymz4qv+/fxmxNLA7SE1SiF8lHw80fKZZ3bJ...",
    "SigningAlgorithm": "RSASSA_PKCS1_V1_5_SHA_256"
}

For more information about using asymmetric CMKs in AWS KMS, see `Using Symmetric and Asymmetric Keys<https://docs.aws.amazon.com/kms/latest/developerguide/symmetric-asymmetric.html>`__ in the AWS Key Management Service API Reference.

Example 2: To save a digital signature in a file (Linux and macOs)

The following sign example generates a cryptographic signature for a short message stored in a local file. The command also gets the Signature property from the response, Base64-decodes it and saves it in the ExampleSignature file. You can use the signature file in a verify command that verifies the signature.

The sign command requires a signing algorithm. To get the signing algorithms that your CMK supports, use the describe-key command.

Before running this command, replace the example key ID with a valid key ID from your AWS account. The key ID must represent an asymmetric CMK with a key usage of SIGN_VERIFY.

aws kms sign \
    --key-id 1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab \
    --message fileb://originalString \
    --message-type RAW \
    --signing-algorithm RSASSA_PKCS1_V1_5_SHA_256 \
    --output text \
    --query Signature | base64 --decode > ExampleSignature

This command produces no output. This example extracts the Signature property of the output and saves it in a file.

For more information about using asymmetric CMKs in AWS KMS, see Using Symmetric and Asymmetric Keys in the AWS Key Management Service API Reference.

Output

KeyId -> (string)

The Amazon Resource Name (key ARN ) of the asymmetric CMK that was used to sign the message.

Signature -> (blob)

The cryptographic signature that was generated for the message.

  • When used with the supported RSA signing algorithms, the encoding of this value is defined by PKCS #1 in RFC 8017 .
  • When used with the ECDSA_SHA_256 , ECDSA_SHA_384 , or ECDSA_SHA_512 signing algorithms, this value is a DER-encoded object as defined by ANS X9.62–2005 and RFC 3279 Section 2.2.3 . This is the most commonly used signature format and is appropriate for most uses.

When you use the HTTP API or the AWS CLI, the value is Base64-encoded. Otherwise, it is not Base64-encoded.

SigningAlgorithm -> (string)

The signing algorithm that was used to sign the message.