Evaluating Resources with AWS Config Rules - AWS Config

Evaluating Resources with AWS Config Rules

Use AWS Config to evaluate the configuration settings of your AWS resources. You do this by creating AWS Config rules, which represent your ideal configuration settings. AWS Config provides customizable, predefined rules called managed rules to help you get started.

How AWS Config Rules Work

While AWS Config continuously tracks the configuration changes that occur among your resources, it checks whether these changes do not comply with the conditions in your rules. If a resource does not comply with rule, AWS Config flags the resource and the rule as noncompliant. The following are the possible evaluation results for an AWS Config rule:

  • COMPLIANT - the rule passes the conditions of the compliance check.

  • NON_COMPLIANT - the rule fails the conditions of the compliance check.

  • ERROR - one of the required/optional parameters is not valid, or not of the correct type, or is formatted incorrectly.

  • NOT_APPLICABLE - used to filter out resources that the logic of the rule cannot be applied to. For example, the alb-desync-mode-check rule only checks Application Load Balancers, and ignores Network Load Balancers and Gateway Load Balancers.

For example, when an EC2 volume is created, AWS Config can evaluate the volume against a rule that requires volumes to be encrypted. If the volume is not encrypted, AWS Config flags the volume and the rule as noncompliant. AWS Config can also check all of your resources for account-wide requirements. For example, AWS Config can check whether the number of EC2 volumes in an account stays within a desired total, or whether an account uses AWS CloudTrail for logging.

Service-linked Rules

Service-linked rules are a unique type of managed rule that support other AWS services to create AWS Config rules in your account. These rules are predefined to include all the permissions required to call other AWS services on your behalf. These rules are similar to standards that an AWS service recommends in your AWS account for compliance verification. For more information, see Service-Linked AWS Config Rules.

Custom Rules

You can also create custom rules to evaluate additional resources that AWS Config doesn't yet record. For more information, see AWS Config Custom Rules and Evaluating Additional Resource Types.

Viewing Compliance

The AWS Config console shows the compliance status of your rules and resources. You can see how your AWS resources comply overall with your desired configurations, and learn which specific resources are noncompliant. You can also use the AWS CLI, the AWS Config API, and AWS SDKs to make requests to the AWS Config service for compliance information.

By using AWS Config to evaluate your resource configurations, you can assess how well your resource configurations comply with internal practices, industry guidelines, and regulations.

Limitations

For the maximum number of AWS Config rules for each Region for each account and other service limits, see AWS Config Service Limits.

Cost Considerations

For details about the costs associated with resource recording, see AWS Config pricing.

Recommendation: Stop recording resource compliance before deleting rules

It is highly recommended that you stop recording for the AWS::Config::ResourceCompliance resource type before you delete rules in your account. Deleting rules creates configuration items (CIs) for AWS::Config::ResourceCompliance and can affect your AWS Config configuration recorder costs. If you are deleting rules which evaluate a large number of resource types, this can lead to a spike in the number of CIs recorded.

Best practice:

  1. Stop recording AWS::Config::ResourceCompliance

  2. Delete rule(s)

  3. Turn on recording for AWS::Config::ResourceCompliance

Recommendation: Add logic to handle the evaluation of deleted resources for custom lambda rules

When creating AWS Config custom lambda rules, it is highly recommended that you add logic to handle the evaluation of deleted resources.

When evaluation results are marked as NOT_APPLICABLE, they will be marked for deletion and cleaned up. If they're NOT marked as NOT_APPLICABLE, the evaluation results will remain unchanged until the rule is deleted, which can cause an unexpected spike in the creation of CIs for AWS::Config::ResourceCompliance upon rule deletion.

For information on how to set AWS Config custom lambda rules to return NOT_APPLICABLE for deleted resources, see Managing deleted resources with AWS Config custom lambda rules.

Recommendation: Provide the resources in scope for custom lambda rules

AWS Config Custom Lambda Rules can cause a high number of Lambda function invocations if the rule is not scoped to one or more resource types. To avoid increased activity associated with your account, it is highly recommended to provide resources in scope for your Custom Lambda rules. If no resource types are selected, the rule will invoke the Lambda function for all resources in the account.

Region Support

Currently, the AWS Config Rule feature is supported in the following AWS regions. For a list of which individual AWS Config rules are supported in which Regions, see List of AWS Config Managed Rules by Region Availability.

Region Name Region Endpoint Protocol
US East (Ohio) us-east-2

config.us-east-2.amazonaws.com

config-fips.us-east-2.amazonaws.com

HTTPS

HTTPS

US East (N. Virginia) us-east-1

config.us-east-1.amazonaws.com

config-fips.us-east-1.amazonaws.com

HTTPS

HTTPS

US West (N. California) us-west-1

config.us-west-1.amazonaws.com

config-fips.us-west-1.amazonaws.com

HTTPS

HTTPS

US West (Oregon) us-west-2

config.us-west-2.amazonaws.com

config-fips.us-west-2.amazonaws.com

HTTPS

HTTPS

Africa (Cape Town) af-south-1 config.af-south-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Asia Pacific (Hong Kong) ap-east-1 config.ap-east-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Asia Pacific (Hyderabad) ap-south-2 config.ap-south-2.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Asia Pacific (Jakarta) ap-southeast-3 config.ap-southeast-3.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Asia Pacific (Melbourne) ap-southeast-4 config.ap-southeast-4.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Asia Pacific (Mumbai) ap-south-1 config.ap-south-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Asia Pacific (Osaka) ap-northeast-3 config.ap-northeast-3.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Asia Pacific (Seoul) ap-northeast-2 config.ap-northeast-2.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Asia Pacific (Singapore) ap-southeast-1 config.ap-southeast-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Asia Pacific (Sydney) ap-southeast-2 config.ap-southeast-2.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Asia Pacific (Tokyo) ap-northeast-1 config.ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Canada (Central) ca-central-1 config.ca-central-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Canada West (Calgary) ca-west-1 config.ca-west-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Europe (Frankfurt) eu-central-1 config.eu-central-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Europe (Ireland) eu-west-1 config.eu-west-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Europe (London) eu-west-2 config.eu-west-2.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Europe (Milan) eu-south-1 config.eu-south-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Europe (Paris) eu-west-3 config.eu-west-3.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Europe (Spain) eu-south-2 config.eu-south-2.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Europe (Stockholm) eu-north-1 config.eu-north-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Europe (Zurich) eu-central-2 config.eu-central-2.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Israel (Tel Aviv) il-central-1 config.il-central-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Middle East (Bahrain) me-south-1 config.me-south-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Middle East (UAE) me-central-1 config.me-central-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
South America (São Paulo) sa-east-1 config.sa-east-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
AWS GovCloud (US-East) us-gov-east-1 config.us-gov-east-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
AWS GovCloud (US-West) us-gov-west-1 config.us-gov-west-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS

Deploying AWS Config Rules across member accounts in an AWS Organization is supported in the following Regions.

Region Name Region Endpoint Protocol
US East (Ohio) us-east-2 config.us-east-2.amazonaws.com HTTPS
US East (N. Virginia) us-east-1 config.us-east-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
US West (N. California) us-west-1 config.us-west-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
US West (Oregon) us-west-2 config.us-west-2.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Asia Pacific (Jakarta) ap-southeast-3 config.ap-southeast-3.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Asia Pacific (Melbourne) ap-southeast-4 config.ap-southeast-4.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Asia Pacific (Mumbai) ap-south-1 config.ap-south-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Asia Pacific (Seoul) ap-northeast-2 config.ap-northeast-2.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Asia Pacific (Singapore) ap-southeast-1 config.ap-southeast-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Asia Pacific (Sydney) ap-southeast-2 config.ap-southeast-2.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Asia Pacific (Tokyo) ap-northeast-1 config.ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Canada (Central) ca-central-1 config.ca-central-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Europe (Frankfurt) eu-central-1 config.eu-central-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Europe (Ireland) eu-west-1 config.eu-west-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Europe (London) eu-west-2 config.eu-west-2.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Europe (Paris) eu-west-3 config.eu-west-3.amazonaws.com HTTPS
Europe (Stockholm) eu-north-1 config.eu-north-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
South America (São Paulo) sa-east-1 config.sa-east-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
AWS GovCloud (US-East) us-gov-east-1 config.us-gov-east-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS
AWS GovCloud (US-West) us-gov-west-1 config.us-gov-west-1.amazonaws.com HTTPS