Deploy AWS IoT Greengrass groups to an AWS IoT Greengrass core - AWS IoT Greengrass

AWS IoT Greengrass Version 1 no longer receives feature updates, and will receive only security patches and bug fixes until June 30, 2023. For more information, see the AWS IoT Greengrass V1 maintenance policy. We strongly recommend that you migrate to AWS IoT Greengrass Version 2, which adds significant new features and support for additional platforms.

Deploy AWS IoT Greengrass groups to an AWS IoT Greengrass core

Use AWS IoT Greengrass groups to organize entities in your edge environment. You also use groups to control how the entities in the group interact with each other and with the AWS Cloud. For example, only the Lambda functions in the group are deployed for running locally, and only the devices in the group can communicate using the local MQTT server.

A group must include a core, which is an AWS IoT device that runs the AWS IoT Greengrass Core software. The core acts as an edge gateway and provides AWS IoT Core capabilities in the edge environment. Depending on your business need, you can also add the following entities to a group:

You manage your Greengrass group in the AWS Cloud and then deploy it to a core. The deployment copies the group configuration to the group.json file on the core device. This file is located in greengrass-root/ggc/deployments/group.

                    Cloud definition of Greengrass group deployed to a core device.

During a deployment, the Greengrass daemon process on the core device stops and then restarts.

Deploying groups from the AWS IoT console

You can deploy a group and manage its deployments from the group's configuration page in the AWS IoT console.


To open this page in the console, choose Greengrass devices , then Groups (V1), and then under Greengrass groups, choose your group.

To deploy the current version of the group
  • From the group configuration page, choose Deploy.

To view the deployment history of the group

A group's deployment history includes the date and time, group version, and status of each deployment attempt.

  1. From the group configuration page, choose the Deployments tab.

  2. To see more information about a deployment, including error messages, choose Deployments from the AWS IoT console, under Greengrass devices.

To redeploy a group deployment

You might want to redeploy a deployment if the current deployment fails or revert to a different group version.

  1. From the AWS IoT console, choose Greengrass devices, and then choose Groups (V1).

  2. Choose the Deployments tab.

  3. Choose the deployment you want to redeploy and choose Redeploy.

To reset group deployments

You might want to reset group deployments to move or delete a group or to remove deployment information. For more information, see Reset deployments.

  1. From the AWS IoT console, choose Greengrass devices, and then choose Groups (V1).

  2. Choose the Deployments tab.

  3. Choose the deployment you want to reset and choose Reset deployments.

Deploying groups with the AWS IoT Greengrass API

The AWS IoT Greengrass API provides the following actions to deploy AWS IoT Greengrass groups and manage group deployments. You can call these actions from the AWS CLI, AWS IoT Greengrass API, or AWS SDK.

Action Description


Creates a NewDeployment or Redeployment deployment.

You might want to redeploy a deployment if the current deployment fails. Or you might want to redeploy to revert to a different group version.


Returns the status of a deployment: Building, InProgress, Success, or Failure.

You can configure Amazon EventBridge events to receive deployment notifications. For more information, see Get deployment notifications.


Returns the deployment history for the group.


Resets the deployments for the group.

You might want to reset group deployments to move or delete a group or to remove deployment information. For more information, see Reset deployments.


For information about bulk deployment operations, see Create bulk deployments for groups.

Getting the group ID

The group ID is commonly used in API actions. You can use the ListGroups action to find the ID of the target group from your list of groups. For example, in the AWS CLI, use the list-groups command.

aws greengrass list-groups

You can also include the query option to filter results. For example:

  • To get the most recently created group:

    aws greengrass list-groups --query "reverse(sort_by(Groups, &CreationTimestamp))[0]"
  • To get a group by name:

    aws greengrass list-groups --query "Groups[?Name=='MyGroup']"

    Group names are not required to be unique, so multiple groups might be returned.

The following is an example list-groups response. The information for each group includes the ID of the group (in the Id property) and the ID of the most recent group version (in the LatestVersion property). To get other version IDs for a group, use the group ID with ListGroupVersions.


You can also find these values in the AWS IoT console. The group ID is displayed on the group's Settings page. Group version IDs are displayed on the group's Deployments tab.

{ "Groups": [ { "LatestVersionArn": "arn:aws:us-west-2:123456789012:/greengrass/groups/00dedaaa-ac16-484d-ad77-c3eedEXAMPLE/versions/4cbc3f07-fc5e-48c4-a50e-7d356EXAMPLE", "Name": "MyFirstGroup", "LastUpdatedTimestamp": "2019-11-11T05:47:31.435Z", "LatestVersion": "4cbc3f07-fc5e-48c4-a50e-7d356EXAMPLE", "CreationTimestamp": "2019-11-11T05:47:31.435Z", "Id": "00dedaaa-ac16-484d-ad77-c3eedEXAMPLE", "Arn": "arn:aws:us-west-2:123456789012:/greengrass/groups/00dedaaa-ac16-484d-ad77-c3eedEXAMPLE" }, { "LatestVersionArn": "arn:aws:us-west-2:123456789012:/greengrass/groups/036ceaf9-9319-4716-ba2a-237f9EXAMPLE/versions/8fe9e8ec-64d1-4647-b0b0-01dc8EXAMPLE", "Name": "GreenhouseSensors", "LastUpdatedTimestamp": "2020-01-07T19:58:36.774Z", "LatestVersion": "8fe9e8ec-64d1-4647-b0b0-01dc8EXAMPLE", "CreationTimestamp": "2020-01-07T19:58:36.774Z", "Id": "036ceaf9-9319-4716-ba2a-237f9EXAMPLE", "Arn": "arn:aws:us-west-2:123456789012:/greengrass/groups/036ceaf9-9319-4716-ba2a-237f9EXAMPLE" }, ... ] }

If you don't specify an AWS Region, AWS CLI commands use the default Region from your profile. To return groups in a different Region, include the region option. For example:

aws greengrass list-groups --region us-east-1

Overview of the AWS IoT Greengrass group object model

When programming with the AWS IoT Greengrass API, it's helpful to understand the Greengrass group object model.


In the AWS IoT Greengrass API, the top-level Group object consists of metadata and a list of GroupVersion objects. GroupVersion objects are associated with a Group by ID.

                                A diagram of a group, which consists of metadata and a list of group versions.

Group versions

GroupVersion objects define group membership. Each GroupVersion references a CoreDefinitionVersion and other component versions by ARN. These references determine which entities to include in the group.

                                A diagram of a group version that references other version types by ARN.

For example, to include three Lambda functions, one device, and two subscriptions in the group, the GroupVersion references:

  • The CoreDefinitionVersion that contains the required core.

  • The FunctionDefinitionVersion that contains the three functions.

  • The DeviceDefinitionVersion that contains the client device.

  • The SubscriptionDefinitionVersion that contains the two subscriptions.

The GroupVersion deployed to a core device determines the entities that are available in the local environment and how they can interact.

Group components

Components that you add to groups have a three-level hierarchy:

  • A Definition that references a list of DefinitionVersion objects of a given type. For example, a DeviceDefinition references a list of DeviceDefinitionVersion objects.

  • A DefinitionVersion that contains a set of entities of a given type. For example, a DeviceDefinitionVersion contains a list of Device objects.

  • Individual entities that define their properties and behavior. For example, a Device defines the ARN of the corresponding client device in the AWS IoT registry, the ARN of its device certificate, and whether its local shadow syncs automatically with the cloud.

    You can add the following types of entities to a group:

The following example DeviceDefinition references three DeviceDefinitionVersion objects that each contain multiple Device objects. Only one DeviceDefinitionVersion at a time is used in a group.

                                A diagram of a device hierarchy, which consists of DeviceDefinition, DeviceDefinitionVersion, and Device objects.

Updating groups

In the AWS IoT Greengrass API, you use versions to update a group's configuration. Versions are immutable, so to add, remove, or change group components, you must create DefinitionVersion objects that contain new or updated entities.

You can associate new DefinitionVersions objects with new or existing Definition objects. For example, you can use the CreateFunctionDefinition action to create a FunctionDefinition that includes the FunctionDefinitionVersion as an initial version, or you can use the CreateFunctionDefinitionVersion action and reference an existing FunctionDefinition.

After you create your group components, you create a GroupVersion that contains all DefinitionVersion objects that you want to include in the group. Then, you deploy the GroupVersion.

To deploy a GroupVersion, it must reference a CoreDefinitionVersion that contains exactly one Core. All referenced entities must be members of the group. Also, a Greengrass service role must be associated with your AWS account in the AWS Region where you are deploying the GroupVersion.


The Update actions in the API are used to change the name of a Group or component Definition object.

Updating entities that reference AWS resources

Greengrass Lambda functions and secret resources define Greengrass-specific properties and also reference corresponding AWS resources. To update these entities, you might make changes to the corresponding AWS resource instead of your Greengrass objects. For example, Lambda functions reference a function in AWS Lambda and also define lifecycle and other properties that are specific to the Greengrass group.

  • To update Lambda function code or packaged dependencies, make your changes in AWS Lambda. During the next group deployment, these changes are retrieved from AWS Lambda and copied to your local environment.

  • To update Greengrass-specific properties, you create a FunctionDefinitionVersion that contains the updated Function properties.


Greengrass Lambda functions can reference a Lambda function by alias ARN or version ARN. If you reference the alias ARN (recommended), you don't need to update your FunctionDefinitionVersion (or SubscriptionDefinitionVersion) when you publish a new function version in AWS Lambda. For more information, see Reference Lambda functions by alias or version.

See also