AWS Systems Manager
API Reference (API Version 2014-11-06)

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PutParameter

Add a parameter to the system.

Request Syntax

{ "AllowedPattern": "string", "Description": "string", "KeyId": "string", "Name": "string", "Overwrite": boolean, "Policies": "string", "Tags": [ { "Key": "string", "Value": "string" } ], "Tier": "string", "Type": "string", "Value": "string" }

Request Parameters

For information about the parameters that are common to all actions, see Common Parameters.

The request accepts the following data in JSON format.

AllowedPattern

A regular expression used to validate the parameter value. For example, for String types with values restricted to numbers, you can specify the following: AllowedPattern=^\d+$

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 0. Maximum length of 1024.

Required: No

Description

Information about the parameter that you want to add to the system. Optional but recommended.

Important

Do not enter personally identifiable information in this field.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 0. Maximum length of 1024.

Required: No

KeyId

The KMS Key ID that you want to use to encrypt a parameter. Either the default AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) key automatically assigned to your AWS account or a custom key. Required for parameters that use the SecureString data type.

If you don't specify a key ID, the system uses the default key associated with your AWS account.

  • To use your default AWS KMS key, choose the SecureString data type, and do not specify the Key ID when you create the parameter. The system automatically populates Key ID with your default KMS key.

  • To use a custom KMS key, choose the SecureString data type with the Key ID parameter.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 256.

Pattern: ^([a-zA-Z0-9:/_-]+)$

Required: No

Name

The fully qualified name of the parameter that you want to add to the system. The fully qualified name includes the complete hierarchy of the parameter path and name. For example: /Dev/DBServer/MySQL/db-string13

Naming Constraints:

  • Parameter names are case sensitive.

  • A parameter name must be unique within an AWS Region

  • A parameter name can't be prefixed with "aws" or "ssm" (case-insensitive).

  • Parameter names can include only the following symbols and letters: a-zA-Z0-9_.-/

  • A parameter name can't include spaces.

  • Parameter hierarchies are limited to a maximum depth of fifteen levels.

For additional information about valid values for parameter names, see Requirements and Constraints for Parameter Names in the AWS Systems Manager User Guide.

Note

The maximum length constraint listed below includes capacity for additional system attributes that are not part of the name. The maximum length for the fully qualified parameter name is 1011 characters.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 2048.

Required: Yes

Overwrite

Overwrite an existing parameter. If not specified, will default to "false".

Type: Boolean

Required: No

Policies

One or more policies to apply to a parameter. This action takes a JSON array. Parameter Store supports the following policy types:

Expiration: This policy deletes the parameter after it expires. When you create the policy, you specify the expiration date. You can update the expiration date and time by updating the policy. Updating the parameter does not affect the expiration date and time. When the expiration time is reached, Parameter Store deletes the parameter.

ExpirationNotification: This policy triggers an event in Amazon CloudWatch Events that notifies you about the expiration. By using this policy, you can receive notification before or after the expiration time is reached, in units of days or hours.

NoChangeNotification: This policy triggers a CloudWatch event if a parameter has not been modified for a specified period of time. This policy type is useful when, for example, a secret needs to be changed within a period of time, but it has not been changed.

All existing policies are preserved until you send new policies or an empty policy. For more information about parameter policies, see Working with Parameter Policies.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 4096.

Required: No

Tags

Optional metadata that you assign to a resource. Tags enable you to categorize a resource in different ways, such as by purpose, owner, or environment. For example, you might want to tag a Systems Manager parameter to identify the type of resource to which it applies, the environment, or the type of configuration data referenced by the parameter. In this case, you could specify the following key name/value pairs:

  • Key=Resource,Value=S3bucket

  • Key=OS,Value=Windows

  • Key=ParameterType,Value=LicenseKey

Note

To add tags to an existing Systems Manager parameter, use the AddTagsToResource action.

Type: Array of Tag objects

Array Members: Maximum number of 1000 items.

Required: No

Tier

The parameter tier to assign to a parameter.

Parameter Store offers a standard tier and an advanced tier for parameters. Standard parameters have a content size limit of 4 KB and can't be configured to use parameter policies. You can create a maximum of 10,000 standard parameters for each Region in an AWS account. Standard parameters are offered at no additional cost.

Advanced parameters have a content size limit of 8 KB and can be configured to use parameter policies. You can create a maximum of 100,000 advanced parameters for each Region in an AWS account. Advanced parameters incur a charge. For more information, see About Advanced Parameters in the AWS Systems Manager User Guide.

You can change a standard parameter to an advanced parameter any time. But you can't revert an advanced parameter to a standard parameter. Reverting an advanced parameter to a standard parameter would result in data loss because the system would truncate the size of the parameter from 8 KB to 4 KB. Reverting would also remove any policies attached to the parameter. Lastly, advanced parameters use a different form of encryption than standard parameters.

If you no longer need an advanced parameter, or if you no longer want to incur charges for an advanced parameter, you must delete it and recreate it as a new standard parameter.

Using the Default Tier Configuration

In PutParameter requests, you can specify the tier to create the parameter in. Whenever you specify a tier in the request, Parameter Store creates or updates the parameter according to that request. However, if you do not specify a tier in a request, Parameter Store assigns the tier based on the current Parameter Store default tier configuration.

The default tier when you begin using Parameter Store is the standard-parameter tier. If you use the advanced-parameter tier, you can specify one of the following as the default:

  • Advanced: With this option, Parameter Store evaluates all requests as advanced parameters.

  • Intelligent-Tiering: With this option, Parameter Store evaluates each request to determine if the parameter is standard or advanced.

    If the request doesn't include any options that require an advanced parameter, the parameter is created in the standard-parameter tier. If one or more options requiring an advanced parameter are included in the request, Parameter Store create a parameter in the advanced-parameter tier.

    This approach helps control your parameter-related costs by always creating standard parameters unless an advanced parameter is necessary.

Options that require an advanced parameter include the following:

  • The content size of the parameter is more than 4 KB.

  • The parameter uses a parameter policy.

  • More than 10,000 parameters already exist in your AWS account in the current Region.

For more information about configuring the default tier option, see Specifying a Default Parameter Tier in the AWS Systems Manager User Guide.

Type: String

Valid Values: Standard | Advanced | Intelligent-Tiering

Required: No

Type

The type of parameter that you want to add to the system.

Items in a StringList must be separated by a comma (,). You can't use other punctuation or special character to escape items in the list. If you have a parameter value that requires a comma, then use the String data type.

Note

SecureString is not currently supported for AWS CloudFormation templates or in the China Regions.

Type: String

Valid Values: String | StringList | SecureString

Required: Yes

Value

The parameter value that you want to add to the system. Standard parameters have a value limit of 4 KB. Advanced parameters have a value limit of 8 KB.

Type: String

Required: Yes

Response Syntax

{ "Version": number }

Response Elements

If the action is successful, the service sends back an HTTP 200 response.

The following data is returned in JSON format by the service.

Version

The new version number of a parameter. If you edit a parameter value, Parameter Store automatically creates a new version and assigns this new version a unique ID. You can reference a parameter version ID in API actions or in Systems Manager documents (SSM documents). By default, if you don't specify a specific version, the system returns the latest parameter value when a parameter is called.

Type: Long

Errors

For information about the errors that are common to all actions, see Common Errors.

HierarchyLevelLimitExceededException

A hierarchy can have a maximum of 15 levels. For more information, see Requirements and Constraints for Parameter Names in the AWS Systems Manager User Guide.

HTTP Status Code: 400

HierarchyTypeMismatchException

Parameter Store does not support changing a parameter type in a hierarchy. For example, you can't change a parameter from a String type to a SecureString type. You must create a new, unique parameter.

HTTP Status Code: 400

IncompatiblePolicyException

There is a conflict in the policies specified for this parameter. You can't, for example, specify two Expiration policies for a parameter. Review your policies, and try again.

HTTP Status Code: 400

InternalServerError

An error occurred on the server side.

HTTP Status Code: 500

InvalidAllowedPatternException

The request does not meet the regular expression requirement.

HTTP Status Code: 400

InvalidKeyId

The query key ID is not valid.

HTTP Status Code: 400

InvalidPolicyAttributeException

A policy attribute or its value is invalid.

HTTP Status Code: 400

InvalidPolicyTypeException

The policy type is not supported. Parameter Store supports the following policy types: Expiration, ExpirationNotification, and NoChangeNotification.

HTTP Status Code: 400

ParameterAlreadyExists

The parameter already exists. You can't create duplicate parameters.

HTTP Status Code: 400

ParameterLimitExceeded

You have exceeded the number of parameters for this AWS account. Delete one or more parameters and try again.

HTTP Status Code: 400

ParameterMaxVersionLimitExceeded

The parameter exceeded the maximum number of allowed versions.

HTTP Status Code: 400

ParameterPatternMismatchException

The parameter name is not valid.

HTTP Status Code: 400

PoliciesLimitExceededException

You specified more than the maximum number of allowed policies for the parameter. The maximum is 10.

HTTP Status Code: 400

TooManyUpdates

There are concurrent updates for a resource that supports one update at a time.

HTTP Status Code: 400

UnsupportedParameterType

The parameter type is not supported.

HTTP Status Code: 400

Example

Sample Request

POST / HTTP/1.1 Host: ssm.us-east-2.amazonaws.com Accept-Encoding: identity Content-Length: 136 X-Amz-Target: AmazonSSM.PutParameter X-Amz-Date: 20180316T000626Z User-Agent: aws-cli/1.11.180 Python/2.7.9 Windows/8 botocore/1.7.38 Content-Type: application/x-amz-json-1.1 Authorization: AWS4-HMAC-SHA256 Credential=AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE/20180316/us-east-2/ssm/aws4_request, SignedHeaders=content-type;host;x-amz-date;x-amz-target, Signature=39c3b3042cd2aEXAMPLE { "Overwrite": true, "Type": "String", "Name": "EC2TestServerType", "Value": "t2.large", "Description": "Instance type for Test servers" }

Sample Response

{ "Version": 2 }

See Also

For more information about using this API in one of the language-specific AWS SDKs, see the following: