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[ aws . kms ]

create-key

Description

Creates a unique customer managed KMS key in your Amazon Web Services account and Region.

In addition to the required parameters, you can use the optional parameters to specify a key policy, description, tags, and other useful elements for any key type.

Note

KMS is replacing the term customer master key (CMK) with KMS key and KMS key . The concept has not changed. To prevent breaking changes, KMS is keeping some variations of this term.

To create different types of KMS keys, use the following guidance:

Symmetric encryption KMS key

To create a symmetric encryption KMS key, you aren't required to specify any parameters. The default value for KeySpec , SYMMETRIC_DEFAULT , and the default value for KeyUsage , ENCRYPT_DECRYPT , create a symmetric encryption KMS key. For technical details, see SYMMETRIC_DEFAULT key spec in the Key Management Service Developer Guide .

If you need a key for basic encryption and decryption or you are creating a KMS key to protect your resources in an Amazon Web Services service, create a symmetric encryption KMS key. The key material in a symmetric encryption key never leaves KMS unencrypted. You can use a symmetric encryption KMS key to encrypt and decrypt data up to 4,096 bytes, but they are typically used to generate data keys and data keys pairs. For details, see GenerateDataKey and GenerateDataKeyPair .

Asymmetric KMS keys

To create an asymmetric KMS key, use the KeySpec parameter to specify the type of key material in the KMS key. Then, use the KeyUsage parameter to determine whether the KMS key will be used to encrypt and decrypt or sign and verify. You can't change these properties after the KMS key is created.

Asymmetric KMS keys contain an RSA key pair, Elliptic Curve (ECC) key pair, or an SM2 key pair (China Regions only). The private key in an asymmetric KMS key never leaves KMS unencrypted. However, you can use the GetPublicKey operation to download the public key so it can be used outside of KMS. KMS keys with RSA or SM2 key pairs can be used to encrypt or decrypt data or sign and verify messages (but not both). KMS keys with ECC key pairs can be used only to sign and verify messages. For information about asymmetric KMS keys, see Asymmetric KMS keys in the Key Management Service Developer Guide .

HMAC KMS key

To create an HMAC KMS key, set the KeySpec parameter to a key spec value for HMAC KMS keys. Then set the KeyUsage parameter to GENERATE_VERIFY_MAC . You must set the key usage even though GENERATE_VERIFY_MAC is the only valid key usage value for HMAC KMS keys. You can't change these properties after the KMS key is created.

HMAC KMS keys are symmetric keys that never leave KMS unencrypted. You can use HMAC keys to generate ( GenerateMac ) and verify ( VerifyMac ) HMAC codes for messages up to 4096 bytes.

HMAC KMS keys are not supported in all Amazon Web Services Regions. If you try to create an HMAC KMS key in an Amazon Web Services Region in which HMAC keys are not supported, the CreateKey operation returns an UnsupportedOperationException . For a list of Regions in which HMAC KMS keys are supported, see HMAC keys in KMS in the Key Management Service Developer Guide .

Multi-Region primary keys Imported key material

To create a multi-Region primary key in the local Amazon Web Services Region, use the MultiRegion parameter with a value of True . To create a multi-Region replica key , that is, a KMS key with the same key ID and key material as a primary key, but in a different Amazon Web Services Region, use the ReplicateKey operation. To change a replica key to a primary key, and its primary key to a replica key, use the UpdatePrimaryRegion operation.

You can create multi-Region KMS keys for all supported KMS key types: symmetric encryption KMS keys, HMAC KMS keys, asymmetric encryption KMS keys, and asymmetric signing KMS keys. You can also create multi-Region keys with imported key material. However, you can't create multi-Region keys in a custom key store.

This operation supports multi-Region keys , an KMS feature that lets you create multiple interoperable KMS keys in different Amazon Web Services Regions. Because these KMS keys have the same key ID, key material, and other metadata, you can use them interchangeably to encrypt data in one Amazon Web Services Region and decrypt it in a different Amazon Web Services Region without re-encrypting the data or making a cross-Region call. For more information about multi-Region keys, see Multi-Region keys in KMS in the Key Management Service Developer Guide .

To import your own key material, begin by creating a symmetric encryption KMS key with no key material. To do this, use the Origin parameter of CreateKey with a value of EXTERNAL . Next, use GetParametersForImport operation to get a public key and import token, and use the public key to encrypt your key material. Then, use ImportKeyMaterial with your import token to import the key material. For step-by-step instructions, see Importing Key Material in the * Key Management Service Developer Guide * .

This feature supports only symmetric encryption KMS keys, including multi-Region symmetric encryption KMS keys. You cannot import key material into any other type of KMS key.

To create a multi-Region primary key with imported key material, use the Origin parameter of CreateKey with a value of EXTERNAL and the MultiRegion parameter with a value of True . To create replicas of the multi-Region primary key, use the ReplicateKey operation. For more information about multi-Region keys, see Multi-Region keys in KMS in the Key Management Service Developer Guide .

Custom key store

To create a symmetric encryption KMS key in a custom key store , use the CustomKeyStoreId parameter to specify the custom key store. You must also use the Origin parameter with a value of AWS_CLOUDHSM . The CloudHSM cluster that is associated with the custom key store must have at least two active HSMs in different Availability Zones in the Amazon Web Services Region.

Custom key stores support only symmetric encryption KMS keys. You cannot create an HMAC KMS key or an asymmetric KMS key in a custom key store. For information about custom key stores in KMS see Custom key stores in KMS in the * Key Management Service Developer Guide * .

Cross-account use : No. You cannot use this operation to create a KMS key in a different Amazon Web Services account.

Required permissions : kms:CreateKey (IAM policy). To use the Tags parameter, kms:TagResource (IAM policy). For examples and information about related permissions, see Allow a user to create KMS keys in the Key Management Service Developer Guide .

Related operations:

  • DescribeKey
  • ListKeys
  • ScheduleKeyDeletion

See also: AWS API Documentation

Synopsis

  create-key
[--policy <value>]
[--description <value>]
[--key-usage <value>]
[--customer-master-key-spec <value>]
[--key-spec <value>]
[--origin <value>]
[--custom-key-store-id <value>]
[--bypass-policy-lockout-safety-check | --no-bypass-policy-lockout-safety-check]
[--tags <value>]
[--multi-region | --no-multi-region]
[--cli-input-json <value>]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]
[--debug]
[--endpoint-url <value>]
[--no-verify-ssl]
[--no-paginate]
[--output <value>]
[--query <value>]
[--profile <value>]
[--region <value>]
[--version <value>]
[--color <value>]
[--no-sign-request]
[--ca-bundle <value>]
[--cli-read-timeout <value>]
[--cli-connect-timeout <value>]

Options

--policy (string)

The key policy to attach to the KMS key. If you do not specify a key policy, KMS attaches a default key policy to the KMS key. For more information, see Default key policy in the Key Management Service Developer Guide .

If you provide a key policy, it must meet the following criteria:

  • If you don't set BypassPolicyLockoutSafetyCheck to True , the key policy must allow the principal that is making the CreateKey request to make a subsequent PutKeyPolicy request on the KMS key. This reduces the risk that the KMS key becomes unmanageable. For more information, refer to the scenario in the Default Key Policy section of the * Key Management Service Developer Guide * .
  • Each statement in the key policy must contain one or more principals. The principals in the key policy must exist and be visible to KMS. When you create a new Amazon Web Services principal (for example, an IAM user or role), you might need to enforce a delay before including the new principal in a key policy because the new principal might not be immediately visible to KMS. For more information, see Changes that I make are not always immediately visible in the Amazon Web Services Identity and Access Management User Guide .

A key policy document can include only the following characters:

  • Printable ASCII characters from the space character (\u0020 ) through the end of the ASCII character range.
  • Printable characters in the Basic Latin and Latin-1 Supplement character set (through \u00FF ).
  • The tab (\u0009 ), line feed (\u000A ), and carriage return (\u000D ) special characters

For information about key policies, see Key policies in KMS in the Key Management Service Developer Guide . For help writing and formatting a JSON policy document, see the IAM JSON Policy Reference in the * Identity and Access Management User Guide * .

--description (string)

A description of the KMS key.

Use a description that helps you decide whether the KMS key is appropriate for a task. The default value is an empty string (no description).

To set or change the description after the key is created, use UpdateKeyDescription .

--key-usage (string)

Determines the cryptographic operations for which you can use the KMS key. The default value is ENCRYPT_DECRYPT . This parameter is optional when you are creating a symmetric encryption KMS key; otherwise, it is required. You can't change the KeyUsage value after the KMS key is created.

Select only one valid value.

  • For symmetric encryption KMS keys, omit the parameter or specify ENCRYPT_DECRYPT .
  • For HMAC KMS keys (symmetric), specify GENERATE_VERIFY_MAC .
  • For asymmetric KMS keys with RSA key material, specify ENCRYPT_DECRYPT or SIGN_VERIFY .
  • For asymmetric KMS keys with ECC key material, specify SIGN_VERIFY .
  • For asymmetric KMS keys with SM2 key material (China Regions only), specify ENCRYPT_DECRYPT or SIGN_VERIFY .

Possible values:

  • SIGN_VERIFY
  • ENCRYPT_DECRYPT
  • GENERATE_VERIFY_MAC

--customer-master-key-spec (string)

Instead, use the KeySpec parameter.

The KeySpec and CustomerMasterKeySpec parameters work the same way. Only the names differ. We recommend that you use KeySpec parameter in your code. However, to avoid breaking changes, KMS will support both parameters.

Possible values:

  • RSA_2048
  • RSA_3072
  • RSA_4096
  • ECC_NIST_P256
  • ECC_NIST_P384
  • ECC_NIST_P521
  • ECC_SECG_P256K1
  • SYMMETRIC_DEFAULT
  • HMAC_224
  • HMAC_256
  • HMAC_384
  • HMAC_512
  • SM2

--key-spec (string)

Specifies the type of KMS key to create. The default value, SYMMETRIC_DEFAULT , creates a KMS key with a 256-bit AES-GCM key that is used for encryption and decryption, except in China Regions, where it creates a 128-bit symmetric key that uses SM4 encryption. For help choosing a key spec for your KMS key, see Choosing a KMS key type in the * Key Management Service Developer Guide * .

The KeySpec determines whether the KMS key contains a symmetric key or an asymmetric key pair. It also determines the cryptographic algorithms that the KMS key supports. You can't change the KeySpec after the KMS key is created. To further restrict the algorithms that can be used with the KMS key, use a condition key in its key policy or IAM policy. For more information, see kms:EncryptionAlgorithm , kms:MacAlgorithm or kms:Signing Algorithm in the * Key Management Service Developer Guide * .

Warning

Amazon Web Services services that are integrated with KMS use symmetric encryption KMS keys to protect your data. These services do not support asymmetric KMS keys or HMAC KMS keys.

KMS supports the following key specs for KMS keys:

  • Symmetric encryption key (default)
    • SYMMETRIC_DEFAULT
  • HMAC keys (symmetric)
    • HMAC_224
    • HMAC_256
    • HMAC_384
    • HMAC_512
  • Asymmetric RSA key pairs
    • RSA_2048
    • RSA_3072
    • RSA_4096
  • Asymmetric NIST-recommended elliptic curve key pairs
    • ECC_NIST_P256 (secp256r1)
    • ECC_NIST_P384 (secp384r1)
    • ECC_NIST_P521 (secp521r1)
  • Other asymmetric elliptic curve key pairs
    • ECC_SECG_P256K1 (secp256k1), commonly used for cryptocurrencies.
  • SM2 key pairs (China Regions only)
    • SM2

Possible values:

  • RSA_2048
  • RSA_3072
  • RSA_4096
  • ECC_NIST_P256
  • ECC_NIST_P384
  • ECC_NIST_P521
  • ECC_SECG_P256K1
  • SYMMETRIC_DEFAULT
  • HMAC_224
  • HMAC_256
  • HMAC_384
  • HMAC_512
  • SM2

--origin (string)

The source of the key material for the KMS key. You cannot change the origin after you create the KMS key. The default is AWS_KMS , which means that KMS creates the key material.

To create a KMS key with no key material (for imported key material), set the value to EXTERNAL . For more information about importing key material into KMS, see Importing Key Material in the Key Management Service Developer Guide . This value is valid only for symmetric encryption KMS keys.

To create a KMS key in an KMS custom key store and create its key material in the associated CloudHSM cluster, set this value to AWS_CLOUDHSM . You must also use the CustomKeyStoreId parameter to identify the custom key store. This value is valid only for symmetric encryption KMS keys.

Possible values:

  • AWS_KMS
  • EXTERNAL
  • AWS_CLOUDHSM

--custom-key-store-id (string)

Creates the KMS key in the specified custom key store and the key material in its associated CloudHSM cluster. To create a KMS key in a custom key store, you must also specify the Origin parameter with a value of AWS_CLOUDHSM . The CloudHSM cluster that is associated with the custom key store must have at least two active HSMs, each in a different Availability Zone in the Region.

This parameter is valid only for symmetric encryption KMS keys in a single Region. You cannot create any other type of KMS key in a custom key store.

To find the ID of a custom key store, use the DescribeCustomKeyStores operation.

The response includes the custom key store ID and the ID of the CloudHSM cluster.

This operation is part of the custom key store feature feature in KMS, which combines the convenience and extensive integration of KMS with the isolation and control of a single-tenant key store.

--bypass-policy-lockout-safety-check | --no-bypass-policy-lockout-safety-check (boolean)

A flag to indicate whether to bypass the key policy lockout safety check.

Warning

Setting this value to true increases the risk that the KMS key becomes unmanageable. Do not set this value to true indiscriminately.

For more information, refer to the scenario in the Default Key Policy section in the * Key Management Service Developer Guide * .

Use this parameter only when you include a policy in the request and you intend to prevent the principal that is making the request from making a subsequent PutKeyPolicy request on the KMS key.

The default value is false.

--tags (list)

Assigns one or more tags to the KMS key. Use this parameter to tag the KMS key when it is created. To tag an existing KMS key, use the TagResource operation.

Note

Tagging or untagging a KMS key can allow or deny permission to the KMS key. For details, see ABAC in KMS in the Key Management Service Developer Guide .

To use this parameter, you must have kms:TagResource permission in an IAM policy.

Each tag consists of a tag key and a tag value. Both the tag key and the tag value are required, but the tag value can be an empty (null) string. You cannot have more than one tag on a KMS key with the same tag key. If you specify an existing tag key with a different tag value, KMS replaces the current tag value with the specified one.

When you add tags to an Amazon Web Services resource, Amazon Web Services generates a cost allocation report with usage and costs aggregated by tags. Tags can also be used to control access to a KMS key. For details, see Tagging Keys .

(structure)

A key-value pair. A tag consists of a tag key and a tag value. Tag keys and tag values are both required, but tag values can be empty (null) strings.

For information about the rules that apply to tag keys and tag values, see User-Defined Tag Restrictions in the Amazon Web Services Billing and Cost Management User Guide .

TagKey -> (string)

The key of the tag.

TagValue -> (string)

The value of the tag.

Shorthand Syntax:

TagKey=string,TagValue=string ...

JSON Syntax:

[
  {
    "TagKey": "string",
    "TagValue": "string"
  }
  ...
]

--multi-region | --no-multi-region (boolean)

Creates a multi-Region primary key that you can replicate into other Amazon Web Services Regions. You cannot change this value after you create the KMS key.

For a multi-Region key, set this parameter to True . For a single-Region KMS key, omit this parameter or set it to False . The default value is False .

This operation supports multi-Region keys , an KMS feature that lets you create multiple interoperable KMS keys in different Amazon Web Services Regions. Because these KMS keys have the same key ID, key material, and other metadata, you can use them interchangeably to encrypt data in one Amazon Web Services Region and decrypt it in a different Amazon Web Services Region without re-encrypting the data or making a cross-Region call. For more information about multi-Region keys, see Multi-Region keys in KMS in the Key Management Service Developer Guide .

This value creates a primary key , not a replica. To create a replica key , use the ReplicateKey operation.

You can create a multi-Region version of a symmetric encryption KMS key, an HMAC KMS key, an asymmetric KMS key, or a KMS key with imported key material. However, you cannot create a multi-Region key in a custom key store.

--cli-input-json (string) Performs service operation based on the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, the CLI values will override the JSON-provided values. It is not possible to pass arbitrary binary values using a JSON-provided value as the string will be taken literally.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

Global Options

--debug (boolean)

Turn on debug logging.

--endpoint-url (string)

Override command's default URL with the given URL.

--no-verify-ssl (boolean)

By default, the AWS CLI uses SSL when communicating with AWS services. For each SSL connection, the AWS CLI will verify SSL certificates. This option overrides the default behavior of verifying SSL certificates.

--no-paginate (boolean)

Disable automatic pagination.

--output (string)

The formatting style for command output.

  • json
  • text
  • table

--query (string)

A JMESPath query to use in filtering the response data.

--profile (string)

Use a specific profile from your credential file.

--region (string)

The region to use. Overrides config/env settings.

--version (string)

Display the version of this tool.

--color (string)

Turn on/off color output.

  • on
  • off
  • auto

--no-sign-request (boolean)

Do not sign requests. Credentials will not be loaded if this argument is provided.

--ca-bundle (string)

The CA certificate bundle to use when verifying SSL certificates. Overrides config/env settings.

--cli-read-timeout (int)

The maximum socket read time in seconds. If the value is set to 0, the socket read will be blocking and not timeout. The default value is 60 seconds.

--cli-connect-timeout (int)

The maximum socket connect time in seconds. If the value is set to 0, the socket connect will be blocking and not timeout. The default value is 60 seconds.

Examples

Note

To use the following examples, you must have the AWS CLI installed and configured. See the Getting started guide in the AWS CLI User Guide for more information.

Unless otherwise stated, all examples have unix-like quotation rules. These examples will need to be adapted to your terminal's quoting rules. See Using quotation marks with strings in the AWS CLI User Guide .

Example 1: To create a customer managed KMS key in AWS KMS

The following create-key example creates a symmetric encryption KMS key.

  • To create the basic KMS key, a symmetric encryption key, you do not need to specify the key-spec or key-usage parameters. The default values for those parameters create a symmetric encryption key.
  • The --tags parameter uses shorthand syntax to add a tag with a key name Purpose and value of Test. For information about using shorthand syntax, see Using Shorthand Syntax with the AWS Command Line Interface in the AWS CLI User Guide.
  • The --description parameter adds an optional description.

Because this command doesn't specify a key policy, the KMS key gets the default key policy for programmatically created KMS keys. To view the key policy, use the get-key-policy command. To change the key policy, use the put-key-policy command.

aws kms create-key \
    --tags TagKey=Purpose,TagValue=Test \
    --description "Test key"

The create-key command returns the key metadata, including the key ID and ARN of the new KMS key. You can use these values to identify the KMS key in other AWS KMS operations. The output does not include the tags. To view the tags for a KMS key, use the list-resource-tags command.

Output:

{
    "KeyMetadata": {
        "Origin": "AWS_KMS",
        "KeyId": "1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab",
        "Description": "Test key",
        "KeyManager": "CUSTOMER",
        "Enabled": true,
        "KeySpec": "SYMMETRIC_DEFAULT",
        "CustomerMasterKeySpec": "SYMMETRIC_DEFAULT",
        "KeyUsage": "ENCRYPT_DECRYPT",
        "KeyState": "Enabled",
        "CreationDate": 1502910355.475,
        "Arn": "arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab",
        "AWSAccountId": "111122223333",
        "MultiRegion": false,
        "EncryptionAlgorithms": [
            "SYMMETRIC_DEFAULT"
        ]
    }
}

Note: The create-key command does not let you specify an alias, To create an alias for the new KMS key, use the create-alias command.

For more information, see Creating keys in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.

Example 2: To create an asymmetric RSA KMS key for encryption and decryption

The following create-key example creates a KMS key that contains an asymmetric RSA key pair for encryption and decryption.

aws kms create-key \
   --key-spec RSA_4096 \
   --key-usage ENCRYPT_DECRYPT

Output:

{
    "KeyMetadata": {
        "Arn": "arn:aws:kms:us-east-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab",
        "AWSAccountId": "111122223333",
        "CreationDate": "2021-04-05T14:04:55-07:00",
        "CustomerMasterKeySpec": "RSA_4096",
        "Description": "",
        "Enabled": true,
        "EncryptionAlgorithms": [
            "RSAES_OAEP_SHA_1",
            "RSAES_OAEP_SHA_256"
        ],
        "KeyId": "1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab",
        "KeyManager": "CUSTOMER",
        "KeySpec": "RSA_4096",
        "KeyState": "Enabled",
        "KeyUsage": "ENCRYPT_DECRYPT",
        "MultiRegion": false,
        "Origin": "AWS_KMS"
    }
}

For more information, see Asymmetric keys in AWS KMS in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.

Example 3: To create an asymmetric elliptic curve KMS key for signing and verification

To create an HMAC KMS key that contains an asymmetric elliptic curve (ECC) key pair for signing and verification. The --key-usage parameter is required even though SIGN_VERIFY is the only valid value for ECC KMS keys.

aws kms create-key \
    --key-spec ECC_NIST_P521 \
    --key-usage SIGN_VERIFY

Output:

{
    "KeyMetadata": {
        "Arn": "arn:aws:kms:us-east-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab",
        "AWSAccountId": "111122223333",
        "CreationDate": "2019-12-02T07:48:55-07:00",
        "CustomerMasterKeySpec": "ECC_NIST_P521",
        "Description": "",
        "Enabled": true,
        "KeyId": "1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab",
        "KeyManager": "CUSTOMER",
        "KeySpec": "ECC_NIST_P521",
        "KeyState": "Enabled",
        "KeyUsage": "SIGN_VERIFY",
        "MultiRegion": false,
        "Origin": "AWS_KMS",
        "SigningAlgorithms": [
            "ECDSA_SHA_512"
        ]
    }
}

Example 4: To create an HMAC KMS key

The following create-key example creates a 384-bit symmetric HMAC KMS key. The `GENERATE_VERIFY_MAC value for the --key-usage parameter is required even though it's the only valid value for HMAC KMS keys.

aws kms create-key \
    --key-spec HMAC_384 \
    --key-usage GENERATE_VERIFY_MAC

Output:

{
    "KeyMetadata": {
        "Arn": "arn:aws:kms:us-east-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab",
        "AWSAccountId": "111122223333",
        "CreationDate": "2022-04-05T14:04:55-07:00",
        "CustomerMasterKeySpec": "HMAC_384",
        "Description": "",
        "Enabled": true,
        "KeyId": "1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab",
        "KeyManager": "CUSTOMER",
        "KeySpec": "HMAC_384",
        "KeyState": "Enabled",
        "KeyUsage": "GENERATE_VERIFY_MAC",
        "MacAlgorithms": [
            "HMAC_SHA_384"
        ],
        "MultiRegion": false,
        "Origin": "AWS_KMS"
    }
}

Example 4: To create a multi-Region primary KMS key

The following create-key example creates a multi-Region primary symmetric encryption key. Because the default values for all parameters create a symmetric encryption key, only the --multi-region parameter is required for this KMS key. In the AWS CLI, to indicate that a Boolean parameter is true, just specify the parameter name.

aws kms create-key \
    --multi-region

Output:

{
    "KeyMetadata": {
        "Arn": "arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/mrk-1234abcd12ab34cd56ef12345678990ab",
        "AWSAccountId": "111122223333",
        "CreationDate": "2021-09-02T016:15:21-09:00",
        "CustomerMasterKeySpec": "SYMMETRIC_DEFAULT",
        "Description": "",
        "Enabled": true,
        "EncryptionAlgorithms": [
            "SYMMETRIC_DEFAULT"
        ],
        "KeyId": "mrk-1234abcd12ab34cd56ef12345678990ab",
        "KeyManager": "CUSTOMER",
        "KeySpec": "SYMMETRIC_DEFAULT",
        "KeyState": "Enabled",
        "KeyUsage": "ENCRYPT_DECRYPT",
        "MultiRegion": true,
        "MultiRegionConfiguration": {
            "MultiRegionKeyType": "PRIMARY",
            "PrimaryKey": {
                "Arn": "arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/mrk-1234abcd12ab34cd56ef12345678990ab",
                "Region": "us-west-2"
            },
            "ReplicaKeys": []
        },
        "Origin": "AWS_KMS"
    }
}

Example 5: To create a KMS key for imported key material

The following create-key example creates a creates a KMS key with no key material. When the operation is complete, you can import your own key material into the KMS key. To create this KMS key, set the --origin parameter to EXTERNAL.

aws kms create-key \
    --origin EXTERNAL

Output:

{
    "KeyMetadata": {
        "Arn": "arn:aws:kms:us-east-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab",
        "AWSAccountId": "111122223333",
        "CreationDate": "2019-12-02T07:48:55-07:00",
        "CustomerMasterKeySpec": "SYMMETRIC_DEFAULT",
        "Description": "",
        "Enabled": false,
        "EncryptionAlgorithms": [
            "SYMMETRIC_DEFAULT"
        ],
        "KeyId": "1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab",
        "KeyManager": "CUSTOMER",
        "KeySpec": "SYMMETRIC_DEFAULT",
        "KeyState": "PendingImport",
        "KeyUsage": "ENCRYPT_DECRYPT",
        "MultiRegion": false,
        "Origin": "EXTERNAL"
    }
}

Example 6: To create a KMS key in an AWS CloudHSM custom key store

The following create-key example creates a creates a KMS key in the specified AWS CloudHSM custom key store. The operation creates the KMS key and its metadata in AWS KMS and creates the key material in the AWS CloudHSM cluster associated with the custom key store. The --custom-key-store-id and --origin parameters are required.

aws kms create-key \
    --origin AWS_CLOUDHSM \
    --custom-key-store-id cks-1234567890abcdef0

Output:

{
    "KeyMetadata": {
        "Arn": "arn:aws:kms:us-east-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab",
        "AWSAccountId": "111122223333",
        "CloudHsmClusterId": "cluster-1a23b4cdefg",
        "CreationDate": "2019-12-02T07:48:55-07:00",
        "CustomerMasterKeySpec": "SYMMETRIC_DEFAULT",
        "CustomKeyStoreId": "cks-1234567890abcdef0",
        "Description": "",
        "Enabled": true,
        "EncryptionAlgorithms": [
            "SYMMETRIC_DEFAULT"
        ],
        "KeyId": "1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab",
        "KeyManager": "CUSTOMER",
        "KeySpec": "SYMMETRIC_DEFAULT",
        "KeyState": "Enabled",
        "KeyUsage": "ENCRYPT_DECRYPT",
        "MultiRegion": false,
        "Origin": "AWS_CLOUDHSM"
    }
}

Output

KeyMetadata -> (structure)

Metadata associated with the KMS key.

AWSAccountId -> (string)

The twelve-digit account ID of the Amazon Web Services account that owns the KMS key.

KeyId -> (string)

The globally unique identifier for the KMS key.

Arn -> (string)

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the KMS key. For examples, see Key Management Service (KMS) in the Example ARNs section of the Amazon Web Services General Reference .

CreationDate -> (timestamp)

The date and time when the KMS key was created.

Enabled -> (boolean)

Specifies whether the KMS key is enabled. When KeyState is Enabled this value is true, otherwise it is false.

Description -> (string)

The description of the KMS key.

KeyUsage -> (string)

The cryptographic operations for which you can use the KMS key.

KeyState -> (string)

The current status of the KMS key.

For more information about how key state affects the use of a KMS key, see Key states of KMS keys in the Key Management Service Developer Guide .

DeletionDate -> (timestamp)

The date and time after which KMS deletes this KMS key. This value is present only when the KMS key is scheduled for deletion, that is, when its KeyState is PendingDeletion .

When the primary key in a multi-Region key is scheduled for deletion but still has replica keys, its key state is PendingReplicaDeletion and the length of its waiting period is displayed in the PendingDeletionWindowInDays field.

ValidTo -> (timestamp)

The time at which the imported key material expires. When the key material expires, KMS deletes the key material and the KMS key becomes unusable. This value is present only for KMS keys whose Origin is EXTERNAL and whose ExpirationModel is KEY_MATERIAL_EXPIRES , otherwise this value is omitted.

Origin -> (string)

The source of the key material for the KMS key. When this value is AWS_KMS , KMS created the key material. When this value is EXTERNAL , the key material was imported or the KMS key doesn't have any key material. When this value is AWS_CLOUDHSM , the key material was created in the CloudHSM cluster associated with a custom key store.

CustomKeyStoreId -> (string)

A unique identifier for the custom key store that contains the KMS key. This value is present only when the KMS key is created in a custom key store.

CloudHsmClusterId -> (string)

The cluster ID of the CloudHSM cluster that contains the key material for the KMS key. When you create a KMS key in a custom key store , KMS creates the key material for the KMS key in the associated CloudHSM cluster. This value is present only when the KMS key is created in a custom key store.

ExpirationModel -> (string)

Specifies whether the KMS key's key material expires. This value is present only when Origin is EXTERNAL , otherwise this value is omitted.

KeyManager -> (string)

The manager of the KMS key. KMS keys in your Amazon Web Services account are either customer managed or Amazon Web Services managed. For more information about the difference, see KMS keys in the Key Management Service Developer Guide .

CustomerMasterKeySpec -> (string)

Instead, use the KeySpec field.

The KeySpec and CustomerMasterKeySpec fields have the same value. We recommend that you use the KeySpec field in your code. However, to avoid breaking changes, KMS will support both fields.

KeySpec -> (string)

Describes the type of key material in the KMS key.

EncryptionAlgorithms -> (list)

The encryption algorithms that the KMS key supports. You cannot use the KMS key with other encryption algorithms within KMS.

This value is present only when the KeyUsage of the KMS key is ENCRYPT_DECRYPT .

(string)

SigningAlgorithms -> (list)

The signing algorithms that the KMS key supports. You cannot use the KMS key with other signing algorithms within KMS.

This field appears only when the KeyUsage of the KMS key is SIGN_VERIFY .

(string)

MultiRegion -> (boolean)

Indicates whether the KMS key is a multi-Region (True ) or regional (False ) key. This value is True for multi-Region primary and replica keys and False for regional KMS keys.

For more information about multi-Region keys, see Multi-Region keys in KMS in the Key Management Service Developer Guide .

MultiRegionConfiguration -> (structure)

Lists the primary and replica keys in same multi-Region key. This field is present only when the value of the MultiRegion field is True .

For more information about any listed KMS key, use the DescribeKey operation.

  • MultiRegionKeyType indicates whether the KMS key is a PRIMARY or REPLICA key.
  • PrimaryKey displays the key ARN and Region of the primary key. This field displays the current KMS key if it is the primary key.
  • ReplicaKeys displays the key ARNs and Regions of all replica keys. This field includes the current KMS key if it is a replica key.

MultiRegionKeyType -> (string)

Indicates whether the KMS key is a PRIMARY or REPLICA key.

PrimaryKey -> (structure)

Displays the key ARN and Region of the primary key. This field includes the current KMS key if it is the primary key.

Arn -> (string)

Displays the key ARN of a primary or replica key of a multi-Region key.

Region -> (string)

Displays the Amazon Web Services Region of a primary or replica key in a multi-Region key.

ReplicaKeys -> (list)

displays the key ARNs and Regions of all replica keys. This field includes the current KMS key if it is a replica key.

(structure)

Describes the primary or replica key in a multi-Region key.

Arn -> (string)

Displays the key ARN of a primary or replica key of a multi-Region key.

Region -> (string)

Displays the Amazon Web Services Region of a primary or replica key in a multi-Region key.

PendingDeletionWindowInDays -> (integer)

The waiting period before the primary key in a multi-Region key is deleted. This waiting period begins when the last of its replica keys is deleted. This value is present only when the KeyState of the KMS key is PendingReplicaDeletion . That indicates that the KMS key is the primary key in a multi-Region key, it is scheduled for deletion, and it still has existing replica keys.

When a single-Region KMS key or a multi-Region replica key is scheduled for deletion, its deletion date is displayed in the DeletionDate field. However, when the primary key in a multi-Region key is scheduled for deletion, its waiting period doesn't begin until all of its replica keys are deleted. This value displays that waiting period. When the last replica key in the multi-Region key is deleted, the KeyState of the scheduled primary key changes from PendingReplicaDeletion to PendingDeletion and the deletion date appears in the DeletionDate field.

MacAlgorithms -> (list)

The message authentication code (MAC) algorithm that the HMAC KMS key supports.

This value is present only when the KeyUsage of the KMS key is GENERATE_VERIFY_MAC .

(string)