Amazon Kendra Identity-based policy examples - Amazon Kendra

Amazon Kendra Identity-based policy examples

By default, IAM users and roles don't have permission to create or modify Amazon Kendra resources. They also can't perform tasks using the AWS Management Console, AWS CLI, or AWS API. An IAM administrator must create IAM policies that grant users and roles permission to perform specific API operations on the specified resources they need. The administrator must then attach those policies to the IAM users or groups that require those permissions.

To learn how to create an IAM identity-based policy using these example JSON policy documents, see Creating Policies on the JSON Tab in the IAM User Guide.

Policy best practices

Identity-based policies are very powerful. They determine whether someone can create, access, or delete Amazon Kendra resources in your account. These actions can incur costs for your AWS account. When you create or edit identity-based policies, follow these guidelines and recommendations:

  • Get started using AWS managed policies – To start using Amazon Kendra quickly, use AWS managed policies to give your employees the permissions they need. These policies are already available in your account and are maintained and updated by AWS. For more information, see Get started using permissions with AWS managed policies in the IAM User Guide.

  • Grant least privilege – When you create custom policies, grant only the permissions required to perform a task. Start with a minimum set of permissions and grant additional permissions as necessary. Doing so is more secure than starting with permissions that are too lenient and then trying to tighten them later. For more information, see Grant least privilege in the IAM User Guide.

  • Enable MFA for sensitive operations – For extra security, require IAM users to use multi-factor authentication (MFA) to access sensitive resources or API operations. For more information, see Using multi-factor authentication (MFA) in AWS in the IAM User Guide.

  • Use policy conditions for extra security – To the extent that it's practical, define the conditions under which your identity-based policies allow access to a resource. For example, you can write conditions to specify a range of allowable IP addresses that a request must come from. You can also write conditions to allow requests only within a specified date or time range, or to require the use of SSL or MFA. For more information, see IAM JSON policy elements: Condition in the IAM User Guide.

AWS Managed (Predefined) Polices for Amazon Kendra

AWS addresses many common use cases by providing standalone IAM policies that are created and administered by AWS. These policies are called AWS managed policies. AWS managed policies make it easier for you to assign permissions to users, groups, and roles than if you had to write the policies yourself. For more information, see Adding Permissions to a User in the IAM User Guide.

The following AWS managed policies, which you can attach to groups and roles in your account, are specific to Amazon Kendra:

  • AmazonKendraReadOnly — Grants read-only access to Amazon Kendra resources.

  • AmazonKendraFullAccess — Grants full access to create, read, update, delete, tag, and run all Amazon Kendra resources.

For the console, your role must also have iam:CreateRole, iam:CreatePolicy, iam:AttachRolePolicy, and s3:ListBucket permissions.


You can review these permissions by signing in to the IAM console and searching for specific policies.

You can also create your own custom policies to allow permissions for Amazon Kendra API actions. You can attach these custom policies to the IAM roles or groups that require those permissions. For examples of IAM policies for Amazon Kendra, see Amazon Kendra Identity-based policy examples.

Allow users to view their own permissions

This example shows how you might create a policy that allows IAM users to view the inline and managed policies that are attached to their user identity. This policy includes permissions to complete this action on the console or programmatically using the AWS CLI or AWS API.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "ViewOwnUserInfo", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "iam:GetUserPolicy", "iam:ListGroupsForUser", "iam:ListAttachedUserPolicies", "iam:ListUserPolicies", "iam:GetUser" ], "Resource": ["arn:aws:iam::*:user/${aws:username}"] }, { "Sid": "NavigateInConsole", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "iam:GetGroupPolicy", "iam:GetPolicyVersion", "iam:GetPolicy", "iam:ListAttachedGroupPolicies", "iam:ListGroupPolicies", "iam:ListPolicyVersions", "iam:ListPolicies", "iam:ListUsers" ], "Resource": "*" } ] }

Accessing one Amazon Kendra index

In this example, you want to grant an IAM user in your AWS account access to query an index.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "QueryIndex", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "kendra:Query" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:kendra:${Region}:${Account}:index/${Index ID}" } ] }

Tag-based policy examples

Tag-based policies are JSON policy documents that specify the actions that a principal can perform on tagged resources.

Example: Use a tag to access a resource

This example policy grants an IAM user or role in your AWS account permission to use the Query operation with any resource tagged with the key department and the value finance.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "kendra:Query" ], "Resource": "*", "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "aws:ResourceTag/department": "finance" } } } ] }

Example: Use a tag to enable Amazon Kendra operations

This example policy grants an IAM user or role in your AWS account permission to use any Amazon Kendra operation except TagResource operation with any resource tagged with the key department and the value finance.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": "kendra:*", "Resource": "*" }, { "Effect": "Deny", "Action": [ "kendra:TagResource" ], "Resource": "*", "Condition": { "StringEquals": { "aws:ResourceTag/department": "finance" } } } ] }

Example: Use a tag to restrict access to an operation

This example policy restricts access for an IAM user or role in your AWS account to use the CreateIndex operation unless the user provides the department tag and it has the allowed values finance and IT.

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": "kendra:CreateIndex", "Resource": "*" }, { "Effect": "Deny", "Action": "kendra:CreateIndex", "Resource": "*", "Condition": { "Null": { "aws:RequestTag/department": "true" } } }, { "Effect": "Deny", "Action": "kendra:CreateIndex", "Resource": "*", "Condition": { "ForAnyValue:StringNotEquals": { "aws:RequestTag/department": [ "finance", "IT" ] } } } ] }