EnableKeyRotation - AWS Key Management Service

EnableKeyRotation

Enables automatic rotation of the key material of the specified symmetric encryption KMS key.

When you enable automatic rotation of acustomer managed KMS key, AWS KMS rotates the key material of the KMS key one year (approximately 365 days) from the enable date and every year thereafter. You can monitor rotation of the key material for your KMS keys in AWS CloudTrail and Amazon CloudWatch. To disable rotation of the key material in a customer managed KMS key, use the DisableKeyRotation operation.

Automatic key rotation is supported only on symmetric encryption KMS keys. You cannot enable or disable automatic rotation of asymmetric KMS keys, HMAC KMS keys, KMS keys with imported key material, or KMS keys in a custom key store. The key rotation status of these KMS keys is always false. To enable or disable automatic rotation of a set of related multi-Region keys, set the property on the primary key.

You cannot enable or disable automatic rotation AWS managed KMS keys. AWS KMS always rotates the key material of AWS managed keys every year. Rotation of AWS owned KMS keys varies.

Note

In May 2022, AWS KMS changed the rotation schedule for AWS managed keys from every three years (approximately 1,095 days) to every year (approximately 365 days).

New AWS managed keys are automatically rotated one year after they are created, and approximately every year thereafter.

Existing AWS managed keys are automatically rotated one year after their most recent rotation, and every year thereafter.

The KMS key that you use for this operation must be in a compatible key state. For details, see Key states of AWS KMS keys in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.

Cross-account use: No. You cannot perform this operation on a KMS key in a different AWS account.

Required permissions: kms:EnableKeyRotation (key policy)

Related operations:

Request Syntax

{ "KeyId": "string" }

Request Parameters

For information about the parameters that are common to all actions, see Common Parameters.

The request accepts the following data in JSON format.

Note

In the following list, the required parameters are described first.

KeyId

Identifies a symmetric encryption KMS key. You cannot enable or disable automatic rotation of asymmetric KMS keys, HMAC KMS keys, KMS keys with imported key material, or KMS keys in a custom key store. The key rotation status of these KMS keys is always false. To enable or disable automatic rotation of a set of related multi-Region keys, set the property on the primary key.

Specify the key ID or key ARN of the KMS key.

For example:

  • Key ID: 1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab

  • Key ARN: arn:aws:kms:us-east-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab

To get the key ID and key ARN for a KMS key, use ListKeys or DescribeKey.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 2048.

Required: Yes

Response Elements

If the action is successful, the service sends back an HTTP 200 response with an empty HTTP body.

Errors

For information about the errors that are common to all actions, see Common Errors.

DependencyTimeoutException

The system timed out while trying to fulfill the request. The request can be retried.

HTTP Status Code: 500

DisabledException

The request was rejected because the specified KMS key is not enabled.

HTTP Status Code: 400

InvalidArnException

The request was rejected because a specified ARN, or an ARN in a key policy, is not valid.

HTTP Status Code: 400

KMSInternalException

The request was rejected because an internal exception occurred. The request can be retried.

HTTP Status Code: 500

KMSInvalidStateException

The request was rejected because the state of the specified resource is not valid for this request.

For more information about how key state affects the use of a KMS key, see Key states of AWS KMS keys in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide .

HTTP Status Code: 400

NotFoundException

The request was rejected because the specified entity or resource could not be found.

HTTP Status Code: 400

UnsupportedOperationException

The request was rejected because a specified parameter is not supported or a specified resource is not valid for this operation.

HTTP Status Code: 400

Examples

Example Request

The following example is formatted for legibility.

POST / HTTP/1.1 Host: kms.us-east-2.amazonaws.com Content-Length: 48 X-Amz-Target: TrentService.EnableKeyRotation X-Amz-Date: 20161107T221835Z Content-Type: application/x-amz-json-1.1 Authorization: AWS4-HMAC-SHA256\ Credential=AKIAI44QH8DHBEXAMPLE/20161107/us-east-2/kms/aws4_request,\ SignedHeaders=content-type;host;x-amz-date;x-amz-target,\ Signature=4783e177036ca78627fe0cda9dcfdaf4ad7c8312d0e7c3d71d814b0c4cff1c0b {"KeyId": "1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab"}

Example Response

This example illustrates one usage of EnableKeyRotation.

HTTP/1.1 200 OK Server: Server Date: Mon, 07 Nov 2016 22:18:36 GMT Content-Type: application/x-amz-json-1.1 Content-Length: 0 Connection: keep-alive x-amzn-RequestId: 2077c3bf-a538-11e6-b6fb-794e83344f84

See Also

For more information about using this API in one of the language-specific AWS SDKs, see the following: