AWS Identity and Access Management for Amazon Lookout for Equipment - Amazon Lookout for Equipment

AWS Identity and Access Management for Amazon Lookout for Equipment

Before you use IAM to manage access to Amazon Lookout for Equipment, learn what IAM features are available to use with Amazon Lookout for Equipment.

To get a high-level view of how Lookout for Equipment and other AWS services work with most IAM features, see AWS services that work with IAM in the IAM User Guide.

Lookout for Equipment identity-based policies

Identity-based policies are JSON permissions policy documents that you can attach to an identity, such as an IAM user, group of users, or role. These policies control what actions users and roles can perform, on which resources, and under what conditions. To learn how to create an identity-based policy, see Creating IAM policies in the IAM User Guide.

With IAM identity-based policies, you can specify allowed or denied actions and resources as well as the conditions under which actions are allowed or denied. You can't specify the principal in an identity-based policy because it applies to the user or role to which it is attached. To learn about all of the elements that you can use in a JSON policy, see IAM JSON policy elements reference in the IAM User Guide.

Actions

Administrators can use AWS JSON policies to specify who has access to what. That is, which principal can perform actions on what resources, and under what conditions.

The Action element of a JSON policy describes the actions that you can use to allow or deny access in a policy. Policy actions usually have the same name as the associated AWS API operation. There are some exceptions, such as permission-only actions that don't have a matching API operation. There are also some operations that require multiple actions in a policy. These additional actions are called dependent actions.

Include actions in a policy to grant permissions to perform the associated operation.

Policy actions in Lookout for Equipment use the following prefix before the action: lookoutequipment:. For example, to grant someone permission to list Lookout for Equipment datasets with the ListDatasets API operation, you include the lookoutequipment:ListDatasets action in their policy. Policy statements must include either an Action or NotAction element. Lookout for Equipment defines its own set of actions that describe tasks that you can perform with this service.

To specify multiple actions in a single statement, separate them with commas as follows.

"Action": [ "lookoutequipment:action1", "lookoutequipment:action2" ]

You can specify multiple actions using wildcards (*). For example, to specify all actions that begin with the word Describe, include the following action.

"Action": "lookoutequipment:Describe*"

Resources

Administrators can use AWS JSON policies to specify who has access to what. That is, which principal can perform actions on what resources, and under what conditions.

The Resource JSON policy element specifies the object or objects to which the action applies. Statements must include either a Resource or a NotResource element. As a best practice, specify a resource using its Amazon Resource Name (ARN). You can do this for actions that support a specific resource type, known as resource-level permissions.

For actions that don't support resource-level permissions, such as listing operations, use a wildcard (*) to indicate that the statement applies to all resources.

"Resource": "*"

The Lookout for Equipment dataset resource has the following Amazon Resource Name (ARN).

arn:${Partition}:lookoutequipment:${Region}:${Account}:dataset/${datasetName}/${GUID}

For example, to specify a dataset in your statement, use the full ARN:

"Resource": "arn:aws:lookoutequipment:${Region}:${Account}:dataset/${datasetName}/${GUID}"

Some Lookout for Equipment actions, such as those for creating resources, cannot be performed on a specific resource. In those cases, you must use the wildcard (*).

"Resource": "*"

To see a list of Lookout for Equipment resource types and their ARNs, see Resources Defined by Amazon Lookout for Equipment in the Service Authorization Reference. To learn with which actions you can specify the ARN of each resource, see Actions defined by Amazon Lookout for Equipment. For more information about the format of ARNs, see Amazon Resource Names (ARNs) and AWS Service Namespaces.

Condition keys

Administrators can use AWS JSON policies to specify who has access to what. That is, which principal can perform actions on what resources, and under what conditions.

The Condition element (or Condition block) lets you specify conditions in which a statement is in effect. The Condition element is optional. You can create conditional expressions that use condition operators, such as equals or less than, to match the condition in the policy with values in the request.

If you specify multiple Condition elements in a statement, or multiple keys in a single Condition element, AWS evaluates them using a logical AND operation. If you specify multiple values for a single condition key, AWS evaluates the condition using a logical OR operation. All of the conditions must be met before the statement's permissions are granted.

You can also use placeholder variables when you specify conditions. For example, you can grant an IAM user permission to access a resource only if it is tagged with their IAM user name. For more information, see IAM policy elements: variables and tags in the IAM User Guide.

AWS supports global condition keys and service-specific condition keys. To see all AWS global condition keys, see AWS global condition context keys in the IAM User Guide.

To view examples of Amazon Lookout for Equipment identity-based policies, see Identity-based policy examples for Amazon Lookout for Equipment.

Access control lists (ACLs) in Lookout for Equipment

Access control lists (ACLs) control which principals (account members, users, or roles) have permissions to access a resource. ACLs are similar to resource-based policies, although they do not use the JSON policy document format.

Access control lists (ACLs) are lists of grantees that you can attach to resources. They grant accounts permissions to access the resource to which they are attached. You can attach ACLs to an Amazon S3 bucket resource.

With Amazon S3 access control lists (ACLs), you can manage access to bucket resources. Each bucket has an ACL attached to it as a subresource. It defines which AWS accounts, IAM users or groups of users, or IAM roles are granted access and the type of access. When a request is received for a resource, AWS checks the corresponding ACL to verify that the requester has the necessary access permissions.

When you create a bucket resource, Amazon S3 creates a default ACL that grants the resource owner full control over the resource. In the following example bucket ACL, John Doe is listed as the owner of the bucket and is granted full control over that bucket. An ACL can have up to 100 grantees.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <AccessControlPolicy xmlns="http://lookoutequipment.amazonaws.com/doc/2006-03-01/"> <Owner> <ID>c1daexampleaaf850ea79cf0430f33d72579fd1611c97f7ded193374c0b163b6</ID> <DisplayName>john-doe</DisplayName> </Owner> <AccessControlList> <Grant> <Grantee xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:type="Canonical User"> <ID>c1daexampleaaf850ea79cf0430f33d72579fd1611c97f7ded193374c0b163b6</ID> <DisplayName>john-doe</DisplayName> </Grantee> <Permission>FULL_CONTROL</Permission> </Grant> </AccessControlList> </AccessControlPolicy>

The ID field in the ACL is the AWS account canonical user ID. To learn how to view this ID in an account that you own, see Finding an AWS account canonical user ID.

Attribute-based access control (ABAC) with Lookout for Equipment

Attribute-based access control (ABAC) is an authorization strategy that defines permissions based on attributes. In AWS, these attributes are called tags. You can attach tags to IAM entities (users or roles) and to many AWS resources. Tagging entities and resources is the first step of ABAC. Then you design ABAC policies to allow operations when the principal's tag matches the tag on the resource that they are trying to access.

ABAC is helpful in environments that are growing rapidly and helps with situations where policy management becomes cumbersome.

To control access based on tags, you provide tag information in the condition element of a policy using the aws:ResourceTag/key-name, aws:RequestTag/key-name, or aws:TagKeys condition keys.

If a service supports all three condition keys for every resource type, then the value is Yes for the service. If a service supports all three condition keys for only some resource types, then the value is Partial.

For more information about ABAC, see What is ABAC? in the IAM User Guide. To view a tutorial with steps for setting up ABAC, see Use attribute-based access control (ABAC) in the IAM User Guide.

Using Temporary credentials with Lookout for Equipment

Some AWS services don't work when you sign in using temporary credentials. For additional information, including which AWS services work with temporary credentials, see AWS services that work with IAM in the IAM User Guide.

You are using temporary credentials if you sign in to the AWS Management Console using any method except a user name and password. For example, when you access AWS using your company's single sign-on (SSO) link, that process automatically creates temporary credentials. You also automatically create temporary credentials when you sign in to the console as a user and then switch roles. For more information about switching roles, see Switching to a role (console) in the IAM User Guide.

You can manually create temporary credentials using the AWS CLI or AWS API. You can then use those temporary credentials to access AWS. AWS recommends that you dynamically generate temporary credentials instead of using long-term access keys. For more information, see Temporary security credentials in IAM.

Cross-service principal permissions for Lookout for Equipment

When you use an IAM user or role to perform actions in AWS, you are considered a principal. Policies grant permissions to a principal. When you use some services, you might perform an action that then triggers another action in a different service. In this case, you must have permissions to perform both actions. To see whether an action requires additional dependent actions in a policy, see Actions, Resources, and Condition Keys for Amazon Lookout for Equipment in the Service Authorization Reference.

Service roles for Lookout for Equipment

A service role is an IAM role that a service assumes to perform actions on your behalf. An IAM administrator can create, modify, and delete a service role from within IAM. For more information, see Creating a role to delegate permissions to an AWS service in the IAM User Guide.

Warning

Changing the permissions for a service role might break Lookout for Equipment functionality. Edit service roles only when Lookout for Equipment provides guidance to do so.

Choosing an IAM role in Lookout for Equipment

When you create a resource in Lookout for Equipment, you must choose a role to allow Lookout for Equipment to access Amazon S3 on your behalf. If you have previously created a service role or service-linked role, then Lookout for Equipment provides you with a list of roles to choose from. It's important to choose a role that allows access to read and write to your Amazon S3 bucket. instances