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[ aws . ecs ]

start-task

Description

Starts a new task from the specified task definition on the specified container instance or instances.

Alternatively, you can use run-task to place tasks for you. For more information, see Scheduling Tasks in the Amazon Elastic Container Service Developer Guide .

See also: AWS API Documentation

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Synopsis

  start-task
[--cluster <value>]
--task-definition <value>
[--overrides <value>]
--container-instances <value>
[--started-by <value>]
[--group <value>]
[--network-configuration <value>]
[--cli-input-json <value>]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]

Options

--cluster (string)

The short name or full Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the cluster on which to start your task. If you do not specify a cluster, the default cluster is assumed.

--task-definition (string)

The family and revision (family:revision ) or full ARN of the task definition to start. If a revision is not specified, the latest ACTIVE revision is used.

--overrides (structure)

A list of container overrides in JSON format that specify the name of a container in the specified task definition and the overrides it should receive. You can override the default command for a container (that is specified in the task definition or Docker image) with a command override. You can also override existing environment variables (that are specified in the task definition or Docker image) on a container or add new environment variables to it with an environment override.

Note

A total of 8192 characters are allowed for overrides. This limit includes the JSON formatting characters of the override structure.

JSON Syntax:

{
  "containerOverrides": [
    {
      "name": "string",
      "command": ["string", ...],
      "environment": [
        {
          "name": "string",
          "value": "string"
        }
        ...
      ],
      "cpu": integer,
      "memory": integer,
      "memoryReservation": integer
    }
    ...
  ],
  "taskRoleArn": "string",
  "executionRoleArn": "string"
}

--container-instances (list)

The container instance IDs or full ARN entries for the container instances on which you would like to place your task. You can specify up to 10 container instances.

Syntax:

"string" "string" ...

--started-by (string)

An optional tag specified when a task is started. For example if you automatically trigger a task to run a batch process job, you could apply a unique identifier for that job to your task with the startedBy parameter. You can then identify which tasks belong to that job by filtering the results of a list-tasks call with the startedBy value. Up to 36 letters (uppercase and lowercase), numbers, hyphens, and underscores are allowed.

If a task is started by an Amazon ECS service, then the startedBy parameter contains the deployment ID of the service that starts it.

--group (string)

The name of the task group to associate with the task. The default value is the family name of the task definition (for example, family:my-family-name).

--network-configuration (structure)

The VPC subnet and security group configuration for tasks that receive their own Elastic Network Interface by using the awsvpc networking mode.

Shorthand Syntax:

awsvpcConfiguration={subnets=[string,string],securityGroups=[string,string],assignPublicIp=string}

JSON Syntax:

{
  "awsvpcConfiguration": {
    "subnets": ["string", ...],
    "securityGroups": ["string", ...],
    "assignPublicIp": "ENABLED"|"DISABLED"
  }
}

--cli-input-json (string) Performs service operation based on the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, the CLI values will override the JSON-provided values.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Output

tasks -> (list)

A full description of the tasks that were started. Each task that was successfully placed on your container instances is described.

(structure)

Details on a task in a cluster.

taskArn -> (string)

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the task.

clusterArn -> (string)

The ARN of the cluster that hosts the task.

taskDefinitionArn -> (string)

The ARN of the task definition that creates the task.

containerInstanceArn -> (string)

The ARN of the container instances that host the task.

overrides -> (structure)

One or more container overrides.

containerOverrides -> (list)

One or more container overrides sent to a task.

(structure)

The overrides that should be sent to a container.

name -> (string)

The name of the container that receives the override. This parameter is required if any override is specified.

command -> (list)

The command to send to the container that overrides the default command from the Docker image or the task definition. You must also specify a container name.

(string)

environment -> (list)

The environment variables to send to the container. You can add new environment variables, which are added to the container at launch, or you can override the existing environment variables from the Docker image or the task definition. You must also specify a container name.

(structure)

A key and value pair object.

name -> (string)

The name of the key value pair. For environment variables, this is the name of the environment variable.

value -> (string)

The value of the key value pair. For environment variables, this is the value of the environment variable.

cpu -> (integer)

The number of cpu units reserved for the container, instead of the default value from the task definition. You must also specify a container name.

memory -> (integer)

The hard limit (in MiB) of memory to present to the container, instead of the default value from the task definition. If your container attempts to exceed the memory specified here, the container is killed. You must also specify a container name.

memoryReservation -> (integer)

The soft limit (in MiB) of memory to reserve for the container, instead of the default value from the task definition. You must also specify a container name.

taskRoleArn -> (string)

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the IAM role that containers in this task can assume. All containers in this task are granted the permissions that are specified in this role.

executionRoleArn -> (string)

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the task execution role that the Amazon ECS container agent and the Docker daemon can assume.

lastStatus -> (string)

The last known status of the task.

desiredStatus -> (string)

The desired status of the task.

cpu -> (string)

The number of cpu units used by the task. If using the EC2 launch type, this field is optional and any value can be used. If using the Fargate launch type, this field is required and you must use one of the following values, which determines your range of valid values for the memory parameter:

  • 256 (.25 vCPU) - Available memory values: 0.5GB, 1GB, 2GB
  • 512 (.5 vCPU) - Available memory values: 1GB, 2GB, 3GB, 4GB
  • 1024 (1 vCPU) - Available memory values: 2GB, 3GB, 4GB, 5GB, 6GB, 7GB, 8GB
  • 2048 (2 vCPU) - Available memory values: Between 4GB and 16GB in 1GB increments
  • 4096 (4 vCPU) - Available memory values: Between 8GB and 30GB in 1GB increments

memory -> (string)

The amount (in MiB) of memory used by the task. If using the EC2 launch type, this field is optional and any value can be used. If using the Fargate launch type, this field is required and you must use one of the following values, which determines your range of valid values for the cpu parameter:

  • 0.5GB, 1GB, 2GB - Available cpu values: 256 (.25 vCPU)
  • 1GB, 2GB, 3GB, 4GB - Available cpu values: 512 (.5 vCPU)
  • 2GB, 3GB, 4GB, 5GB, 6GB, 7GB, 8GB - Available cpu values: 1024 (1 vCPU)
  • Between 4GB and 16GB in 1GB increments - Available cpu values: 2048 (2 vCPU)
  • Between 8GB and 30GB in 1GB increments - Available cpu values: 4096 (4 vCPU)

containers -> (list)

The containers associated with the task.

(structure)

A Docker container that is part of a task.

containerArn -> (string)

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the container.

taskArn -> (string)

The ARN of the task.

name -> (string)

The name of the container.

lastStatus -> (string)

The last known status of the container.

exitCode -> (integer)

The exit code returned from the container.

reason -> (string)

A short (255 max characters) human-readable string to provide additional details about a running or stopped container.

networkBindings -> (list)

The network bindings associated with the container.

(structure)

Details on the network bindings between a container and its host container instance. After a task reaches the RUNNING status, manual and automatic host and container port assignments are visible in the networkBindings section of describe-tasks API responses.

bindIP -> (string)

The IP address that the container is bound to on the container instance.

containerPort -> (integer)

The port number on the container that is used with the network binding.

hostPort -> (integer)

The port number on the host that is used with the network binding.

protocol -> (string)

The protocol used for the network binding.

networkInterfaces -> (list)

The network interfaces associated with the container.

(structure)

An object representing the Elastic Network Interface for tasks that use the awsvpc network mode.

attachmentId -> (string)

The attachment ID for the network interface.

privateIpv4Address -> (string)

The private IPv4 address for the network interface.

ipv6Address -> (string)

The private IPv6 address for the network interface.

startedBy -> (string)

The tag specified when a task is started. If the task is started by an Amazon ECS service, then the startedBy parameter contains the deployment ID of the service that starts it.

version -> (long)

The version counter for the task. Every time a task experiences a change that triggers a CloudWatch event, the version counter is incremented. If you are replicating your Amazon ECS task state with CloudWatch Events, you can compare the version of a task reported by the Amazon ECS APIs with the version reported in CloudWatch Events for the task (inside the detail object) to verify that the version in your event stream is current.

stoppedReason -> (string)

The reason the task was stopped.

connectivity -> (string)

The connectivity status of a task.

connectivityAt -> (timestamp)

The Unix time stamp for when the task last went into CONNECTED status.

pullStartedAt -> (timestamp)

The Unix time stamp for when the container image pull began.

pullStoppedAt -> (timestamp)

The Unix time stamp for when the container image pull completed.

executionStoppedAt -> (timestamp)

The Unix timestamp for when the task execution stopped.

createdAt -> (timestamp)

The Unix time stamp for when the task was created (the task entered the PENDING state).

startedAt -> (timestamp)

The Unix time stamp for when the task started (the task transitioned from the PENDING state to the RUNNING state).

stoppingAt -> (timestamp)

The Unix time stamp for when the task will stop (the task transitioned from the RUNNING state to the STOPPED state).

stoppedAt -> (timestamp)

The Unix time stamp for when the task was stopped (the task transitioned from the RUNNING state to the STOPPED state).

group -> (string)

The name of the task group associated with the task.

launchType -> (string)

The launch type on which your task is running.

platformVersion -> (string)

The platform version on which your task is running. For more information, see AWS Fargate Platform Versions in the Amazon Elastic Container Service Developer Guide .

attachments -> (list)

The Elastic Network Adapter associated with the task if the task uses the awsvpc network mode.

(structure)

An object representing a container instance or task attachment.

id -> (string)

The unique identifier for the attachment.

type -> (string)

The type of the attachment, such as an ElasticNetworkInterface .

status -> (string)

The status of the attachment. Valid values are PRECREATED , CREATED , ATTACHING , ATTACHED , DETACHING , DETACHED , and DELETED .

details -> (list)

Details of the attachment. For Elastic Network Interfaces, this includes the network interface ID, the MAC address, the subnet ID, and the private IPv4 address.

(structure)

A key and value pair object.

name -> (string)

The name of the key value pair. For environment variables, this is the name of the environment variable.

value -> (string)

The value of the key value pair. For environment variables, this is the value of the environment variable.

failures -> (list)

Any failures associated with the call.

(structure)

A failed resource.

arn -> (string)

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the failed resource.

reason -> (string)

The reason for the failure.