Data Protection in Amazon Forecast - Amazon Forecast

Data Protection in Amazon Forecast

The AWS shared responsibility model applies to data protection in Amazon Forecast. As described in this model, AWS is responsible for protecting the global infrastructure that runs all of the AWS Cloud. You are responsible for maintaining control over your content that is hosted on this infrastructure. This content includes the security configuration and management tasks for the AWS services that you use. For more information about data privacy, see the Data Privacy FAQ. For information about data protection in Europe, see the AWS Shared Responsibility Model and GDPR blog post on the AWS Security Blog.

For data protection purposes, we recommend that you protect AWS account credentials and set up individual user accounts with AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM). That way each user is given only the permissions necessary to fulfill their job duties. We also recommend that you secure your data in the following ways:

  • Use multi-factor authentication (MFA) with each account.

  • Use SSL/TLS to communicate with AWS resources. We recommend TLS 1.2 or later.

  • Set up API and user activity logging with AWS CloudTrail.

  • Use AWS encryption solutions, along with all default security controls within AWS services.

  • Use advanced managed security services such as Amazon Macie, which assists in discovering and securing personal data that is stored in Amazon S3.

  • If you require FIPS 140-2 validated cryptographic modules when accessing AWS through a command line interface or an API, use a FIPS endpoint. For more information about the available FIPS endpoints, see Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 140-2.

We strongly recommend that you never put confidential or sensitive information, such as your customers' email addresses, into tags or free-form fields such as a Name field. This includes when you work with Forecast or other AWS services using the console, API, AWS CLI, or AWS SDKs. Any data that you enter into tags or free-form fields used for names may be used for billing or diagnostic logs. If you provide a URL to an external server, we strongly recommend that you do not include credentials information in the URL to validate your request to that server.

Encryption at Rest

In Amazon Forecast encryption configuration is provided during the CreateDataset and CreatePredictor operations. If encryption configuration is provided in the CreateDataset operation, your CMK and IAM Role for encryption at rest is used in the CreateDatasetImportJob operation.

For example, if you provide your key's KMSKeyArn and a RoleArn in the EncryptionConfig statement of the CreateDataset operation, Forecast will assume that role and use the key to encrypt the dataset. If no configuration is provided, then Forecast uses the default service keys for encryption. Additionally, if you provide the EncryptionConfig information for the CreatePredictor operation, then all subsequent operations, such as CreatePredictorExplanability, CreateForecast and CreatePredictorBacktestExportJob, will use the same configuration to perform encryption at rest. Again, if you do not provide an encryption configuration, then Forecast will use the default service encryption.

For any data stored in your Amazon S3 bucket, data is encrypted by the default Amazon S3 key. You can also use your own AWS KMS key to encrypt your data and give Forecast access to this key. For information about data encryption in Amazon S3 see Protecting data using encryption. For information about managing your own AWS KMS key, see Managing keys in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.

Encryption in Transit and Processing

Amazon Forecast uses TLS with AWS certificates to encrypt any data sent to other AWS services. Any communication with other AWS services happens over HTTPS, and Forecast endpoints support only secure connections over HTTPS.

Amazon Forecast copies data out of your account and processes it in an internal AWS system. When processing data, Forecast encrypts data with either a Forecast AWS KMS key or any AWS KMS key you provide.