Migrate an on-premises SFTP server to AWS using AWS Transfer for SFTP - AWS Prescriptive Guidance

Migrate an on-premises SFTP server to AWS using AWS Transfer for SFTP

Created by Akash Kumar (AWS)

Environment: Production

Source: Storage

Target: Amazon S3

R Type: Rehost

Technologies: Migration; Storage & backup; Web & mobile apps

AWS services: Amazon S3; AWS Transfer Family; Amazon CloudWatch Logs

Summary

This pattern describes how to migrate an on-premises file transfer solution that uses the Secure Shell (SSH) File Transfer Protocol (SFTP) to the Amazon Web Services (AWS) Cloud by using the AWS Transfer for SFTP service. Users generally connect to an SFTP server either through its domain name or by fixed IP. This pattern covers both cases.

AWS Transfer for SFTP is a member of the AWS Transfer Family. It is a secure transfer service that you can use to transfer files into and out of AWS storage services over SFTP. You can use AWS Transfer for SFTP with Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) or Amazon Elastic File System (Amazon EFS). This pattern uses Amazon S3 for storage.

Prerequisites and limitations

Prerequisites

  • An active AWS account.

  • An existing SFTP domain name or fixed SFTP IP.

Limitations

  • The largest object that you can transfer in one request is currently 5 GiB. For files that are larger than 100 MiB, consider using Amazon S3 multipart upload.

Architecture

Source technology stack  

  • On-premises flat files or database dump files.

Target technology stack  

  • AWS Transfer for SFTP

  • Amazon S3

  • Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC)

  • AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) roles and policies

  • Elastic IP addresses

  • Security groups

  • Amazon CloudWatch Logs (optional)

Target architecture 

Automation and scale

To automate the target architecture for this pattern, use the attached AWS CloudFormation templates:

  • amazon-vpc-subnets.yml provisions a virtual private cloud (VPC) with two public and two private subnets.

  • amazon-sftp-server.yml provisions the SFTP server.

  • amazon-sftp-customer.yml adds users.

Tools

AWS services

  • Amazon CloudWatch Logs helps you centralize the logs from all your systems, applications, and AWS services so you can monitor them and archive them securely.

  • AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) helps you securely manage access to your AWS resources by controlling who is authenticated and authorized to use them.

  • Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) is a cloud-based object storage service that helps you store, protect, and retrieve any amount of data. This pattern uses Amazon S3 as the storage system for file transfers.

  • AWS Transfer for SFTP helps you transfer files into and out of AWS storage services over the SFTP protocol.

  • Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC) helps you launch AWS resources into a virtual network that you’ve defined. This virtual network resembles a traditional network that you’d operate in your own data center, with the benefits of using the scalable infrastructure of AWS.

Epics

TaskDescriptionSkills required

Create a VPC with subnets.

Open the Amazon VPC console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/vpc/. Create a virtual private cloud (VPC) with two public subnets. (The second subnet provides high availability.)

—or—

You can deploy the attached CloudFormation template, amazon-vpc-subnets.yml, in the CloudFormation console to automate the tasks in this epic.

Developer, Systems administrator

Add an internet gateway.

Provision an internet gateway and attach it to the VPC.

Developer, Systems administrator

Migrate an existing IP.

Attach an existing IP to the Elastic IP address. You can create an Elastic IP address from your address pool and use it.

Developer, Systems administrator
TaskDescriptionSkills required

Create an SFTP server.

Open the AWS Transfer Family console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/transfer/. Follow the instructions in Create an internet-facing endpoint for your server in the AWS Transfer Family documentation to create an SFTP server with an internet-facing endpoint. For Endpoint type, choose VPC hosted. For Access, choose Internet Facing. For VPC, choose the VPC you created in the previous epic.

—or—

You can deploy the attached CloudFormation template, amazon-sftp-server.yml, in the CloudFormation console to automate the tasks in this epic.

Developer, Systems administrator

Migrate the domain name.

Attach the existing domain name to the custom hostname. If you're using a new domain name, use the Amazon Route 53 DNS alias. For an existing domain name, choose Other DNS. For more information, see Working with custom hostnames in the AWS Transfer Family documentation.

Developer, Systems administrator

Add a CloudWatch logging role.

(Optional) if you want to enable CloudWatch logging, create a Transfer role with the CloudWatch Logs API operations  logs:CreateLogGroup, logs:CreateLogStream, logs:DescribeLogStreams, and logs:PutLogEvents. For more information, see Log activity with CloudWatch in the AWS Transfer Family documentation.

Developer, system admin

Save and submit.

Choose Save. For Actions, choose Start and wait for the SFTP server to be created with the status Online.

Developer, Systems administrator
TaskDescriptionSkills required

Stop the server so you can modify settings.

On the AWS Transfer Family console, choose Servers, and then select the SFTP server you created. For Actions, choose Stop. When the server is offline, choose Edit to modify its settings.

Developer, system admin

Choose Availability Zones and subnets.

In the Availability Zones section, choose the Availability Zones and subnets for your VPC.

Developer, Systems administrator

Add Elastic IP addresses.

For IPv4 Addresses, choose an Elastic IP address for each subnet, and then choose Save.

Developer, Systems administrator
TaskDescriptionSkills required

Create an IAM role for users to access the S3 bucket.

Create a IAM role for Transfer and add s3:ListBucket, s3:GetBucketLocation, and s3:PutObject with the S3 bucket name as a resource. For more information, see Create an IAM role and policy in the AWS Transfer Family documentation.

—or—

You can deploy the attached CloudFormation template, amazon-sftp-customer.yml, in the CloudFormation console to automate the tasks in this epic.

Developer, Systems administrator

Create an S3 bucket.

Create a S3 bucket for the application.

Developer, Systems administrator

Create optional folders.

(Optional) If you want to store files for users separately, in specific Amazon S3 folders, add folders as appropriate.

Developer, Systems administrator

Create an SSH public key.

To create an SSH key pair, see Generate SSH keys in the AWS Transfer Family documentation.

Developer, Systems administrator

Add users.

On the AWS Transfer Family console, choose Servers, select the SFTP server you created, and then choose Add user. For Home directory, choose the S3 bucket you created. For SSH public key, specify the public key portion of the SSH key pair. Add users for the SFTP server, and then choose Add.

Developer, Systems administrator
TaskDescriptionSkills required

Update the security group.

In the Security Groups section of your SFTP server, add your test machine's IP to gain SFTP access.

Developer

Use an SFTP client utility to test the server.

Test file transfers by using any SFTP client utility. For a list of clients and instructions, see Transferring files using a client in the AWS Transfer Family documentation.

Developer

Related resources

Attachments

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