AWS::Serverless::Function - AWS Serverless Application Model

AWS::Serverless::Function

Creates an AWS Lambda function, an AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) execution role, and event source mappings that trigger the function.

The AWS::Serverless::Function resource also supports the Metadata resource attribute, so you can instruct AWS SAM to build custom runtimes that your application requires. For more information about building custom runtimes, see Building custom runtimes.

Syntax

To declare this entity in your AWS Serverless Application Model (AWS SAM) template, use the following syntax.

Properties

AssumeRolePolicyDocument

Adds an AssumeRolePolicyDocument for the default created Role for this function. If this property isn't specified, AWS SAM adds a default assume role for this function.

Type: JSON

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is similar to the AssumeRolePolicyDocument property of an AWS::IAM::Role resource. AWS SAM adds this property to the generated IAM role for this function. If a role's Amazon Resource Name (ARN) is provided for this function, this property does nothing.

AutoPublishAlias

The name of the Lambda alias. For more information about Lambda aliases, see Lambda function aliases in the AWS Lambda Developer Guide. For examples that use this property, see Deploying serverless applications gradually.

AWS SAM generates AWS::Lambda::Version and AWS::Lambda::Alias resources when this property is set. For information about this scenario, see AutoPublishAlias property is specified. For general information about generated AWS CloudFormation resources, see Generated AWS CloudFormation resources.

Type: String

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is unique to AWS SAM and doesn't have an AWS CloudFormation equivalent.

AutoPublishCodeSha256

The string value that is used, along with the value in CodeUri, to determine whether a new Lambda version should be published.

This property addresses a problem that occurs when an AWS SAM template has the following characteristics: the DeploymentPreference object is configured for gradual deployments (as described in Deploying serverless applications gradually), the AutoPublishAlias property is set and doesn't change between deployments, and the CodeUri property is set and doesn't change between deployments.

This scenario can occur when the deployment package stored in an Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) location is replaced by a new deployment package that contains updated Lambda function code, but the CodeUri property remains unchanged (as opposed to the new deployment package being uploaded to a new Amazon S3 location and the CodeUri being changed to the new location).

In this scenario, to trigger the gradual deployment successfully, you must provide a unique value for AutoPublishCodeSha256.

Type: String

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is unique to AWS SAM and doesn't have an AWS CloudFormation equivalent.

CodeSigningConfigArn

The ARN of the AWS::Lambda::CodeSigningConfig resource, used to enable code signing for this function. For more information about code signing, see Configuring code signing for AWS SAM applications.

Type: String

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is passed directly to the CodeSigningConfigArn property of an AWS::Lambda::Function resource.

CodeUri

The function code's Amazon S3 URI, local file path, or FunctionCode object.

If an Amazon S3 URI or FunctionCode object is provided, the Amazon S3 object referenced must be a valid Lambda deployment package.

If a local file path is provided, for the code to be transformed properly the template must go through the workflow that includes the sam deploy or sam package command.

Note: Either CodeUri or InlineCode is required.

Type: String | FunctionCode

Required: Conditional

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is similar to the Code property of an AWS::Lambda::Function resource. The nested Amazon S3 properties are named differently.

DeadLetterQueue

Configures an Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) topic or Amazon Simple Queue Service (Amazon SQS) queue where Lambda sends events that it can't process. For more information about dead-letter queue functionality, see AWS Lambda function dead letter queues in the AWS Lambda Developer Guide.

Type: Map | DeadLetterQueue

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is similar to the DeadLetterConfig property of an AWS::Lambda::Function resource. In AWS CloudFormation the type is derived from the TargetArn, whereas in AWS SAM you must pass the type along with the TargetArn.

DeploymentPreference

The settings to enable gradual Lambda deployments.

If a DeploymentPreference object is specified, AWS SAM creates an AWS::CodeDeploy::Application called ServerlessDeploymentApplication (one per stack), an AWS::CodeDeploy::DeploymentGroup called <function-logical-id>DeploymentGroup, and an AWS::IAM::Role called CodeDeployServiceRole.

Type: DeploymentPreference

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is unique to AWS SAM and doesn't have an AWS CloudFormation equivalent.

See also: For more information about this property, see Deploying serverless applications gradually.

Description

A description of the function.

Type: String

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is passed directly to the Description property of an AWS::Lambda::Function resource.

Environment

The configuration for the runtime environment.

Type: Environment

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is passed directly to the Environment property of an AWS::Lambda::Function resource.

EventInvokeConfig

The object that describes event invoke configuration on a Lambda function.

Type: EventInvokeConfiguration

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is unique to AWS SAM and doesn't have an AWS CloudFormation equivalent.

Events

Specifies the events that trigger this function. Events consist of a type and a set of properties that depend on the type.

Type: EventSource

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is unique to AWS SAM and doesn't have an AWS CloudFormation equivalent.

FileSystemConfigs

List of FileSystemConfig objects that specify the connection settings for an Amazon Elastic File System (Amazon EFS) file system.

If your template contains an AWS::EFS::MountTarget resource, you must also specify a DependsOn resource attribute to ensure that the mount target is created or updated before the function.

Type: List

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is passed directly to the FileSystemConfigs property of an AWS::Lambda::Function resource.

FunctionName

A name for the function. If you don't specify a name, a unique name is generated for you.

Type: String

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is passed directly to the FunctionName property of an AWS::Lambda::Function resource.

Handler

The function within your code that is called to begin execution. This property is only required if the PackageType property is set to Zip.

Type: String

Required: Conditional

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is passed directly to the Handler property of an AWS::Lambda::Function resource.

ImageConfig

The object used to configure Lambda container image settings. For more information, see Using container images with Lambda in the AWS Lambda Developer Guide.

Type: ImageConfig

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is passed directly to the ImageConfig property of an AWS::Lambda::Function resource.

ImageUri

The URI of the Amazon Elastic Container Registry (Amazon ECR) repository for the Lambda function's container image. For more information, see Using container images with Lambda in the AWS Lambda Developer Guide.

Type: String

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is passed directly to the ImageUri property of the AWS::Lambda::Function Code data type.

InlineCode

The Lambda function code that is written directly in the template.

Note: Either CodeUri or InlineCode is required.

Type: String

Required: Conditional

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is passed directly to the ZipFile property of the AWS::Lambda::Function Code data type.

KmsKeyArn

The ARN of an AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) key that Lambda uses to encrypt and decrypt your function's environment variables.

Type: String

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is passed directly to the KmsKeyArn property of an AWS::Lambda::Function resource.

Layers

The list of LayerVersion ARNs that this function should use. The order specified here is the order in which they will be imported when running the Lambda function.

Type: List

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is passed directly to the Layers property of an AWS::Lambda::Function resource.

MemorySize

The size of the memory in MB allocated per invocation of the function.

Type: Integer

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is passed directly to the MemorySize property of an AWS::Lambda::Function resource.

PackageType

The deployment package type of the Lambda function. For more information, see Lambda deployment packages in the AWS Lambda Developer Guide.

Valid values: Zip or Image

Type: String

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is passed directly to the PackageType property of an AWS::Lambda::Function resource.

PermissionsBoundary

The ARN of a permissions boundary to use for this function's execution role. This property works only if the role is generated for you.

Type: String

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is passed directly to the PermissionsBoundary property of an AWS::IAM::Role resource.

Policies

One or more policies that this function needs. They will be appended to the default role for this function.

This property accepts a single string or a list of strings, and can be the name of AWS managed policies or AWS SAM policy templates, or inline IAM policy documents formatted in YAML.

For more information about AWS managed policies, see AWS managed policies in the IAM User Guide. For more information about AWS SAM policy templates, see AWS SAM policy templates in the AWS Serverless Application Model Developer Guide. For more information about inline policies, see Inline policies in the IAM User Guide.

Note: If the Role property is set, this property is ignored.

Type: String | List | Map

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is similar to the Policies property of an AWS::IAM::Role resource. AWS SAM supports AWS managed policy names and AWS SAM policy templates, in addition to JSON policy documents. AWS CloudFormation accepts only JSON policy documents.

ProvisionedConcurrencyConfig

The provisioned concurrency configuration of a function's alias.

Note: ProvisionedConcurrencyConfig can be specified only if the AutoPublishAlias is set. Otherwise, an error results.

Type: ProvisionedConcurrencyConfig

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is passed directly to the ProvisionedConcurrencyConfig property of an AWS::Lambda::Alias resource.

ReservedConcurrentExecutions

The maximum number of concurrent executions that you want to reserve for the function.

For more information about this property, see AWS Lambda Function Scaling in the AWS Lambda Developer Guide.

Type: Integer

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is passed directly to the ReservedConcurrentExecutions property of an AWS::Lambda::Function resource.

Role

The ARN of an IAM role to use as this function's execution role.

Type: String

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is similar to the Role property of an AWS::Lambda::Function resource. This is required in AWS CloudFormation but not in AWS SAM. If a role isn't specified, one is created for you with a logical ID of <function-logical-id>Role.

Runtime

The identifier of the function's runtime. This property is only required if the PackageType property is set to Zip.

Note: If you specify the provided identifier for this property, you can use the Metadata resource attribute to instruct AWS SAM to build the custom runtime that this function requires. For more information about building custom runtimes, see Building custom runtimes.

Type: String

Required: Conditional

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is passed directly to the Runtime property of an AWS::Lambda::Function resource.

Tags

A map (string to string) that specifies the tags added to the Lambda function and the corresponding execution role. Keys and values are limited to alphanumeric characters. Keys can be 1 to 127 Unicode characters in length and cannot be prefixed with aws:. Values can be 1 to 255 Unicode characters in length.

Type: Map

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is similar to the Tags property of an AWS::Lambda::Function resource. The Tags property in AWS SAM consists of key-value pairs. In AWS CloudFormation it consists of a list of Tag objects. When the stack is created, AWS SAM automatically adds a lambda:createdBy:SAM tag to this Lambda function and the corresponding execution role.

Timeout

The maximum time in seconds that the function can run before it is stopped.

Type: Integer

Required: No

Default: 3

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is passed directly to the Timeout property of an AWS::Lambda::Function resource.

Tracing

The string that specifies the function's X-Ray tracing mode. For more information about X-Ray, see Using AWS Lambda with AWS X-Ray in the AWS Lambda Developer Guide.

Valid values: Active or PassThrough

Type: String

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is similar to the TracingConfig property of an AWS::Lambda::Function resource. If the Tracing property is set to Active and the Role property is not specified, then AWS SAM adds the arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/AWSXrayWriteOnlyAccess policy to the Lambda execution role that it creates for you.

VersionDescription

Specifies the Description field that is added on the new Lambda version resource.

Type: String

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is passed directly to the Description property of an AWS::Lambda::Version resource.

VpcConfig

The configuration that enables this function to access private resources within your virtual private cloud (VPC).

Type: VpcConfig

Required: No

AWS CloudFormation compatibility: This property is passed directly to the VpcConfig property of an AWS::Lambda::Function resource.

Return Values

Ref

When the logical ID of this resource is provided to the Ref intrinsic function, it returns the resource name of the underlying Lambda function.

For more information about using the Ref function, see Ref in the AWS CloudFormation User Guide.

Fn::GetAtt

Fn::GetAtt returns a value for a specified attribute of this type. The following are the available attributes and sample return values.

For more information about using Fn::GetAtt, see Fn::GetAtt in the AWS CloudFormation User Guide.

Arn

The ARN of the underlying Lambda function.

Examples

Simple function

The following is a basic example of an AWS::Serverless::Function resource.

YAML

Type: AWS::Serverless::Function Properties: Handler: index.handler Runtime: python3.6 CodeUri: s3://bucket/key

Function properties example

The following is an example of an AWS::Serverless::Function that uses InlineCode, Layers, Tracing, Policies, Amazon EFS, and an Api event source.

YAML

Type: AWS::Serverless::Function DependsOn: MyMountTarget # This is needed if an AWS::EFS::MountTarget resource is declared for EFS Properties: Handler: index.handler Runtime: python3.6 InlineCode: | def handler(event, context): print("Hello, world!") ReservedConcurrentExecutions: 30 Layers: - Ref: MyLayer Tracing: Active Timeout: 120 FileSystemConfigs: - Arn: !Ref MyEfsFileSystem LocalMountPath: /mnt/EFS Policies: - AWSLambdaExecute - Version: '2012-10-17' Statement: - Effect: Allow Action: - s3:GetObject - s3:GetObjectACL Resource: 'arn:aws:s3:::my-bucket/*' Events: ApiEvent: Type: Api Properties: Path: /path Method: get

ImageConfig example

The following is an example of an ImageConfig for a Lambda function of package type Image.

YAML

HelloWorldFunction: Type: AWS::Serverless::Function Properties: PackageType: Image ImageConfig: Command: - "app.lambda_handler" EntryPoint: - "entrypoint1" WorkingDirectory: "workDir"