Package software.amazon.awscdk.services.ecr


package software.amazon.awscdk.services.ecr

Amazon ECR Construct Library

This package contains constructs for working with Amazon Elastic Container Registry.

Repositories

Define a repository by creating a new instance of Repository. A repository holds multiple versions of a single container image.

 Repository repository = new Repository(this, "Repository");
 

Image scanning

Amazon ECR image scanning helps in identifying software vulnerabilities in your container images. You can manually scan container images stored in Amazon ECR, or you can configure your repositories to scan images when you push them to a repository. To create a new repository to scan on push, simply enable imageScanOnPush in the properties.

 Repository repository = Repository.Builder.create(this, "Repo")
         .imageScanOnPush(true)
         .build();
 

To create an onImageScanCompleted event rule and trigger the event target

 Repository repository;
 SomeTarget target;
 
 
 repository.onImageScanCompleted("ImageScanComplete").addTarget(target);
 

Authorization Token

Besides the Amazon ECR APIs, ECR also allows the Docker CLI or a language-specific Docker library to push and pull images from an ECR repository. However, the Docker CLI does not support native IAM authentication methods and additional steps must be taken so that Amazon ECR can authenticate and authorize Docker push and pull requests. More information can be found at at Registry Authentication.

A Docker authorization token can be obtained using the GetAuthorizationToken ECR API. The following code snippets grants an IAM user access to call this API.

 User user = new User(this, "User");
 AuthorizationToken.grantRead(user);
 

If you access images in the Public ECR Gallery as well, it is recommended you authenticate to the registry to benefit from higher rate and bandwidth limits.

See Pricing in https://aws.amazon.com/blogs/aws/amazon-ecr-public-a-new-public-container-registry/ and Service quotas.

The following code snippet grants an IAM user access to retrieve an authorization token for the public gallery.

 User user = new User(this, "User");
 PublicGalleryAuthorizationToken.grantRead(user);
 

This user can then proceed to login to the registry using one of the authentication methods.

Other Grantee

grantPush

The grantPush method grants the specified IAM entity (the grantee) permission to push images to the ECR repository. Specifically, it grants permissions for the following actions:

  • 'ecr:CompleteLayerUpload'
  • 'ecr:UploadLayerPart'
  • 'ecr:InitiateLayerUpload'
  • 'ecr:BatchCheckLayerAvailability'
  • 'ecr:PutImage'
  • 'ecr:GetAuthorizationToken'

Here is an example of granting a user push permissions:

 Repository repository;
 
 
 Role role = Role.Builder.create(this, "Role")
         .assumedBy(new ServicePrincipal("codebuild.amazonaws.com"))
         .build();
 repository.grantPush(role);
 

grantPull

The grantPull method grants the specified IAM entity (the grantee) permission to pull images from the ECR repository. Specifically, it grants permissions for the following actions:

  • 'ecr:BatchCheckLayerAvailability'
  • 'ecr:GetDownloadUrlForLayer'
  • 'ecr:BatchGetImage'
  • 'ecr:GetAuthorizationToken'

 Repository repository;
 
 
 Role role = Role.Builder.create(this, "Role")
         .assumedBy(new ServicePrincipal("codebuild.amazonaws.com"))
         .build();
 repository.grantPull(role);
 

grantPullPush

The grantPullPush method grants the specified IAM entity (the grantee) permission to both pull and push images from/to the ECR repository. Specifically, it grants permissions for all the actions required for pull and push permissions.

Here is an example of granting a user both pull and push permissions:

 Repository repository;
 
 
 Role role = Role.Builder.create(this, "Role")
         .assumedBy(new ServicePrincipal("codebuild.amazonaws.com"))
         .build();
 repository.grantPullPush(role);
 

By using these methods, you can grant specific operational permissions on the ECR repository to IAM entities. This allows for proper management of access to the repository and ensures security.

Image tag immutability

You can set tag immutability on images in our repository using the imageTagMutability construct prop.

 Repository.Builder.create(this, "Repo").imageTagMutability(TagMutability.IMMUTABLE).build();
 

Encryption

By default, Amazon ECR uses server-side encryption with Amazon S3-managed encryption keys which encrypts your data at rest using an AES-256 encryption algorithm. For more control over the encryption for your Amazon ECR repositories, you can use server-side encryption with KMS keys stored in AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS). Read more about this feature in the ECR Developer Guide.

When you use AWS KMS to encrypt your data, you can either use the default AWS managed key, which is managed by Amazon ECR, by specifying RepositoryEncryption.KMS in the encryption property. Or specify your own customer managed KMS key, by specifying the encryptionKey property.

When encryptionKey is set, the encryption property must be KMS or empty.

In the case encryption is set to KMS but no encryptionKey is set, an AWS managed KMS key is used.

 Repository.Builder.create(this, "Repo")
         .encryption(RepositoryEncryption.KMS)
         .build();
 

Otherwise, a customer-managed KMS key is used if encryptionKey was set and encryption was optionally set to KMS.

 import software.amazon.awscdk.services.kms.*;
 
 
 Repository.Builder.create(this, "Repo")
         .encryptionKey(new Key(this, "Key"))
         .build();
 

Automatically clean up repositories

You can set life cycle rules to automatically clean up old images from your repository. The first life cycle rule that matches an image will be applied against that image. For example, the following deletes images older than 30 days, while keeping all images tagged with prod (note that the order is important here):

 Repository repository;
 
 repository.addLifecycleRule(LifecycleRule.builder().tagPrefixList(List.of("prod")).maxImageCount(9999).build());
 repository.addLifecycleRule(LifecycleRule.builder().maxImageAge(Duration.days(30)).build());
 

When using tagPatternList, an image is successfully matched if it matches the wildcard filter.

 Repository repository;
 
 repository.addLifecycleRule(LifecycleRule.builder().tagPatternList(List.of("prod*")).maxImageCount(9999).build());
 

Repository deletion

When a repository is removed from a stack (or the stack is deleted), the ECR repository will be removed according to its removal policy (which by default will simply orphan the repository and leave it in your AWS account). If the removal policy is set to RemovalPolicy.DESTROY, the repository will be deleted as long as it does not contain any images.

To override this and force all images to get deleted during repository deletion, enable the emptyOnDelete option as well as setting the removal policy to RemovalPolicy.DESTROY.

 Repository repository = Repository.Builder.create(this, "MyTempRepo")
         .removalPolicy(RemovalPolicy.DESTROY)
         .emptyOnDelete(true)
         .build();
 

Managing the Resource Policy

You can add statements to the resource policy of the repository using the addToResourcePolicy method. However, be advised that you must not include a resources section in the PolicyStatement.

 Repository repository;
 
 repository.addToResourcePolicy(PolicyStatement.Builder.create()
         .actions(List.of("ecr:GetDownloadUrlForLayer"))
         // resources: ['*'], // not currently allowed!
         .principals(List.of(new AnyPrincipal()))
         .build());