AWS Tools for Windows PowerShell
Command Reference

AWS services or capabilities described in AWS Documentation may vary by region/location. Click Getting Started with Amazon AWS to see specific differences applicable to the China (Beijing) Region.

Synopsis

Invokes the CreateStack operation against AWS CloudFormation.

Syntax

New-CFNStack
-StackName <String>
-Capability <String[]>
-ClientRequestToken <String>
-DisableRollback <Boolean>
-EnableTerminationProtection <Boolean>
-RollbackConfiguration_MonitoringTimeInMinute <Int32>
-NotificationARNs <String[]>
-OnFailure <OnFailure>
-Parameter <Parameter[]>
-ResourceType <String[]>
-RoleARN <String>
-RollbackConfiguration_RollbackTrigger <RollbackTrigger[]>
-StackPolicyBody <String>
-StackPolicyURL <String>
-Tag <Tag[]>
-TemplateBody <String>
-TemplateURL <String>
-TimeoutInMinutes <Int32>
-Force <SwitchParameter>

Description

Creates a stack as specified in the template. After the call completes successfully, the stack creation starts. You can check the status of the stack via the DescribeStacks API.

Parameters

-Capability <String[]>
A list of values that you must specify before AWS CloudFormation can create certain stacks. Some stack templates might include resources that can affect permissions in your AWS account, for example, by creating new AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) users. For those stacks, you must explicitly acknowledge their capabilities by specifying this parameter.The only valid values are CAPABILITY_IAM and CAPABILITY_NAMED_IAM. The following resources require you to specify this parameter: AWS::IAM::AccessKey, AWS::IAM::Group, AWS::IAM::InstanceProfile, AWS::IAM::Policy, AWS::IAM::Role, AWS::IAM::User, and AWS::IAM::UserToGroupAddition. If your stack template contains these resources, we recommend that you review all permissions associated with them and edit their permissions if necessary.If you have IAM resources, you can specify either capability. If you have IAM resources with custom names, you must specify CAPABILITY_NAMED_IAM. If you don't specify this parameter, this action returns an InsufficientCapabilities error.For more information, see Acknowledging IAM Resources in AWS CloudFormation Templates.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?False
-ClientRequestToken <String>
A unique identifier for this CreateStack request. Specify this token if you plan to retry requests so that AWS CloudFormation knows that you're not attempting to create a stack with the same name. You might retry CreateStack requests to ensure that AWS CloudFormation successfully received them.All events triggered by a given stack operation are assigned the same client request token, which you can use to track operations. For example, if you execute a CreateStack operation with the token token1, then all the StackEvents generated by that operation will have ClientRequestToken set as token1.In the console, stack operations display the client request token on the Events tab. Stack operations that are initiated from the console use the token format Console-StackOperation-ID, which helps you easily identify the stack operation . For example, if you create a stack using the console, each stack event would be assigned the same token in the following format: Console-CreateStack-7f59c3cf-00d2-40c7-b2ff-e75db0987002.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?False
-DisableRollback <Boolean>
Set to true to disable rollback of the stack if stack creation failed. You can specify either DisableRollback or OnFailure, but not both.Default: false
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?False
-EnableTerminationProtection <Boolean>
Whether to enable termination protection on the specified stack. If a user attempts to delete a stack with termination protection enabled, the operation fails and the stack remains unchanged. For more information, see Protecting a Stack From Being Deleted in the AWS CloudFormation User Guide. Termination protection is disabled on stacks by default. For nested stacks, termination protection is set on the root stack and cannot be changed directly on the nested stack.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?False
-Force <SwitchParameter>
This parameter overrides confirmation prompts to force the cmdlet to continue its operation. This parameter should always be used with caution.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?False
-NotificationARNs <String[]>
The Simple Notification Service (SNS) topic ARNs to publish stack related events. You can find your SNS topic ARNs using the SNS console or your Command Line Interface (CLI).
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?False
-OnFailure <OnFailure>
Determines what action will be taken if stack creation fails. This must be one of: DO_NOTHING, ROLLBACK, or DELETE. You can specify either OnFailure or DisableRollback, but not both.Default: ROLLBACK
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?False
-Parameter <Parameter[]>
A list of Parameter structures that specify input parameters for the stack. For more information, see the Parameter data type.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?False
-ResourceType <String[]>
The template resource types that you have permissions to work with for this create stack action, such as AWS::EC2::Instance, AWS::EC2::*, or Custom::MyCustomInstance. Use the following syntax to describe template resource types: AWS::* (for all AWS resource), Custom::* (for all custom resources), Custom::logical_ID (for a specific custom resource), AWS::service_name::* (for all resources of a particular AWS service), and AWS::service_name::resource_logical_ID (for a specific AWS resource).If the list of resource types doesn't include a resource that you're creating, the stack creation fails. By default, AWS CloudFormation grants permissions to all resource types. AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) uses this parameter for AWS CloudFormation-specific condition keys in IAM policies. For more information, see Controlling Access with AWS Identity and Access Management.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?False
-RoleARN <String>
The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of an AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) role that AWS CloudFormation assumes to create the stack. AWS CloudFormation uses the role's credentials to make calls on your behalf. AWS CloudFormation always uses this role for all future operations on the stack. As long as users have permission to operate on the stack, AWS CloudFormation uses this role even if the users don't have permission to pass it. Ensure that the role grants least privilege.If you don't specify a value, AWS CloudFormation uses the role that was previously associated with the stack. If no role is available, AWS CloudFormation uses a temporary session that is generated from your user credentials.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?False
-RollbackConfiguration_MonitoringTimeInMinute <Int32>
The amount of time, in minutes, during which CloudFormation should monitor all the rollback triggers after the stack creation or update operation deploys all necessary resources. If any of the alarms goes to ALERT state during the stack operation or this monitoring period, CloudFormation rolls back the entire stack operation. Then, for update operations, if the monitoring period expires without any alarms going to ALERT state CloudFormation proceeds to dispose of old resources as usual.If you specify a monitoring period but do not specify any rollback triggers, CloudFormation still waits the specified period of time before cleaning up old resources for update operations. You can use this monitoring period to perform any manual stack validation desired, and manually cancel the stack creation or update (using CancelUpdateStack, for example) as necessary.If you specify 0 for this parameter, CloudFormation still monitors the specified rollback triggers during stack creation and update operations. Then, for update operations, it begins disposing of old resources immediately once the operation completes.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?False
-RollbackConfiguration_RollbackTrigger <RollbackTrigger[]>
The triggers to monitor during stack creation or update actions. By default, AWS CloudFormation saves the rollback triggers specified for a stack and applies them to any subsequent update operations for the stack, unless you specify otherwise. If you do specify rollback triggers for this parameter, those triggers replace any list of triggers previously specified for the stack. This means:
  • If you don't specify this parameter, AWS CloudFormation uses the rollback triggers previously specified for this stack, if any.
  • If you specify any rollback triggers using this parameter, you must specify all the triggers that you want used for this stack, even triggers you've specifed before (for example, when creating the stack or during a previous stack update). Any triggers that you don't include in the updated list of triggers are no longer applied to the stack.
  • If you specify an empty list, AWS CloudFormation removes all currently specified triggers.
If a specified Cloudwatch alarm is missing, the entire stack operation fails and is rolled back.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?False
-StackName <String>
The name that is associated with the stack. The name must be unique in the region in which you are creating the stack.A stack name can contain only alphanumeric characters (case sensitive) and hyphens. It must start with an alphabetic character and cannot be longer than 128 characters.
Required?False
Position?1
Accept pipeline input?True (ByValue, ByPropertyName)
-StackPolicyBody <String>
Structure containing the stack policy body. For more information, go to Prevent Updates to Stack Resources in the AWS CloudFormation User Guide. You can specify either the StackPolicyBody or the StackPolicyURL parameter, but not both.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?False
-StackPolicyURL <String>
Location of a file containing the stack policy. The URL must point to a policy (maximum size: 16 KB) located in an S3 bucket in the same region as the stack. You can specify either the StackPolicyBody or the StackPolicyURL parameter, but not both.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?False
-Tag <Tag[]>
Key-value pairs to associate with this stack. AWS CloudFormation also propagates these tags to the resources created in the stack. A maximum number of 50 tags can be specified.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?False
-TemplateBody <String>
Structure containing the template body with a minimum length of 1 byte and a maximum length of 51,200 bytes. For more information, go to Template Anatomy in the AWS CloudFormation User Guide.Conditional: You must specify either the TemplateBody or the TemplateURL parameter, but not both.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?False
-TemplateURL <String>
Location of file containing the template body. The URL must point to a template (max size: 460,800 bytes) that is located in an Amazon S3 bucket. For more information, go to the Template Anatomy in the AWS CloudFormation User Guide.Conditional: You must specify either the TemplateBody or the TemplateURL parameter, but not both.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?False
-TimeoutInMinutes <Int32>
The amount of time that can pass before the stack status becomes CREATE_FAILED; if DisableRollback is not set or is set to false, the stack will be rolled back.
Required?False
Position?Named
Accept pipeline input?False

Common Credential and Region Parameters

-AccessKey <String>
The AWS access key for the user account. This can be a temporary access key if the corresponding session token is supplied to the -SessionToken parameter.
Required? False
Position? Named
Accept pipeline input? False
-Credential <AWSCredentials>
An AWSCredentials object instance containing access and secret key information, and optionally a token for session-based credentials.
Required? False
Position? Named
Accept pipeline input? False
-ProfileLocation <String>

Used to specify the name and location of the ini-format credential file (shared with the AWS CLI and other AWS SDKs)

If this optional parameter is omitted this cmdlet will search the encrypted credential file used by the AWS SDK for .NET and AWS Toolkit for Visual Studio first. If the profile is not found then the cmdlet will search in the ini-format credential file at the default location: (user's home directory)\.aws\credentials. Note that the encrypted credential file is not supported on all platforms. It will be skipped when searching for profiles on Windows Nano Server, Mac, and Linux platforms.

If this parameter is specified then this cmdlet will only search the ini-format credential file at the location given.

As the current folder can vary in a shell or during script execution it is advised that you use specify a fully qualified path instead of a relative path.

Required? False
Position? Named
Accept pipeline input? False
-ProfileName <String>
The user-defined name of an AWS credentials or SAML-based role profile containing credential information. The profile is expected to be found in the secure credential file shared with the AWS SDK for .NET and AWS Toolkit for Visual Studio. You can also specify the name of a profile stored in the .ini-format credential file used with the AWS CLI and other AWS SDKs.
Required? False
Position? Named
Accept pipeline input? False
-NetworkCredential <PSCredential>
Used with SAML-based authentication when ProfileName references a SAML role profile. Contains the network credentials to be supplied during authentication with the configured identity provider's endpoint. This parameter is not required if the user's default network identity can or should be used during authentication.
Required? False
Position? Named
Accept pipeline input? False
-SecretKey <String>
The AWS secret key for the user account. This can be a temporary secret key if the corresponding session token is supplied to the -SessionToken parameter.
Required? False
Position? Named
Accept pipeline input? False
-SessionToken <String>
The session token if the access and secret keys are temporary session-based credentials.
Required? False
Position? Named
Accept pipeline input? False
-Region <String>
The system name of the AWS region in which the operation should be invoked. For example, us-east-1, eu-west-1 etc.
Required? False
Position? Named
Accept pipeline input? False
-EndpointUrl <String>

The endpoint to make the call against.

Note: This parameter is primarily for internal AWS use and is not required/should not be specified for normal usage. The cmdlets normally determine which endpoint to call based on the region specified to the -Region parameter or set as default in the shell (via Set-DefaultAWSRegion). Only specify this parameter if you must direct the call to a specific custom endpoint.

Required? False
Position? Named
Accept pipeline input? False

Inputs

You can pipe a String object to this cmdlet for the StackName parameter.

Outputs

This cmdlet returns a String object. The service call response (type Amazon.CloudFormation.Model.CreateStackResponse) can also be referenced from properties attached to the cmdlet entry in the $AWSHistory stack.

Examples

Example 1

PS C:\>New-CFNStack -StackName "myStack" `
-TemplateBody "{TEMPLATE CONTENT HERE}" `
-Parameter @( @{ ParameterKey="PK1"; ParameterValue="PV1" }, @{ ParameterKey="PK2"; ParameterValue="PV2" }) `
-DisableRollback $true
Creates a new stack with the specified name. The template is parsed from the supplied content with customization parameters ('PK1' and 'PK2' represent the names of parameters declared in the template content, 'PV1' and 'PV2' represent the values for those parameters. The customization parameters can also be specified using 'Key' and 'Value' instead of 'ParameterKey' and 'ParameterValue'. If creation of the stack fails, it will not be rolled back.

Example 2

PS C:\>$p1 = New-Object -Type Amazon.CloudFormation.Model.Parameter
PS C:\>$p1.ParameterKey = "PK1"
PS C:\>$p1.ParameterValue = "PV1"

PS C:\>$p2 = New-Object -Type Amazon.CloudFormation.Model.Parameter
PS C:\>$p2.ParameterKey = "PK2"
PS C:\>$p2.ParameterValue = "PV2"

PS C:\>New-CFNStack -StackName "myStack" `
-TemplateBody "{TEMPLATE CONTENT HERE}" `
-Parameter @( $p1, $p2 ) `
-OnFailure "ROLLBACK"
Creates a new stack with the specified name. The template is parsed from the supplied content with customization parameters ('PK1' and 'PK2' represent the names of parameters declared in the template content, 'PV1' and 'PV2' represent the values for those parameters. The customization parameters can also be specified using 'Key' and 'Value' instead of 'ParameterKey' and 'ParameterValue'. If creation of the stack fails, it will be rolled back.

Example 3

PS C:\>New-CFNStack -StackName "myStack" `
-TemplateURL https://s3.amazonaws.com/mytemplates/templatefile.template `
-Parameter @{ ParameterKey="PK1"; ParameterValue="PV1" }
Creates a new stack with the specified name. The template is obtained from the Amazon S3 URL with customization parameters ('PK1' represents the name of a parameter declared in the template content, 'PV1' represents the value for the parameter. The customization parameters can also be specified using 'Key' and 'Value' instead of 'ParameterKey' and 'ParameterValue'. If creation of the stack fails, it will be rolled back (same as specifying -DisableRollback $false).

Example 4

PS C:\>New-CFNStack -StackName "myStack" `
-TemplateURL https://s3.amazonaws.com/mytemplates/templatefile.template `
-Parameter @{ ParameterKey="PK1"; ParameterValue="PV1" } `
-NotificationARN @( "arn1", "arn2" )
Creates a new stack with the specified name. The template is obtained from the Amazon S3 URL with customization parameters ('PK1' represents the name of a parameter declared in the template content, 'PV1' represents the value for the parameter. The customization parameters can also be specified using 'Key' and 'Value' instead of 'ParameterKey' and 'ParameterValue'. If creation of the stack fails, it will be rolled back (same as specifying -DisableRollback $false). The specified notification AENs will receive published stack-related events.

Supported Version

AWS Tools for PowerShell: 2.x.y.z