Note: You are viewing the documentation for an older major version of the AWS CLI (version 1).

AWS CLI version 2, the latest major version of AWS CLI, is now stable and recommended for general use. To view this page for the AWS CLI version 2, click here. For more information see the AWS CLI version 2 installation instructions and migration guide.

[ aws . rds ]

create-db-cluster

Description

Creates a new Amazon Aurora DB cluster or Multi-AZ DB cluster.

You can use the ReplicationSourceIdentifier parameter to create an Amazon Aurora DB cluster as a read replica of another DB cluster or Amazon RDS MySQL or PostgreSQL DB instance. For cross-Region replication where the DB cluster identified by ReplicationSourceIdentifier is encrypted, also specify the PreSignedUrl parameter.

For more information on Amazon Aurora, see What is Amazon Aurora? in the Amazon Aurora User Guide .

For more information on Multi-AZ DB clusters, see Multi-AZ deployments with two readable standby DB instances in the Amazon RDS User Guide .

See also: AWS API Documentation

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Synopsis

  create-db-cluster
[--availability-zones <value>]
[--backup-retention-period <value>]
[--character-set-name <value>]
[--database-name <value>]
--db-cluster-identifier <value>
[--db-cluster-parameter-group-name <value>]
[--vpc-security-group-ids <value>]
[--db-subnet-group-name <value>]
--engine <value>
[--engine-version <value>]
[--port <value>]
[--master-username <value>]
[--master-user-password <value>]
[--option-group-name <value>]
[--preferred-backup-window <value>]
[--preferred-maintenance-window <value>]
[--replication-source-identifier <value>]
[--tags <value>]
[--storage-encrypted | --no-storage-encrypted]
[--kms-key-id <value>]
[--pre-signed-url <value>]
[--enable-iam-database-authentication | --no-enable-iam-database-authentication]
[--backtrack-window <value>]
[--enable-cloudwatch-logs-exports <value>]
[--engine-mode <value>]
[--scaling-configuration <value>]
[--deletion-protection | --no-deletion-protection]
[--global-cluster-identifier <value>]
[--enable-http-endpoint | --no-enable-http-endpoint]
[--copy-tags-to-snapshot | --no-copy-tags-to-snapshot]
[--domain <value>]
[--domain-iam-role-name <value>]
[--enable-global-write-forwarding | --no-enable-global-write-forwarding]
[--db-cluster-instance-class <value>]
[--allocated-storage <value>]
[--storage-type <value>]
[--iops <value>]
[--publicly-accessible | --no-publicly-accessible]
[--auto-minor-version-upgrade | --no-auto-minor-version-upgrade]
[--monitoring-interval <value>]
[--monitoring-role-arn <value>]
[--enable-performance-insights | --no-enable-performance-insights]
[--performance-insights-kms-key-id <value>]
[--performance-insights-retention-period <value>]
[--serverless-v2-scaling-configuration <value>]
[--source-region <value>]
[--cli-input-json <value>]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]

Options

--availability-zones (list)

A list of Availability Zones (AZs) where DB instances in the DB cluster can be created.

For information on Amazon Web Services Regions and Availability Zones, see Choosing the Regions and Availability Zones in the Amazon Aurora User Guide .

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters only

(string)

Syntax:

"string" "string" ...

--backup-retention-period (integer)

The number of days for which automated backups are retained.

Default: 1

Constraints:

  • Must be a value from 1 to 35

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters and Multi-AZ DB clusters

--character-set-name (string)

A value that indicates that the DB cluster should be associated with the specified CharacterSet.

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters only

--database-name (string)

The name for your database of up to 64 alphanumeric characters. If you do not provide a name, Amazon RDS doesn't create a database in the DB cluster you are creating.

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters and Multi-AZ DB clusters

--db-cluster-identifier (string)

The DB cluster identifier. This parameter is stored as a lowercase string.

Constraints:

  • Must contain from 1 to 63 letters, numbers, or hyphens.
  • First character must be a letter.
  • Can't end with a hyphen or contain two consecutive hyphens.

Example: my-cluster1

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters and Multi-AZ DB clusters

--db-cluster-parameter-group-name (string)

The name of the DB cluster parameter group to associate with this DB cluster. If you do not specify a value, then the default DB cluster parameter group for the specified DB engine and version is used.

Constraints:

  • If supplied, must match the name of an existing DB cluster parameter group.

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters and Multi-AZ DB clusters

--vpc-security-group-ids (list)

A list of EC2 VPC security groups to associate with this DB cluster.

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters and Multi-AZ DB clusters

(string)

Syntax:

"string" "string" ...

--db-subnet-group-name (string)

A DB subnet group to associate with this DB cluster.

This setting is required to create a Multi-AZ DB cluster.

Constraints: Must match the name of an existing DBSubnetGroup. Must not be default.

Example: mydbsubnetgroup

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters and Multi-AZ DB clusters

--engine (string)

The name of the database engine to be used for this DB cluster.

Valid Values:

  • aurora (for MySQL 5.6-compatible Aurora)
  • aurora-mysql (for MySQL 5.7-compatible and MySQL 8.0-compatible Aurora)
  • aurora-postgresql
  • mysql
  • postgres

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters and Multi-AZ DB clusters

--engine-version (string)

The version number of the database engine to use.

To list all of the available engine versions for MySQL 5.6-compatible Aurora, use the following command:

aws rds describe-db-engine-versions --engine aurora --query "DBEngineVersions[].EngineVersion"

To list all of the available engine versions for MySQL 5.7-compatible and MySQL 8.0-compatible Aurora, use the following command:

aws rds describe-db-engine-versions --engine aurora-mysql --query "DBEngineVersions[].EngineVersion"

To list all of the available engine versions for Aurora PostgreSQL, use the following command:

aws rds describe-db-engine-versions --engine aurora-postgresql --query "DBEngineVersions[].EngineVersion"

To list all of the available engine versions for RDS for MySQL, use the following command:

aws rds describe-db-engine-versions --engine mysql --query "DBEngineVersions[].EngineVersion"

To list all of the available engine versions for RDS for PostgreSQL, use the following command:

aws rds describe-db-engine-versions --engine postgres --query "DBEngineVersions[].EngineVersion"

Aurora MySQL

For information, see MySQL on Amazon RDS Versions in the Amazon Aurora User Guide .

Aurora PostgreSQL

For information, see Amazon Aurora PostgreSQL releases and engine versions in the Amazon Aurora User Guide .

MySQL

For information, see MySQL on Amazon RDS Versions in the Amazon RDS User Guide .

PostgreSQL

For information, see Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL versions and extensions in the Amazon RDS User Guide .

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters and Multi-AZ DB clusters

--port (integer)

The port number on which the instances in the DB cluster accept connections.

RDS for MySQL and Aurora MySQL

Default: 3306

Valid values: 1150-65535

RDS for PostgreSQL and Aurora PostgreSQL

Default: 5432

Valid values: 1150-65535

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters and Multi-AZ DB clusters

--master-username (string)

The name of the master user for the DB cluster.

Constraints:

  • Must be 1 to 16 letters or numbers.
  • First character must be a letter.
  • Can't be a reserved word for the chosen database engine.

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters and Multi-AZ DB clusters

--master-user-password (string)

The password for the master database user. This password can contain any printable ASCII character except "/", """, or "@".

Constraints: Must contain from 8 to 41 characters.

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters and Multi-AZ DB clusters

--option-group-name (string)

A value that indicates that the DB cluster should be associated with the specified option group.

DB clusters are associated with a default option group that can't be modified.

--preferred-backup-window (string)

The daily time range during which automated backups are created if automated backups are enabled using the BackupRetentionPeriod parameter.

The default is a 30-minute window selected at random from an 8-hour block of time for each Amazon Web Services Region. To view the time blocks available, see Backup window in the Amazon Aurora User Guide .

Constraints:

  • Must be in the format hh24:mi-hh24:mi .
  • Must be in Universal Coordinated Time (UTC).
  • Must not conflict with the preferred maintenance window.
  • Must be at least 30 minutes.

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters and Multi-AZ DB clusters

--preferred-maintenance-window (string)

The weekly time range during which system maintenance can occur, in Universal Coordinated Time (UTC).

Format: ddd:hh24:mi-ddd:hh24:mi

The default is a 30-minute window selected at random from an 8-hour block of time for each Amazon Web Services Region, occurring on a random day of the week. To see the time blocks available, see Adjusting the Preferred DB Cluster Maintenance Window in the Amazon Aurora User Guide .

Valid Days: Mon, Tue, Wed, Thu, Fri, Sat, Sun.

Constraints: Minimum 30-minute window.

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters and Multi-AZ DB clusters

--replication-source-identifier (string)

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the source DB instance or DB cluster if this DB cluster is created as a read replica.

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters only

--tags (list)

Tags to assign to the DB cluster.

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters and Multi-AZ DB clusters

(structure)

Metadata assigned to an Amazon RDS resource consisting of a key-value pair.

Key -> (string)

A key is the required name of the tag. The string value can be from 1 to 128 Unicode characters in length and can't be prefixed with aws: or rds: . The string can only contain only the set of Unicode letters, digits, white-space, '_', '.', ':', '/', '=', '+', '-', '@' (Java regex: "^([\p{L}\p{Z}\p{N}_.:/=+\-@]*)$").

Value -> (string)

A value is the optional value of the tag. The string value can be from 1 to 256 Unicode characters in length and can't be prefixed with aws: or rds: . The string can only contain only the set of Unicode letters, digits, white-space, '_', '.', ':', '/', '=', '+', '-', '@' (Java regex: "^([\p{L}\p{Z}\p{N}_.:/=+\-@]*)$").

Shorthand Syntax:

Key=string,Value=string ...

JSON Syntax:

[
  {
    "Key": "string",
    "Value": "string"
  }
  ...
]

--storage-encrypted | --no-storage-encrypted (boolean)

A value that indicates whether the DB cluster is encrypted.

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters and Multi-AZ DB clusters

--kms-key-id (string)

The Amazon Web Services KMS key identifier for an encrypted DB cluster.

The Amazon Web Services KMS key identifier is the key ARN, key ID, alias ARN, or alias name for the KMS key. To use a KMS key in a different Amazon Web Services account, specify the key ARN or alias ARN.

When a KMS key isn't specified in KmsKeyId :

  • If ReplicationSourceIdentifier identifies an encrypted source, then Amazon RDS will use the KMS key used to encrypt the source. Otherwise, Amazon RDS will use your default KMS key.
  • If the StorageEncrypted parameter is enabled and ReplicationSourceIdentifier isn't specified, then Amazon RDS will use your default KMS key.

There is a default KMS key for your Amazon Web Services account. Your Amazon Web Services account has a different default KMS key for each Amazon Web Services Region.

If you create a read replica of an encrypted DB cluster in another Amazon Web Services Region, you must set KmsKeyId to a KMS key identifier that is valid in the destination Amazon Web Services Region. This KMS key is used to encrypt the read replica in that Amazon Web Services Region.

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters and Multi-AZ DB clusters

--pre-signed-url (string)

A URL that contains a Signature Version 4 signed request for the CreateDBCluster action to be called in the source Amazon Web Services Region where the DB cluster is replicated from. Specify PreSignedUrl only when you are performing cross-Region replication from an encrypted DB cluster.

The pre-signed URL must be a valid request for the CreateDBCluster API action that can be executed in the source Amazon Web Services Region that contains the encrypted DB cluster to be copied.

The pre-signed URL request must contain the following parameter values:

  • KmsKeyId - The Amazon Web Services KMS key identifier for the KMS key to use to encrypt the copy of the DB cluster in the destination Amazon Web Services Region. This should refer to the same KMS key for both the CreateDBCluster action that is called in the destination Amazon Web Services Region, and the action contained in the pre-signed URL.
  • DestinationRegion - The name of the Amazon Web Services Region that Aurora read replica will be created in.
  • ReplicationSourceIdentifier - The DB cluster identifier for the encrypted DB cluster to be copied. This identifier must be in the Amazon Resource Name (ARN) format for the source Amazon Web Services Region. For example, if you are copying an encrypted DB cluster from the us-west-2 Amazon Web Services Region, then your ReplicationSourceIdentifier would look like Example: arn:aws:rds:us-west-2:123456789012:cluster:aurora-cluster1 .

To learn how to generate a Signature Version 4 signed request, see Authenticating Requests: Using Query Parameters (Amazon Web Services Signature Version 4) and Signature Version 4 Signing Process .

Note

If you are using an Amazon Web Services SDK tool or the CLI, you can specify SourceRegion (or --source-region for the CLI) instead of specifying PreSignedUrl manually. Specifying SourceRegion autogenerates a pre-signed URL that is a valid request for the operation that can be executed in the source Amazon Web Services Region.

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters only

--enable-iam-database-authentication | --no-enable-iam-database-authentication (boolean)

A value that indicates whether to enable mapping of Amazon Web Services Identity and Access Management (IAM) accounts to database accounts. By default, mapping isn't enabled.

For more information, see IAM Database Authentication in the Amazon Aurora User Guide. .

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters only

--backtrack-window (long)

The target backtrack window, in seconds. To disable backtracking, set this value to 0.

Default: 0

Constraints:

  • If specified, this value must be set to a number from 0 to 259,200 (72 hours).

Valid for: Aurora MySQL DB clusters only

--enable-cloudwatch-logs-exports (list)

The list of log types that need to be enabled for exporting to CloudWatch Logs. The values in the list depend on the DB engine being used.

RDS for MySQL

Possible values are error , general , and slowquery .

RDS for PostgreSQL

Possible values are postgresql and upgrade .

Aurora MySQL

Possible values are audit , error , general , and slowquery .

Aurora PostgreSQL

Possible value is postgresql .

For more information about exporting CloudWatch Logs for Amazon RDS, see Publishing Database Logs to Amazon CloudWatch Logs in the Amazon RDS User Guide .

For more information about exporting CloudWatch Logs for Amazon Aurora, see Publishing Database Logs to Amazon CloudWatch Logs in the Amazon Aurora User Guide .

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters and Multi-AZ DB clusters

(string)

Syntax:

"string" "string" ...

--engine-mode (string)

The DB engine mode of the DB cluster, either provisioned , serverless , parallelquery , global , or multimaster .

The parallelquery engine mode isn't required for Aurora MySQL version 1.23 and higher 1.x versions, and version 2.09 and higher 2.x versions.

The global engine mode isn't required for Aurora MySQL version 1.22 and higher 1.x versions, and global engine mode isn't required for any 2.x versions.

The multimaster engine mode only applies for DB clusters created with Aurora MySQL version 5.6.10a.

For Aurora PostgreSQL, the global engine mode isn't required, and both the parallelquery and the multimaster engine modes currently aren't supported.

Limitations and requirements apply to some DB engine modes. For more information, see the following sections in the Amazon Aurora User Guide :

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters only

--scaling-configuration (structure)

For DB clusters in serverless DB engine mode, the scaling properties of the DB cluster.

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters only

MinCapacity -> (integer)

The minimum capacity for an Aurora DB cluster in serverless DB engine mode.

For Aurora MySQL, valid capacity values are 1 , 2 , 4 , 8 , 16 , 32 , 64 , 128 , and 256 .

For Aurora PostgreSQL, valid capacity values are 2 , 4 , 8 , 16 , 32 , 64 , 192 , and 384 .

The minimum capacity must be less than or equal to the maximum capacity.

MaxCapacity -> (integer)

The maximum capacity for an Aurora DB cluster in serverless DB engine mode.

For Aurora MySQL, valid capacity values are 1 , 2 , 4 , 8 , 16 , 32 , 64 , 128 , and 256 .

For Aurora PostgreSQL, valid capacity values are 2 , 4 , 8 , 16 , 32 , 64 , 192 , and 384 .

The maximum capacity must be greater than or equal to the minimum capacity.

AutoPause -> (boolean)

A value that indicates whether to allow or disallow automatic pause for an Aurora DB cluster in serverless DB engine mode. A DB cluster can be paused only when it's idle (it has no connections).

Note

If a DB cluster is paused for more than seven days, the DB cluster might be backed up with a snapshot. In this case, the DB cluster is restored when there is a request to connect to it.

SecondsUntilAutoPause -> (integer)

The time, in seconds, before an Aurora DB cluster in serverless mode is paused.

Specify a value between 300 and 86,400 seconds.

TimeoutAction -> (string)

The action to take when the timeout is reached, either ForceApplyCapacityChange or RollbackCapacityChange .

ForceApplyCapacityChange sets the capacity to the specified value as soon as possible.

RollbackCapacityChange , the default, ignores the capacity change if a scaling point isn't found in the timeout period.

Warning

If you specify ForceApplyCapacityChange , connections that prevent Aurora Serverless v1 from finding a scaling point might be dropped.

For more information, see Autoscaling for Aurora Serverless v1 in the Amazon Aurora User Guide .

SecondsBeforeTimeout -> (integer)

The amount of time, in seconds, that Aurora Serverless v1 tries to find a scaling point to perform seamless scaling before enforcing the timeout action. The default is 300.

Specify a value between 60 and 600 seconds.

Shorthand Syntax:

MinCapacity=integer,MaxCapacity=integer,AutoPause=boolean,SecondsUntilAutoPause=integer,TimeoutAction=string,SecondsBeforeTimeout=integer

JSON Syntax:

{
  "MinCapacity": integer,
  "MaxCapacity": integer,
  "AutoPause": true|false,
  "SecondsUntilAutoPause": integer,
  "TimeoutAction": "string",
  "SecondsBeforeTimeout": integer
}

--deletion-protection | --no-deletion-protection (boolean)

A value that indicates whether the DB cluster has deletion protection enabled. The database can't be deleted when deletion protection is enabled. By default, deletion protection isn't enabled.

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters and Multi-AZ DB clusters

--global-cluster-identifier (string)

The global cluster ID of an Aurora cluster that becomes the primary cluster in the new global database cluster.

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters only

--enable-http-endpoint | --no-enable-http-endpoint (boolean)

A value that indicates whether to enable the HTTP endpoint for an Aurora Serverless v1 DB cluster. By default, the HTTP endpoint is disabled.

When enabled, the HTTP endpoint provides a connectionless web service API for running SQL queries on the Aurora Serverless v1 DB cluster. You can also query your database from inside the RDS console with the query editor.

For more information, see Using the Data API for Aurora Serverless v1 in the Amazon Aurora User Guide .

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters only

--copy-tags-to-snapshot | --no-copy-tags-to-snapshot (boolean)

A value that indicates whether to copy all tags from the DB cluster to snapshots of the DB cluster. The default is not to copy them.

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters and Multi-AZ DB clusters

--domain (string)

The Active Directory directory ID to create the DB cluster in.

For Amazon Aurora DB clusters, Amazon RDS can use Kerberos authentication to authenticate users that connect to the DB cluster.

For more information, see Kerberos authentication in the Amazon Aurora User Guide .

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters only

--domain-iam-role-name (string)

Specify the name of the IAM role to be used when making API calls to the Directory Service.

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters only

--enable-global-write-forwarding | --no-enable-global-write-forwarding (boolean)

A value that indicates whether to enable this DB cluster to forward write operations to the primary cluster of an Aurora global database ( GlobalCluster ). By default, write operations are not allowed on Aurora DB clusters that are secondary clusters in an Aurora global database.

You can set this value only on Aurora DB clusters that are members of an Aurora global database. With this parameter enabled, a secondary cluster can forward writes to the current primary cluster and the resulting changes are replicated back to this cluster. For the primary DB cluster of an Aurora global database, this value is used immediately if the primary is demoted by the FailoverGlobalCluster API operation, but it does nothing until then.

Valid for: Aurora DB clusters only

--db-cluster-instance-class (string)

The compute and memory capacity of each DB instance in the Multi-AZ DB cluster, for example db.m6g.xlarge. Not all DB instance classes are available in all Amazon Web Services Regions, or for all database engines.

For the full list of DB instance classes and availability for your engine, see DB instance class in the Amazon RDS User Guide .

This setting is required to create a Multi-AZ DB cluster.

Valid for: Multi-AZ DB clusters only

--allocated-storage (integer)

The amount of storage in gibibytes (GiB) to allocate to each DB instance in the Multi-AZ DB cluster.

This setting is required to create a Multi-AZ DB cluster.

Valid for: Multi-AZ DB clusters only

--storage-type (string)

Specifies the storage type to be associated with the DB cluster.

This setting is required to create a Multi-AZ DB cluster.

Valid values: io1

When specified, a value for the Iops parameter is required.

Default: io1

Valid for: Multi-AZ DB clusters only

--iops (integer)

The amount of Provisioned IOPS (input/output operations per second) to be initially allocated for each DB instance in the Multi-AZ DB cluster.

For information about valid Iops values, see Amazon RDS Provisioned IOPS storage to improve performance in the Amazon RDS User Guide .

This setting is required to create a Multi-AZ DB cluster.

Constraints: Must be a multiple between .5 and 50 of the storage amount for the DB cluster.

Valid for: Multi-AZ DB clusters only

--publicly-accessible | --no-publicly-accessible (boolean)

A value that indicates whether the DB cluster is publicly accessible.

When the DB cluster is publicly accessible, its Domain Name System (DNS) endpoint resolves to the private IP address from within the DB cluster's virtual private cloud (VPC). It resolves to the public IP address from outside of the DB cluster's VPC. Access to the DB cluster is ultimately controlled by the security group it uses. That public access isn't permitted if the security group assigned to the DB cluster doesn't permit it.

When the DB cluster isn't publicly accessible, it is an internal DB cluster with a DNS name that resolves to a private IP address.

Default: The default behavior varies depending on whether DBSubnetGroupName is specified.

If DBSubnetGroupName isn't specified, and PubliclyAccessible isn't specified, the following applies:

  • If the default VPC in the target Region doesn’t have an internet gateway attached to it, the DB cluster is private.
  • If the default VPC in the target Region has an internet gateway attached to it, the DB cluster is public.

If DBSubnetGroupName is specified, and PubliclyAccessible isn't specified, the following applies:

  • If the subnets are part of a VPC that doesn’t have an internet gateway attached to it, the DB cluster is private.
  • If the subnets are part of a VPC that has an internet gateway attached to it, the DB cluster is public.

Valid for: Multi-AZ DB clusters only

--auto-minor-version-upgrade | --no-auto-minor-version-upgrade (boolean)

A value that indicates whether minor engine upgrades are applied automatically to the DB cluster during the maintenance window. By default, minor engine upgrades are applied automatically.

Valid for: Multi-AZ DB clusters only

--monitoring-interval (integer)

The interval, in seconds, between points when Enhanced Monitoring metrics are collected for the DB cluster. To turn off collecting Enhanced Monitoring metrics, specify 0. The default is 0.

If MonitoringRoleArn is specified, also set MonitoringInterval to a value other than 0.

Valid Values: 0, 1, 5, 10, 15, 30, 60

Valid for: Multi-AZ DB clusters only

--monitoring-role-arn (string)

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) for the IAM role that permits RDS to send Enhanced Monitoring metrics to Amazon CloudWatch Logs. An example is arn:aws:iam:123456789012:role/emaccess . For information on creating a monitoring role, see Setting up and enabling Enhanced Monitoring in the Amazon RDS User Guide .

If MonitoringInterval is set to a value other than 0, supply a MonitoringRoleArn value.

Valid for: Multi-AZ DB clusters only

--enable-performance-insights | --no-enable-performance-insights (boolean)

A value that indicates whether to turn on Performance Insights for the DB cluster.

For more information, see Using Amazon Performance Insights in the Amazon RDS User Guide .

Valid for: Multi-AZ DB clusters only

--performance-insights-kms-key-id (string)

The Amazon Web Services KMS key identifier for encryption of Performance Insights data.

The Amazon Web Services KMS key identifier is the key ARN, key ID, alias ARN, or alias name for the KMS key.

If you don't specify a value for PerformanceInsightsKMSKeyId , then Amazon RDS uses your default KMS key. There is a default KMS key for your Amazon Web Services account. Your Amazon Web Services account has a different default KMS key for each Amazon Web Services Region.

Valid for: Multi-AZ DB clusters only

--performance-insights-retention-period (integer)

The amount of time, in days, to retain Performance Insights data. Valid values are 7 or 731 (2 years).

Valid for: Multi-AZ DB clusters only

--serverless-v2-scaling-configuration (structure)

Contains the scaling configuration of an Aurora Serverless v2 DB cluster.

For more information, see Using Amazon Aurora Serverless v2 in the Amazon Aurora User Guide .

MinCapacity -> (double)

The minimum number of Aurora capacity units (ACUs) for a DB instance in an Aurora Serverless v2 cluster. You can specify ACU values in half-step increments, such as 8, 8.5, 9, and so on. The smallest value that you can use is 0.5.

MaxCapacity -> (double)

The maximum number of Aurora capacity units (ACUs) for a DB instance in an Aurora Serverless v2 cluster. You can specify ACU values in half-step increments, such as 40, 40.5, 41, and so on. The largest value that you can use is 128.

Shorthand Syntax:

MinCapacity=double,MaxCapacity=double

JSON Syntax:

{
  "MinCapacity": double,
  "MaxCapacity": double
}

--source-region (string)

The ID of the region that contains the source for the db cluster.

--cli-input-json (string) Performs service operation based on the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, the CLI values will override the JSON-provided values. It is not possible to pass arbitrary binary values using a JSON-provided value as the string will be taken literally.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

See 'aws help' for descriptions of global parameters.

Examples

Example 1: To create a MySQL 5.7--compatible DB cluster

The following create-db-cluster example create a MySQL 5.7-compatible DB cluster. Replace the sample password secret99 with a secure password. The writer DB instance is the first instance that is created in a DB cluster. When you use the console to create a DB cluster, Amazon RDS automatically creates the writer DB instance for your DB cluster. However, when you use the AWS CLI to create a DB cluster, you must explicitly create the writer DB instance for your DB cluster using the create-db-instance AWS CLI command.

aws rds create-db-cluster \
    --db-cluster-identifier sample-cluster \
    --engine aurora-mysql \
    --engine-version 5.7.12 \
    --master-username master \
    --master-user-password secret99 \
    --db-subnet-group-name default \
    --vpc-security-group-ids sg-0b9130572daf3dc16

Output:

{
    "DBCluster": {
        "DBSubnetGroup": "default",
        "VpcSecurityGroups": [
            {
                "VpcSecurityGroupId": "sg-0b9130572daf3dc16",
                "Status": "active"
            }
        ],
        "AllocatedStorage": 1,
        "AssociatedRoles": [],
        "PreferredBackupWindow": "09:12-09:42",
        "ClusterCreateTime": "2019-06-07T23:21:33.048Z",
        "DeletionProtection": false,
        "IAMDatabaseAuthenticationEnabled": false,
        "ReadReplicaIdentifiers": [],
        "EngineMode": "provisioned",
        "Engine": "aurora-mysql",
        "StorageEncrypted": false,
        "MultiAZ": false,
        "PreferredMaintenanceWindow": "mon:04:31-mon:05:01",
        "HttpEndpointEnabled": false,
        "BackupRetentionPeriod": 1,
        "DbClusterResourceId": "cluster-ANPAJ4AE5446DAEXAMPLE",
        "DBClusterIdentifier": "sample-cluster",
        "AvailabilityZones": [
            "us-east-1a",
            "us-east-1b",
            "us-east-1e"
        ],
        "MasterUsername": "master",
        "EngineVersion": "5.7.12",
        "DBClusterArn": "arn:aws:rds:us-east-1:123456789012:cluster:sample-cluster",
        "DBClusterMembers": [],
        "Port": 3306,
        "Status": "creating",
        "Endpoint": "sample-cluster.cluster-cnpexample.us-east-1.rds.amazonaws.com",
        "DBClusterParameterGroup": "default.aurora-mysql5.7",
        "HostedZoneId": "Z2R2ITUGPM61AM",
        "ReaderEndpoint": "sample-cluster.cluster-ro-cnpexample.us-east-1.rds.amazonaws.com",
        "CopyTagsToSnapshot": false
    }
}

Example 2: To create a PostgreSQL--compatible DB cluster

The following create-db-cluster example creates a PostgreSQL-compatible DB cluster. Replace the example password secret99 with a secure password. The writer DB instance is the first instance that is created in a DB cluster. When you use the console to create a DB cluster, Amazon RDS automatically creates the writer DB instance for your DB cluster. However, when you use the AWS CLI to create a DB cluster, you must explicitly create the writer DB instance for your DB cluster using the create-db-instance AWS CLI command.

aws rds create-db-cluster \
    --db-cluster-identifier sample-pg-cluster \
    --engine aurora-postgresql \
    --master-username master \
    --master-user-password secret99 \
    --db-subnet-group-name default \
    --vpc-security-group-ids sg-0b9130572daf3dc16

Output:

{
    "DBCluster": {
        "Endpoint": "sample-pg-cluster.cluster-cnpexample.us-east-1.rds.amazonaws.com",
        "HttpEndpointEnabled": false,
        "DBClusterMembers": [],
        "EngineMode": "provisioned",
        "CopyTagsToSnapshot": false,
        "HostedZoneId": "Z2R2ITUGPM61AM",
        "IAMDatabaseAuthenticationEnabled": false,
        "AllocatedStorage": 1,
        "VpcSecurityGroups": [
            {
                "VpcSecurityGroupId": "sg-0b9130572daf3dc16",
                "Status": "active"
            }
        ],
        "DeletionProtection": false,
        "StorageEncrypted": false,
        "BackupRetentionPeriod": 1,
        "PreferredBackupWindow": "09:56-10:26",
        "ClusterCreateTime": "2019-06-07T23:26:08.371Z",
        "DBClusterParameterGroup": "default.aurora-postgresql9.6",
        "EngineVersion": "9.6.9",
        "Engine": "aurora-postgresql",
        "Status": "creating",
        "DBClusterIdentifier": "sample-pg-cluster",
        "MultiAZ": false,
        "Port": 5432,
        "DBClusterArn": "arn:aws:rds:us-east-1:123456789012:cluster:sample-pg-cluster",
        "AssociatedRoles": [],
        "DbClusterResourceId": "cluster-ANPAJ4AE5446DAEXAMPLE",
        "PreferredMaintenanceWindow": "wed:03:33-wed:04:03",
        "ReaderEndpoint": "sample-pg-cluster.cluster-ro-cnpexample.us-east-1.rds.amazonaws.com",
        "MasterUsername": "master",
        "AvailabilityZones": [
            "us-east-1a",
            "us-east-1b",
            "us-east-1c"
        ],
        "ReadReplicaIdentifiers": [],
        "DBSubnetGroup": "default"
    }
}

For more information, see Creating an Amazon Aurora DB Cluster in the Amazon Aurora Users Guide.

Output

DBCluster -> (structure)

Contains the details of an Amazon Aurora DB cluster or Multi-AZ DB cluster.

For an Amazon Aurora DB cluster, this data type is used as a response element in the operations CreateDBCluster , DeleteDBCluster , DescribeDBClusters , FailoverDBCluster , ModifyDBCluster , PromoteReadReplicaDBCluster , RestoreDBClusterFromS3 , RestoreDBClusterFromSnapshot , RestoreDBClusterToPointInTime , StartDBCluster , and StopDBCluster .

For a Multi-AZ DB cluster, this data type is used as a response element in the operations CreateDBCluster , DeleteDBCluster , DescribeDBClusters , FailoverDBCluster , ModifyDBCluster , RebootDBCluster , RestoreDBClusterFromSnapshot , and RestoreDBClusterToPointInTime .

For more information on Amazon Aurora DB clusters, see What is Amazon Aurora? in the Amazon Aurora User Guide.

For more information on Multi-AZ DB clusters, see Multi-AZ deployments with two readable standby DB instances in the Amazon RDS User Guide.

AllocatedStorage -> (integer)

For all database engines except Amazon Aurora, AllocatedStorage specifies the allocated storage size in gibibytes (GiB). For Aurora, AllocatedStorage always returns 1, because Aurora DB cluster storage size isn't fixed, but instead automatically adjusts as needed.

AvailabilityZones -> (list)

Provides the list of Availability Zones (AZs) where instances in the DB cluster can be created.

(string)

BackupRetentionPeriod -> (integer)

Specifies the number of days for which automatic DB snapshots are retained.

CharacterSetName -> (string)

If present, specifies the name of the character set that this cluster is associated with.

DatabaseName -> (string)

Contains the name of the initial database of this DB cluster that was provided at create time, if one was specified when the DB cluster was created. This same name is returned for the life of the DB cluster.

DBClusterIdentifier -> (string)

Contains a user-supplied DB cluster identifier. This identifier is the unique key that identifies a DB cluster.

DBClusterParameterGroup -> (string)

Specifies the name of the DB cluster parameter group for the DB cluster.

DBSubnetGroup -> (string)

Specifies information on the subnet group associated with the DB cluster, including the name, description, and subnets in the subnet group.

Status -> (string)

Specifies the current state of this DB cluster.

AutomaticRestartTime -> (timestamp)

The time when a stopped DB cluster is restarted automatically.

PercentProgress -> (string)

Specifies the progress of the operation as a percentage.

EarliestRestorableTime -> (timestamp)

The earliest time to which a database can be restored with point-in-time restore.

Endpoint -> (string)

Specifies the connection endpoint for the primary instance of the DB cluster.

ReaderEndpoint -> (string)

The reader endpoint for the DB cluster. The reader endpoint for a DB cluster load-balances connections across the Aurora Replicas that are available in a DB cluster. As clients request new connections to the reader endpoint, Aurora distributes the connection requests among the Aurora Replicas in the DB cluster. This functionality can help balance your read workload across multiple Aurora Replicas in your DB cluster.

If a failover occurs, and the Aurora Replica that you are connected to is promoted to be the primary instance, your connection is dropped. To continue sending your read workload to other Aurora Replicas in the cluster, you can then reconnect to the reader endpoint.

CustomEndpoints -> (list)

Identifies all custom endpoints associated with the cluster.

(string)

MultiAZ -> (boolean)

Specifies whether the DB cluster has instances in multiple Availability Zones.

Engine -> (string)

The name of the database engine to be used for this DB cluster.

EngineVersion -> (string)

Indicates the database engine version.

LatestRestorableTime -> (timestamp)

Specifies the latest time to which a database can be restored with point-in-time restore.

Port -> (integer)

Specifies the port that the database engine is listening on.

MasterUsername -> (string)

Contains the master username for the DB cluster.

DBClusterOptionGroupMemberships -> (list)

Provides the list of option group memberships for this DB cluster.

(structure)

Contains status information for a DB cluster option group.

DBClusterOptionGroupName -> (string)

Specifies the name of the DB cluster option group.

Status -> (string)

Specifies the status of the DB cluster option group.

PreferredBackupWindow -> (string)

Specifies the daily time range during which automated backups are created if automated backups are enabled, as determined by the BackupRetentionPeriod .

PreferredMaintenanceWindow -> (string)

Specifies the weekly time range during which system maintenance can occur, in Universal Coordinated Time (UTC).

ReplicationSourceIdentifier -> (string)

Contains the identifier of the source DB cluster if this DB cluster is a read replica.

ReadReplicaIdentifiers -> (list)

Contains one or more identifiers of the read replicas associated with this DB cluster.

(string)

DBClusterMembers -> (list)

Provides the list of instances that make up the DB cluster.

(structure)

Contains information about an instance that is part of a DB cluster.

DBInstanceIdentifier -> (string)

Specifies the instance identifier for this member of the DB cluster.

IsClusterWriter -> (boolean)

Value that is true if the cluster member is the primary instance for the DB cluster and false otherwise.

DBClusterParameterGroupStatus -> (string)

Specifies the status of the DB cluster parameter group for this member of the DB cluster.

PromotionTier -> (integer)

A value that specifies the order in which an Aurora Replica is promoted to the primary instance after a failure of the existing primary instance. For more information, see Fault Tolerance for an Aurora DB Cluster in the Amazon Aurora User Guide .

VpcSecurityGroups -> (list)

Provides a list of VPC security groups that the DB cluster belongs to.

(structure)

This data type is used as a response element for queries on VPC security group membership.

VpcSecurityGroupId -> (string)

The name of the VPC security group.

Status -> (string)

The status of the VPC security group.

HostedZoneId -> (string)

Specifies the ID that Amazon Route 53 assigns when you create a hosted zone.

StorageEncrypted -> (boolean)

Specifies whether the DB cluster is encrypted.

KmsKeyId -> (string)

If StorageEncrypted is enabled, the Amazon Web Services KMS key identifier for the encrypted DB cluster.

The Amazon Web Services KMS key identifier is the key ARN, key ID, alias ARN, or alias name for the KMS key.

DbClusterResourceId -> (string)

The Amazon Web Services Region-unique, immutable identifier for the DB cluster. This identifier is found in Amazon Web Services CloudTrail log entries whenever the KMS key for the DB cluster is accessed.

DBClusterArn -> (string)

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) for the DB cluster.

AssociatedRoles -> (list)

Provides a list of the Amazon Web Services Identity and Access Management (IAM) roles that are associated with the DB cluster. IAM roles that are associated with a DB cluster grant permission for the DB cluster to access other Amazon Web Services on your behalf.

(structure)

Describes an Amazon Web Services Identity and Access Management (IAM) role that is associated with a DB cluster.

RoleArn -> (string)

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the IAM role that is associated with the DB cluster.

Status -> (string)

Describes the state of association between the IAM role and the DB cluster. The Status property returns one of the following values:

  • ACTIVE - the IAM role ARN is associated with the DB cluster and can be used to access other Amazon Web Services on your behalf.
  • PENDING - the IAM role ARN is being associated with the DB cluster.
  • INVALID - the IAM role ARN is associated with the DB cluster, but the DB cluster is unable to assume the IAM role in order to access other Amazon Web Services on your behalf.

FeatureName -> (string)

The name of the feature associated with the Amazon Web Services Identity and Access Management (IAM) role. For information about supported feature names, see DBEngineVersion .

IAMDatabaseAuthenticationEnabled -> (boolean)

A value that indicates whether the mapping of Amazon Web Services Identity and Access Management (IAM) accounts to database accounts is enabled.

CloneGroupId -> (string)

Identifies the clone group to which the DB cluster is associated.

ClusterCreateTime -> (timestamp)

Specifies the time when the DB cluster was created, in Universal Coordinated Time (UTC).

EarliestBacktrackTime -> (timestamp)

The earliest time to which a DB cluster can be backtracked.

BacktrackWindow -> (long)

The target backtrack window, in seconds. If this value is set to 0, backtracking is disabled for the DB cluster. Otherwise, backtracking is enabled.

BacktrackConsumedChangeRecords -> (long)

The number of change records stored for Backtrack.

EnabledCloudwatchLogsExports -> (list)

A list of log types that this DB cluster is configured to export to CloudWatch Logs.

Log types vary by DB engine. For information about the log types for each DB engine, see Amazon RDS Database Log Files in the Amazon Aurora User Guide.

(string)

Capacity -> (integer)

The current capacity of an Aurora Serverless v1 DB cluster. The capacity is 0 (zero) when the cluster is paused.

For more information about Aurora Serverless v1, see Using Amazon Aurora Serverless v1 in the Amazon Aurora User Guide .

EngineMode -> (string)

The DB engine mode of the DB cluster, either provisioned , serverless , parallelquery , global , or multimaster .

For more information, see CreateDBCluster .

ScalingConfigurationInfo -> (structure)

Shows the scaling configuration for an Aurora DB cluster in serverless DB engine mode.

For more information, see Using Amazon Aurora Serverless v1 in the Amazon Aurora User Guide .

MinCapacity -> (integer)

The maximum capacity for the Aurora DB cluster in serverless DB engine mode.

MaxCapacity -> (integer)

The maximum capacity for an Aurora DB cluster in serverless DB engine mode.

AutoPause -> (boolean)

A value that indicates whether automatic pause is allowed for the Aurora DB cluster in serverless DB engine mode.

When the value is set to false for an Aurora Serverless v1 DB cluster, the DB cluster automatically resumes.

SecondsUntilAutoPause -> (integer)

The remaining amount of time, in seconds, before the Aurora DB cluster in serverless mode is paused. A DB cluster can be paused only when it's idle (it has no connections).

TimeoutAction -> (string)

The action that occurs when Aurora times out while attempting to change the capacity of an Aurora Serverless v1 cluster. The value is either ForceApplyCapacityChange or RollbackCapacityChange .

ForceApplyCapacityChange , the default, sets the capacity to the specified value as soon as possible.

RollbackCapacityChange ignores the capacity change if a scaling point isn't found in the timeout period.

SecondsBeforeTimeout -> (integer)

The number of seconds before scaling times out. What happens when an attempted scaling action times out is determined by the TimeoutAction setting.

DeletionProtection -> (boolean)

Indicates if the DB cluster has deletion protection enabled. The database can't be deleted when deletion protection is enabled.

HttpEndpointEnabled -> (boolean)

A value that indicates whether the HTTP endpoint for an Aurora Serverless v1 DB cluster is enabled.

When enabled, the HTTP endpoint provides a connectionless web service API for running SQL queries on the Aurora Serverless v1 DB cluster. You can also query your database from inside the RDS console with the query editor.

For more information, see Using the Data API for Aurora Serverless v1 in the Amazon Aurora User Guide .

ActivityStreamMode -> (string)

The mode of the database activity stream. Database events such as a change or access generate an activity stream event. The database session can handle these events either synchronously or asynchronously.

ActivityStreamStatus -> (string)

The status of the database activity stream.

ActivityStreamKmsKeyId -> (string)

The Amazon Web Services KMS key identifier used for encrypting messages in the database activity stream.

The Amazon Web Services KMS key identifier is the key ARN, key ID, alias ARN, or alias name for the KMS key.

ActivityStreamKinesisStreamName -> (string)

The name of the Amazon Kinesis data stream used for the database activity stream.

CopyTagsToSnapshot -> (boolean)

Specifies whether tags are copied from the DB cluster to snapshots of the DB cluster.

CrossAccountClone -> (boolean)

Specifies whether the DB cluster is a clone of a DB cluster owned by a different Amazon Web Services account.

DomainMemberships -> (list)

The Active Directory Domain membership records associated with the DB cluster.

(structure)

An Active Directory Domain membership record associated with the DB instance or cluster.

Domain -> (string)

The identifier of the Active Directory Domain.

Status -> (string)

The status of the Active Directory Domain membership for the DB instance or cluster. Values include joined, pending-join, failed, and so on.

FQDN -> (string)

The fully qualified domain name of the Active Directory Domain.

IAMRoleName -> (string)

The name of the IAM role to be used when making API calls to the Directory Service.

TagList -> (list)

A list of tags. For more information, see Tagging Amazon RDS Resources in the Amazon RDS User Guide.

(structure)

Metadata assigned to an Amazon RDS resource consisting of a key-value pair.

Key -> (string)

A key is the required name of the tag. The string value can be from 1 to 128 Unicode characters in length and can't be prefixed with aws: or rds: . The string can only contain only the set of Unicode letters, digits, white-space, '_', '.', ':', '/', '=', '+', '-', '@' (Java regex: "^([\p{L}\p{Z}\p{N}_.:/=+\-@]*)$").

Value -> (string)

A value is the optional value of the tag. The string value can be from 1 to 256 Unicode characters in length and can't be prefixed with aws: or rds: . The string can only contain only the set of Unicode letters, digits, white-space, '_', '.', ':', '/', '=', '+', '-', '@' (Java regex: "^([\p{L}\p{Z}\p{N}_.:/=+\-@]*)$").

GlobalWriteForwardingStatus -> (string)

Specifies whether a secondary cluster in an Aurora global database has write forwarding enabled, not enabled, or is in the process of enabling it.

GlobalWriteForwardingRequested -> (boolean)

Specifies whether you have requested to enable write forwarding for a secondary cluster in an Aurora global database. Because write forwarding takes time to enable, check the value of GlobalWriteForwardingStatus to confirm that the request has completed before using the write forwarding feature for this cluster.

PendingModifiedValues -> (structure)

A value that specifies that changes to the DB cluster are pending. This element is only included when changes are pending. Specific changes are identified by subelements.

PendingCloudwatchLogsExports -> (structure)

A list of the log types whose configuration is still pending. In other words, these log types are in the process of being activated or deactivated.

LogTypesToEnable -> (list)

Log types that are in the process of being deactivated. After they are deactivated, these log types aren't exported to CloudWatch Logs.

(string)

LogTypesToDisable -> (list)

Log types that are in the process of being enabled. After they are enabled, these log types are exported to CloudWatch Logs.

(string)

DBClusterIdentifier -> (string)

The DBClusterIdentifier value for the DB cluster.

MasterUserPassword -> (string)

The master credentials for the DB cluster.

IAMDatabaseAuthenticationEnabled -> (boolean)

A value that indicates whether mapping of Amazon Web Services Identity and Access Management (IAM) accounts to database accounts is enabled.

EngineVersion -> (string)

The database engine version.

DBClusterInstanceClass -> (string)

The name of the compute and memory capacity class of the DB instance.

This setting is only for non-Aurora Multi-AZ DB clusters.

StorageType -> (string)

The storage type associated with the DB cluster.

This setting is only for non-Aurora Multi-AZ DB clusters.

Iops -> (integer)

The Provisioned IOPS (I/O operations per second) value.

This setting is only for non-Aurora Multi-AZ DB clusters.

PubliclyAccessible -> (boolean)

Specifies the accessibility options for the DB instance.

When the DB instance is publicly accessible, its Domain Name System (DNS) endpoint resolves to the private IP address from within the DB instance's virtual private cloud (VPC). It resolves to the public IP address from outside of the DB instance's VPC. Access to the DB instance is ultimately controlled by the security group it uses. That public access is not permitted if the security group assigned to the DB instance doesn't permit it.

When the DB instance isn't publicly accessible, it is an internal DB instance with a DNS name that resolves to a private IP address.

For more information, see CreateDBInstance .

This setting is only for non-Aurora Multi-AZ DB clusters.

AutoMinorVersionUpgrade -> (boolean)

A value that indicates that minor version patches are applied automatically.

This setting is only for non-Aurora Multi-AZ DB clusters.

MonitoringInterval -> (integer)

The interval, in seconds, between points when Enhanced Monitoring metrics are collected for the DB cluster.

This setting is only for non-Aurora Multi-AZ DB clusters.

MonitoringRoleArn -> (string)

The ARN for the IAM role that permits RDS to send Enhanced Monitoring metrics to Amazon CloudWatch Logs.

This setting is only for non-Aurora Multi-AZ DB clusters.

PerformanceInsightsEnabled -> (boolean)

True if Performance Insights is enabled for the DB cluster, and otherwise false.

This setting is only for non-Aurora Multi-AZ DB clusters.

PerformanceInsightsKMSKeyId -> (string)

The Amazon Web Services KMS key identifier for encryption of Performance Insights data.

The Amazon Web Services KMS key identifier is the key ARN, key ID, alias ARN, or alias name for the KMS key.

This setting is only for non-Aurora Multi-AZ DB clusters.

PerformanceInsightsRetentionPeriod -> (integer)

The amount of time, in days, to retain Performance Insights data. Valid values are 7 or 731 (2 years).

This setting is only for non-Aurora Multi-AZ DB clusters.

ServerlessV2ScalingConfiguration -> (structure)

Shows the scaling configuration for an Aurora Serverless v2 DB cluster.

For more information, see Using Amazon Aurora Serverless v2 in the Amazon Aurora User Guide .

MinCapacity -> (double)

The minimum number of Aurora capacity units (ACUs) for a DB instance in an Aurora Serverless v2 cluster. You can specify ACU values in half-step increments, such as 8, 8.5, 9, and so on. The smallest value that you can use is 0.5.

MaxCapacity -> (double)

The maximum number of Aurora capacity units (ACUs) for a DB instance in an Aurora Serverless v2 cluster. You can specify ACU values in half-step increments, such as 40, 40.5, 41, and so on. The largest value that you can use is 128.