Amazon Kinesis Data Streams
Developer Guide

Kinesis Data Streams Limits

Amazon Kinesis Data Streams has the following stream and shard limits.

  • There is no upper limit on the number of shards you can have in a stream or account. It is common for a workload to have thousands of shards in a single stream.

  • There is no upper limit on the number of streams you can have in an account.

  • A single shard can ingest up to 1 MiB of data per second (including partition keys) or 1,000 records per second for writes. Similarly, if you scale your stream to 5,000 shards, the stream can ingest up to 5 GiB per second or 5 million records per second. If you need more ingest capacity, you can easily scale up the number of shards in the stream using the AWS Management Console or the UpdateShardCount API.

  • The default shard limit is 500 shards for the following AWS Regions: US East (N. Virginia), US West (Oregon), and EU (Ireland). For all other Regions, the default shard limit is 200 shards.

  • The maximum size of the data payload of a record before base64-encoding is up to 1 MiB.

  • GetRecords can retrieve up to 10 MiB of data per call from a single shard, and up to 10,000 records per call. Each call to GetRecords is counted as one read transaction.

  • Each shard can support up to five read transactions per second. Each read transaction can provide up to 10,000 records with an upper limit of 10 MiB per transaction.

  • Each shard can support up to a maximum total data read rate of 2 MiB per second via GetRecords. If a call to GetRecords returns 10 MiB, subsequent calls made within the next 5 seconds throw an exception.

API limits

Like most AWS APIs, Kinesis Data Streams API operations are rate-limited. For information about API call rate limits, see the Amazon Kinesis API Reference. If you encounter API throttling, we encourage you to request a limit increase.

Increasing Limits

To increase your shard limit or API call rate limit

  1. Sign in to the AWS Management Console at

  2. Use the Kinesis Data Streams limits form to request a limit increase.