Setting up - AWS WAF, AWS Firewall Manager, and AWS Shield Advanced

Setting up

This topic describes preliminary steps, such as creating an AWS account, to prepare you to use AWS WAF, AWS Firewall Manager, and AWS Shield Advanced. You are not charged to set up this account and other preliminary items. You are charged only for AWS services that you use.

After you complete these steps, see Getting started with AWS WAF to continue getting started with AWS WAF.

Note

AWS Shield Standard is included with AWS WAF and does not require additional setup. For more information, see How AWS Shield works.

Before you use AWS WAF or AWS Shield Advanced for the first time, complete the following tasks:

Step 1: Sign up for an AWS account

When you sign up for Amazon Web Services (AWS), your AWS account is automatically signed up for all services in AWS, including AWS WAF. You are charged only for the services that you use.

If you have an AWS account already, skip to the next task. If you don't have an AWS account, use the following procedure to create one.

To sign up for AWS

  1. Open https://portal.aws.amazon.com/billing/signup.

  2. Follow the online instructions.

    Part of the sign-up procedure involves receiving a phone call and entering a verification code on the phone keypad.

    When you sign up for an AWS account, an AWS account root user is created. The root user has access to all AWS services and resources in the account. As a security best practice, assign administrative access to an administrative user, and use only the root user to perform tasks that require root user access.

Note your AWS account number, because you'll need it for the next task.

Step 2: Create an IAM user

To use the AWS WAF console, you must sign in to confirm that you have permission to perform AWS WAF operations. You can use the root credentials for your AWS account, but we don't recommend it. For greater security and control of your account, we recommend that you use AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) to do the following:

  • Create an IAM user account for yourself or your business.

  • Either add the IAM user account to an IAM group that has administrative permissions, or grant administrative permissions directly to the IAM user account.

  • Verify that the account has full access to AWS WAF and related services, for general use and for console access. For information, see AWS managed (predefined) policies for AWS WAF.

You then can sign in to the AWS WAF console (and other service consoles) by using a special URL and the credentials for the IAM user. You also can add other users to the IAM user account, and control their level of access to AWS services and to your resources.

Note

For information about creating access keys to access AWS WAF by using the AWS Command Line Interface (AWS CLI), Tools for Windows PowerShell, the AWS SDKs, or the AWS WAF API, see Managing Access Keys for IAM Users.

If you signed up for AWS but have not created an IAM user for yourself, you can create one using the IAM console. If you aren't familiar with using the console, see Working with the AWS Management Console for an overview.

To create an administrator user, choose one of the following options.

Choose one way to manage your administrator To By You can also
In IAM Identity Center

(Recommended)

Use short-term credentials to access AWS.

This aligns with the security best practices. For information about best practices, see Security best practices in IAM in the IAM User Guide.

Following the instructions in Getting started in the AWS IAM Identity Center (successor to AWS Single Sign-On) User Guide. Configure programmatic access by Configuring the AWS CLI to use AWS IAM Identity Center (successor to AWS Single Sign-On) in the AWS Command Line Interface User Guide.
In IAM

(Not recommended)

Use long-term credentials to access AWS. Following the instructions in Creating your first IAM admin user and user group in the IAM User Guide. Configure programmatic access by Managing access keys for IAM users in the IAM User Guide.

To sign in as this new IAM user, first sign out of the AWS Management Console. Then use the following URL, where your_aws_account_id is your AWS account number without the hyphens. For example, if your AWS account number is 1234-5678-9012, your AWS account ID is 123456789012:

https://your_aws_account_id.signin.aws.amazon.com/console/

Enter the IAM user name and password that you just created. When you're signed in, the navigation bar displays "your_user_name @ your_aws_account_id".

If you don't want the URL for your sign-in page to contain your AWS account ID, you can create an account alias. From the IAM dashboard, choose Customize and enter an alias, such as your company name. To sign in after you create an account alias, use the following URL:

https://your_account_alias.signin.aws.amazon.com/console/

To verify the sign-in link for IAM users for your account, open the IAM console and check under the IAM users sign-in link on the dashboard.

After you complete these steps, you can stop here and go to Getting started with AWS WAF to continue getting started with AWS WAF using the console. If you want to access AWS WAF programmatically using the AWS WAF API, continue on to the next step, Step 3: Download tools.

Step 3: Download tools

The AWS Management Console includes a console for AWS WAF, but if you want to access AWS WAF programmatically, the following documentation and tools will help you:

  • If you want to call the AWS WAF API without having to handle low-level details like assembling raw HTTP requests, you can use an AWS SDK. The AWS SDKs provide functions and data types that encapsulate the functionality of AWS WAF and other AWS services. To download an AWS SDK, see the applicable page, which also includes prerequisites and installation instructions:

    For a complete list of AWS SDKs, see Tools for Amazon Web Services.

  • If you're using a programming language for which AWS doesn't provide an SDK, the AWS WAF API Reference documents the operations that AWS WAF supports.

  • The AWS Command Line Interface (AWS CLI) supports AWS WAF. The AWS CLI lets you control multiple AWS services from the command line and automate them through scripts. For more information, see AWS Command Line Interface.

  • AWS Tools for Windows PowerShell supports AWS WAF. For more information, see AWS Tools for PowerShell Cmdlet Reference.